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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic  (power)

Han character[edit]

(radical 19 +11, 13 strokes, cangjie input 土戈大尸 (GIKS), four-corner 45427, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 149, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2422
  • Dae Jaweon: page 336, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 377, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+52E2

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (勢), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 書 (26)
Final: 祭
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 舒制切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕiᴇiH/ /ɕi̯ɛiH/ /ɕiɛiH/ /ɕiɛiH/ /ɕiajH/ /ɕĭɛiH/ /ɕjæiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shì ‹ syejH › /*ŋ̊ et-s/ circumstances, setting

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15089 2 /*hŋjeds/

Definitions[edit]

  1. power, force
  2. tendency

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. forces
  2. energy
  3. military strength

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

  • 市勢 (しせい, shisei)
  • 水勢 (すいせい, suisei)
  • 手勢 (てぜい, tezei)
  • 中勢 (ちゅうせい, chūsei)
  • 病勢 (びょうせい, byōsei)
  • 落勢 (らくせい, rakusei)
  • 騰勢 (とうせい, tōsei)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(se) (hangeul , revised se, McCune-Reischauer se)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thế, thể)

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