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See also:
U+5F35, 張
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5F35

[U+5F34]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5F36]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 57 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 弓尸一女 (NSMV), four-corner 11232, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 359, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9812
  • Dae Jaweon: page 675, character 33
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 997, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5F35

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
Wikipedia has articles on:
張姓 (Written Standard Chinese?)
Zhang (surname) (English)

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*taŋ, *taŋs
*taŋ
*taŋ
*taŋ, *taŋʔ, *taŋs
*taŋʔ, *daŋ, *daŋs
*taŋs
*taŋs
*taŋs
*taŋs
倀 *tʰaŋ, *rtaːŋs
*tʰaŋ
*tʰaŋʔ
*tʰaŋs
*tʰaŋs
*daŋ
*daŋ, *daŋs
*rdaːŋ
*rdaːŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *taŋ, *taŋs): semantic  (bow) + phonetic  (OC *taŋʔ, *daŋ, *daŋs).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • tiuⁿ/tioⁿ - colloquial;
  • tiong/tiang - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂɑŋ⁵⁵/
    Harbin /ʈ͡ʂaŋ⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂɑŋ²¹/
    /t͡sɑŋ²¹/
    Jinan /ʈ͡ʂaŋ²¹³/
    Qingdao /tʃaŋ²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂaŋ²⁴/
    Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂaŋ²¹/
    Xining /ʈ͡ʂɔ̃⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂɑŋ⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂɑ̃³¹/
    Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂɑŋ⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /t͡saŋ⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /t͡saŋ⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /t͡saŋ⁵⁵/
    Kunming /ʈ͡ʂã̠/
    Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂaŋ³¹/
    Hefei /ʈ͡ʂɑ̃²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡sɒ̃¹¹/
    Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂɑŋ¹³/
    /t͡suə¹³/ ~村
    Hohhot /t͡sɑ̃³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /t͡sã⁵³/
    Suzhou /t͡sã⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /t͡sɑŋ³³/
    Wenzhou /t͡ɕi³³/
    Hui Shexian /t͡ɕia³¹/
    Tunxi /t͡ɕiau¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂan³³/
    Xiangtan /ʈ͡ʂɔn³³/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡sɔŋ⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡soŋ⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /tʃoŋ²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sœŋ⁵³/
    Nanning /t͡sœŋ⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /t͡sœŋ⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tiɔŋ⁵⁵/
    /tiũ⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tuoŋ⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tiɔŋ⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡siaŋ³³/
    /tiõ³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡siaŋ²³/
    /ʔdio²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (9)
    Final () (105)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʈɨɐŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʈiɐŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ȶiɑŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʈɨaŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /ȶiaŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /ȶĭaŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ȶi̯aŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhāng
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    zhāng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ trjang ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.traŋ/
    English draw a bow

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 1259
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*taŋ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to stretch; to open up; to spread
      /   ―  zhāngkāi  ―  to open up, to spread
      /   ―  zhāngkǒu  ―  to gape, to yawn
    2. to expand; to spread
      /   ―  kuòzhāng  ―  to expand, expansion
      /   ―  shēngzhāng  ―  to make public, to disclose
    3. nervous; tense
      /   ―  jǐnzhāng  ―  nervous
      /   ―  zhāng  ―  tension
    4. Classifier for things with a flat surface: sheet
      地圖 / 地图  ―  zhāng dìtú  ―  a map
      桌子 / 桌子  ―  zhāng zhuōzǐ  ―  a table
      / [Cantonese]  ―  gei2 zoeng1 dang3 [Jyutping]  ―  several chairs
      / [Cantonese]  ―  loeng5 zoeng1 zi2 [Jyutping]  ―  two sheets of paper
    5. Classifier for votes.
    6. (Chinese astronomy) Extended Net (one of Twenty-Eight Mansions)
    7. A surname​. Zhang, listed #24 of the Baijiaxing
    Descendants[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (9)
    Final () (105)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʈɨɐŋH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʈiɐŋH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ȶiɑŋH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʈɨaŋH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ȶiaŋH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ȶĭaŋH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ȶi̯aŋH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhàng
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 1270
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*taŋs/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Alternative form of (zhàng).
    2. Alternative form of (zhàng).

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (jang) (hangeul , revised jang, McCune-Reischauer chang, Yale cang)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Middle Vietnamese[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (blang)

    1. page of a book

    Descendants[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (trương, trang, chanh, choang, chương, giương, chăng, chướng, dăng)

    1. A surname. Trương or Truong.