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U+85DD, 藝
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-85DD

[U+85DC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+85DE]
See also: , , and

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 140 +15, 21 strokes, cangjie input 廿土戈戈 (TGII), four-corner 44731, composition)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1065, character 34
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 32330
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1530, character 25
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3317, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+85DD

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ŋr'eːds, *ŋeds
*hŋjeds
*ŋeds
*ŋeds
*ŋeds
*ŋeds
*ŋeds
*ŋʷjed
*sŋed
*sŋed
*ŋjed
*ŋeːd

 + .

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /i⁵¹/
Harbin /i⁵³/
Tianjin /i⁵³/
Jinan /i²¹/
Qingdao /i⁴²/
Zhengzhou /i³¹²/
Xi'an /i⁴⁴/
Xining /ji²¹³/
Yinchuan /i¹³/
Lanzhou /i¹³/
Ürümqi /i²¹³/
Wuhan /i³⁵/
Chengdu /ȵi¹³/
Guiyang /ni²¹³/
/i²¹³/
Kunming /i²¹²/
Nanjing /i⁴⁴/
Hefei /zz̩⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /i⁴⁵/
Pingyao
Hohhot /i⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /ȵi²³/
Suzhou /ȵi³¹/
Hangzhou /ȵi¹³/
Wenzhou /ȵi²²/
Hui Shexian /ni²²/
Tunxi /ȵi¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ȵi⁵⁵/
/ȵi¹¹/
Xiangtan /ȵi⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /ȵi²¹/
Hakka Meixian /ŋi⁵³/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /ŋɐi²²/
Nanning /ŋɐi²²/
Hong Kong /ŋɐi²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ge²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ŋiɛ²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ŋi⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /goi³¹/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ŋi³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (35)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋiᴇiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋiɛiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋjæiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋiajH/
Li
Rong
/ŋiɛiH/
Wang
Li
/ŋĭɛiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋi̯ɛiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
y-
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngjiejH ›
Old
Chinese
/*ŋet-s/ (MC I!)
English cultivation, art, skill

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15090
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋeds/
Notes

Noun[edit]

  1. art
  2. skill; talent
  3. craft
    • /   ―  shǒu  ―  craftmanship, workmanship
  4. (obsolete) limit, bound, norm

Verb[edit]

  1. (obsolete) to plant, to grow

Usage notes[edit]

  • Used only in compounds.

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. technique, art, craft, performance

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ye) (hangeul , revised ye, McCune-Reischauer ye, Yale yey)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Character[edit]

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(nghệ, nghề)

  1. art
    (thiện)(nghệ)
    artist
  2. craft, trade
    (nghề)(nghiệp)
    trade
    (văn)(nghề)
    literature
  3. talent, ability
    ()(nghề)
    martial arts

References[edit]