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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 57 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 弓尸一女 (NSMV), four-corner 11232, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 359, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9812
  • Dae Jaweon: page 675, character 33
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 997, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5F35

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (張), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 知 (9)
Final: 陽
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 陟良切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʈɨɐŋ/ /ȶi̯aŋ/ /ȶiaŋ/ /ʈiɐŋ/ /ʈɨaŋ/ /ȶĭaŋ/ /ȶiɑŋ/
Character (張), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 知 (9)
Final: 陽
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 知亮切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʈɨɐŋH/ /ȶi̯aŋH/ /ȶiaŋH/ /ʈiɐŋH/ /ʈɨaŋH/ /ȶĭaŋH/ /ȶiɑŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhāng ‹ trjang › /*C.traŋ/ draw a bow

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1259 0 /*taŋ/
1270 0 /*taŋs/

Classifier[edit]

  1. classifier for for flat things
    地圖 / 地图  ―  zhāng dìtú  ―  a map
    桌子 / 桌子  ―  zhāng zhuōzǐ  ―  a table
  2. classifier for votes

Verb[edit]

  1. to stretch; to open up; to spread
    /   ―  zhāngkāi  ―  to open up, to spread
    /   ―  zhāngkǒu  ―  to gape, to yawn
  2. to expand, to spread
    /   ―  kuòzhāng  ―  to expand, expansion
    /   ―  shēngzhāng  ―  to make public, to disclose

Adjective[edit]

  1. nervous, tense
    /   ―  jǐnzhāng  ―  nervous
    /   ―  zhāng  ―  tension

Proper noun[edit]

  1. A surname​. Zhang, listed #24 of the Baijiaxing

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jang) (hangeul , revised jang, McCune-Reischauer chang, Yale cang)

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Middle Vietnamese[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(blang)

  1. page of a book

Descendants[edit]

  • Vietnamese: trang ()

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(trương, trang, chanh, choang, chương, giương, chăng, chướng, dăng)

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