大勢

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See also: 大势

Chinese[edit]

 
big; great; huge; large; major; wide; deep; oldest; eldest; doctor
 
power; force; tendency; conditions; influence
trad. (大勢)
simp. (大势)

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

大勢

  1. general trend

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
おお
Grade: 1
ぜい
Grade: 5
yutōyomi

Likely a shift in reading of taizei below, adopting the native-Japanese kun'yomi of ō for the first character.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • The pitch accent pattern is 0 when used as an adverb.

Adverb[edit]

大勢(おおぜい) (ōzei (historical kana おほぜい)

  1. in a crowd, as a crowd
    ツーリストが(もん)(まえ)(おお)(ぜい)(あつ)まる
    tsūrisuto ga mon no mae ni ōzei atsumaru
    the tourists gather in a crowd in front of the gate

Noun[edit]

大勢(おおぜい) (ōzei (historical kana おほぜい)

  1. a crowd, a large number of people
    (おお)(ぜい)(まえ)(えん)(そう)する
    ōzei no mae de ensō suru
    to perform in front of a crowd
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
たい
Grade: 1
ぜい
Grade: 5
on’yomi

Shift in reading of taisei below. Ultimately from Middle Chinese 大勢 (MC dɑiH ɕiᴇiH). Uses the kan'yōon of zei for the second character, indicating a shift in pronunciation after borrowing.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

大勢(たいぜい) (taizei

  1. a crowd, a large number of people

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
たい
Grade: 1
せい
Grade: 5
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese 大勢 (MC dɑiH ɕiᴇiH). The kan'on, so likely the reading as borrowed from Chinese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

大勢(たいせい) (taisei

  1. the general trend or situation, the zeitgeist, the current of the times
    (たい)(せい)(したが)う、(たい)(せい)(さか)らう
    taisei ni shitagau, taisei ni sakarau
    to conform with the trend / go with the flow, to buck the trend / to swim against the current
  2. a major authority, influence, or power
  3. (business, stocks) a major swing or trend in prices lasting at least half the year
    see also 中勢 (chūsei, a medium-term swing or trend in prices)

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN