pose

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See also: posé, Pose, and pøse

English[edit]

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Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English pose, from Old English ġeposu pl (cold in the head; catarrh, literally (the) sneezes; (the) snorts), from Old English ġepos (sneeze, snort), from Proto-Germanic *pusą (sneeze, snort), from Proto-Germanic *pusōną, *pusjaną (to snort, blow), from Proto-Indo-European *bew- (to blow, swell). Compare Low German pusten (to blow, puff), German dialectal pfausen (to sneeze, snort), Norwegian dialectal pysa (to blow).

Noun[edit]

pose (plural poses)

  1. (archaic) Common cold, head cold; catarrh.
    • 1586, William Harrison, A Description of England
      Now [] have we many chimnies, and yet our tenderlings complain of rheums, catarrhs, and poses.
    • 1825, Robert Herrick, The poetical works of Robert Herrick:
      Megg yesterday was troubled with a pose, Which, this night hardned, sodders up her nose.
    • 1903, Thomas Heywood, Lucian (of Samosata.), Desiderius Erasmus, Pleasant Dialogues and Dramma's
      The Ague, Cough, the Pyony, the Pose. Aches within, and accidents without, [...]
    • 2009, Eucharius Rösslin, Thomas Raynalde, Elaine Hobby, The Birth of Mankind
      And whereas some say, that they which use oft washing of their heads shall be very prone to headache, that is not true, but only in such that, after they have been washed, roll up their hair (being yet wet) about their heads; the cold whereof is dangerous to bring them to catarrhs and poses, with other inconveniences.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English posen, from Old French poser (to put, place, stell, settle, lodge), from Vulgar Latin pausāre (to blin, cease, pause), from Latin pausa (pause), from Ancient Greek παῦσις (paûsis); influenced by Latin pōnere. Doublet of pause.

Verb[edit]

pose (third-person singular simple present poses, present participle posing, simple past and past participle posed)

A family posing for a photo
  1. (transitive) To place in an attitude or fixed position, for the sake of effect.
    To pose a model for a picture.
  2. (transitive) To ask; to set (a test, quiz, riddle, etc.).
  3. (transitive) To constitute (a danger, a threat, a risk, etc.).
    • 2010, Noam Chomsky, The Iranian threat, Z Magazine, vol 23, number 7:
      Rather, they are concerned with the threat Iran poses to the region and the world.
    • 2011 September 2, Phil McNulty, “Bulgaria 0-3 England”, in BBC[1]:
      Rooney's United team-mate Chris Smalling was given his debut at right-back and was able to adjust to the international stage in relatively relaxed fashion as Bulgaria barely posed a threat of any consequence.
    • 2014, Ian Black, "Courts kept busy as Jordan works to crush support for Isis", The Guardian, 27 November 2014:
      The threat the most radical of them pose is evidently far greater at home than abroad.
  4. (transitive, in the phrase "to pose as") To falsely impersonate (another person or occupation) primarily for the purpose of accomplishing something or reaching a goal.
  5. (intransitive) To assume or maintain a pose; to strike an attitude.
  6. (intransitive) To behave affectedly in order to attract interest or admiration.
    • 2002, Charles Hebbert, Dan Richardson, The Rough Guide to Budapest, 2nd edition, London: Rough Guides, →ISBN, page 73:
      dressed-to-kill babes and their sugar daddies would rather pose in malls, and teenagers can find McDonald's anywhere, leaving Váci utterly dependent on tourists for its livelihood and bustle.
  7. (obsolete, transitive) To interrogate; to question.
  8. (obsolete, transitive) To question with a view to puzzling; to embarrass by questioning or scrutiny; to bring to a stand.
    • (Can we date this quote by Barrow and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
      A question wherewith a learned Pharisee thought to pose and puzzle him.
Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

pose (plural poses)

  1. Position, posture, arrangement (especially of the human body).
    Please adopt a more graceful pose for my camera.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 5, in The Celebrity:
      Then came a maid with hand-bag and shawls, and after her a tall young lady. She stood for a moment holding her skirt above the grimy steps, with something of the stately pose which Richter has given his Queen Louise on the stairway, [] .
  2. Affectation.
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle English posen, a combination of aphetic forms of Middle English aposen and opposen. More at appose, oppose.

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

pose (third-person singular simple present poses, present participle posing, simple past and past participle posed)

  1. (obsolete) To ask (someone) questions; to interrogate.
    • 1526, William Tyndale (translator), Bible, Luke 2
      And hit fortuned that after .iii. dayes, they founde hym in the temple sittinge in the middes of the doctours, both hearynge them, and posinge them.
    • 1643, Thomas Browne, Religio Medici, I.9
      'Tis my solitary recreation to pose my apprehension with those involved Ænigmas and riddles of the Trinity, with Incarnation and Resurrection.
  2. (now rare) to puzzle, non-plus, or embarrass with difficult questions.
  3. (now rare) To perplex or confuse (someone).
Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Danish[edit]

Dette er en pose.
Dette er også en pose.

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse posi, from Proto-Germanic *pusô.

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): [ˈpʰoːsə]

Noun[edit]

pose

  1. bag

Usage notes[edit]

Do not fail to perceive the distinction between this, being a simple, one-room container open or openable in the top, and a taske.

Inflection[edit]

References[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French pose.

Pronunciation[edit]

Hyphenation: po‧se

Noun[edit]

pose f (plural posen or poses, diminutive posetje n)

  1. stance or pose

Anagrams[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Noun[edit]

pose

  1. (slang) jail

Declension[edit]

Inflection of pose (Kotus type 8/nalle, no gradation)
nominative pose poset
genitive posen posejen
partitive posea poseja
illative poseen poseihin
singular plural
nominative pose poset
accusative nom. pose poset
gen. posen
genitive posen posejen
poseinrare
partitive posea poseja
inessive posessa poseissa
elative posesta poseista
illative poseen poseihin
adessive posella poseilla
ablative poselta poseilta
allative poselle poseille
essive posena poseina
translative poseksi poseiksi
instructive posein
abessive posetta poseitta
comitative poseineen
Possessive forms of pose (type nalle)
possessor singular plural
1st person poseni posemme
2nd person posesi posenne
3rd person posensa

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Derived from the verb poser. Compare also Italian posa, Latin pausa.

Noun[edit]

pose f (plural poses)

  1. installation

Noun[edit]

pose m (plural poses)

  1. extension (in telecommunications)

Verb[edit]

pose

  1. first-person singular present indicative of poser
  2. third-person singular present indicative of poser
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of poser
  4. third-person singular present subjunctive of poser
  5. second-person singular imperative of poser

Further reading[edit]


Ido[edit]

Adverb[edit]

pose

  1. afterwards

Italian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

pose

  1. third-person singular past historic of porre

Anagrams[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse posi

Noun[edit]

pose m (definite singular posen, indefinite plural poser, definite plural posene)

  1. bag, sack

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse posi.

Noun[edit]

pose m (definite singular posen, indefinite plural posar, definite plural posane)

  1. a bag or sack

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Verb[edit]

pose

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of posar.
  2. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of posar.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of posar.
  4. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of posar.