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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *taŋ, *taŋs): semantic  ‎(bow) + phonetic  ‎(OC *taŋʔ, *daŋ, *daŋs) -- to stretch with a bow.

Han character[edit]

(radical 57 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 弓尸一女 (NSMV), four-corner 11232, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 359, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9812
  • Dae Jaweon: page 675, character 33
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 997, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5F35

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂɑŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂaŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂɑŋ²¹/
/t͡sɑŋ²¹/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂaŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /tʃaŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂaŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂaŋ²¹/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂɔ̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂɑŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂɑ̃³¹/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂɑŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡saŋ⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡saŋ⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡saŋ⁵⁵/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂã̠/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂaŋ³¹/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂɑ̃²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sɒ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂɑŋ¹³/
/t͡suə¹³/ ~村
Hohhot /t͡sɑ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /t͡sã⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡sã⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡sɑŋ³³/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕi³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕia³¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕiau¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂan³³/
Xiangtan /ʈ͡ʂɔn³³/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sɔŋ⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /t͡soŋ⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /tʃoŋ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sœŋ⁵³/
Nanning /t͡sœŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sœŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tiɔŋ⁵⁵/
/tiũ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tuoŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tiɔŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡siaŋ³³/
/tiõ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡siaŋ²³/
/ʔdio²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (9)
Final: (105)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: zhāng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʈɨɐŋ/ /ʈiɐŋ/ /ȶiɑŋ/ /ʈɨaŋ/ /ȶiaŋ/ /ȶĭaŋ/ /ȶi̯aŋ/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (9)
Final: (105)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: zhàng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʈɨɐŋH/ /ʈiɐŋH/ /ȶiɑŋH/ /ʈɨaŋH/ /ȶiaŋH/ /ȶĭaŋH/ /ȶi̯aŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhāng ‹ trjang › /*C.traŋ/ draw a bow

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1259 0 /*taŋ/
1270 0 /*taŋs/

Classifier[edit]

  1. classifier for for flat things: sheet
    地圖 / 地图  ―  zhāng dìtú  ―  a map
    桌子 / 桌子  ―  zhāng zhuōzǐ  ―  a table
  2. classifier for votes

Verb[edit]

  1. to stretch; to open up; to spread
    /   ―  zhāngkāi  ―  to open up, to spread
    /   ―  zhāngkǒu  ―  to gape, to yawn
  2. to expand, to spread
    /   ―  kuòzhāng  ―  to expand, expansion
    /   ―  shēngzhāng  ―  to make public, to disclose

Adjective[edit]

  1. nervous, tense
    /   ―  jǐnzhāng  ―  nervous
    /   ―  zhāng  ―  tension

Proper noun[edit]

  1. A surname​. Zhang, listed #24 of the Baijiaxing

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jang) (hangeul , revised jang, McCune-Reischauer chang, Yale cang)

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Middle Vietnamese[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(blang)

  1. page of a book

Descendants[edit]

  • Vietnamese: trang ()

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(trương, trang, chanh, choang, chương, giương, chăng, chướng, dăng)

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