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See also:
U+52E2, 勢
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-52E2

[U+52E1]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+52E3]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 19, +11, 13 strokes, cangjie input 土戈大尸 (GIKS), four-corner 45427, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 149, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2422
  • Dae Jaweon: page 336, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 377, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+52E2

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ŋr'eːds, *ŋeds
*hŋjeds
*ŋeds
*ŋeds
*ŋeds
*ŋeds
*ŋeds
*ŋʷjed
*sŋed
*sŋed
*ŋjed
*ŋeːd

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *hŋjeds): phonetic  (OC *ŋeds) + semantic  (power).

Etymology[edit]

Nominalisation of (OC *ŋ̊et, “to set up”), i.e. “that which is set up” (Schuessler, 2007; Baxter and Sagart, 2014). Compare the following quote from Han Feizi:

[Classical Chinese, trad.][▼ expand/hide]
[Classical Chinese, simp.]
From: Han Feizi, circa 2nd century BCE
Wú suǒ wéi yán shì zhě, yán rén zhī suǒ shè yě. [Pinyin]
The setup (*ŋ̊et-s) of which I am speaking refers to what is set up (*ŋ̊et) by men.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • sè - literary;
  • sì - vernacular.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (26)
    Final () (35)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɕiᴇiH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɕiɛiH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɕjæiH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɕiajH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɕiɛiH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɕĭɛiH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɕi̯ɛiH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shì
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    shì
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ syejH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ŋ̊et-s/
    English circumstances, setting

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 15089
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*hŋjeds/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. power; force; momentum; influence; authority
    2. outward appearance of something
    3. posture; position; pose; bearing
    4. situation; circumstances; conditions
    5. tendency; trend
    6. male genitals
    7. (mathematics) cardinality

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. forces
    2. energy
    3. military strength

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (se) (hangeul , revised se, McCune–Reischauer se)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (thế, thể)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.