大勢

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See also: 大势

Chinese[edit]

 
big; great; huge; large; major; wide; deep; oldest; eldest; doctor
conditions; influence; tendency
trad. (大勢)
simp. (大势)

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

大勢

  1. general trend

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
おお
Grade: 1
ぜい
Grade: 5
yutōyomi

Likely a shift in reading of taizei below, adopting the native-Japanese kun'yomi of ō for the first character.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • The pitch accent pattern is 0 when used as an adverb.

Adverb[edit]

大勢 (hiragana おおぜい, rōmaji ōzei, historical hiragana おほぜい)

  1. in a crowd, as a crowd
    ツーリストが (もん) (まえ) (おお) (ぜい) (あつ)まる
    tsūrisuto ga mon no mae ni ōzei atsumaru
    the tourists gather in a crowd in front of the gate

Noun[edit]

大勢 (hiragana おおぜい, rōmaji ōzei, historical hiragana おほぜい)

  1. a crowd, a large number of people
     (おお) (ぜい) (まえ) (えん) (そう)する
    ōzei no mae de ensō suru
    to perform in front of a crowd
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
たい
Grade: 1
ぜい
Grade: 5
on’yomi

Shift in reading of taisei below. Ultimately from Middle Chinese 大勢 (MC dɑiH ɕiᴇiH). Uses the kan'yōon of zei for the second character, indicating a shift in pronunciation after borrowing.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

大勢 (hiragana たいぜい, rōmaji taizei)

  1. a crowd, a large number of people

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
たい
Grade: 1
せい
Grade: 5
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese 大勢 (MC dɑiH ɕiᴇiH). The kan'on, so likely the reading as borrowed from Chinese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

大勢 (hiragana たいせい, rōmaji taisei)

  1. the general trend or situation, the zeitgeist, the current of the times
     (たい) (せい) (したが)う、 (たい) (せい) (さか)らう
    taisei ni shitagau, taisei ni sakarau
    to conform with the trend / go with the flow, to buck the trend / to swim against the current
  2. a major authority, influence, or power
  3. (business, stocks) a major swing or trend in prices lasting at least half the year
    see also 中勢 (chūsei, a medium-term swing or trend in prices)

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN