peso

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See also: Peso, pesó, pesò, and pêso

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish peso.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈpeɪsəʊ/
  • (PH) IPA(key): /ˈpɛsoʊ/, [ˈpɛso]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: (UK) -eɪsəʊ, (PH) -ɛsoʊ

Noun[edit]

peso (plural pesos)

  1. (historical) A former unit of currency in Spain and Spain's colonies, worth 8 reales; the Spanish dollar.
  2. The circulating currency of various Spanish-speaking American countries (Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Mexico, and Uruguay) and the Philippines.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

peso

  1. first-person singular present indicative of pesar

Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish peso.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

peso n

  1. peso (any of multiple currencies)

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • peso in Kartotéka Novočeského lexikálního archivu
  • peso in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
  • peso in Internetová jazyková příručka

Eastern Huasteca Nahuatl[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish peso.

Noun[edit]

peso

  1. (mexican) peso

Esperanto[edit]

Esperanto Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia eo

Etymology[edit]

From Spanish peso.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈpeso]
  • Rhymes: -eso
  • Hyphenation: pe‧so

Noun[edit]

peso (accusative singular peson, plural pesoj, accusative plural pesojn)

  1. (numismatics) peso

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish peso.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpeso/, [ˈpe̞s̠o̞]
  • Rhymes: -eso
  • Syllabification(key): pe‧so

Noun[edit]

peso

  1. peso (currency; coin or note of one peso)

Declension[edit]

Inflection of peso (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
nominative peso pesot
genitive peson pesojen
partitive pesoa pesoja
illative pesoon pesoihin
singular plural
nominative peso pesot
accusative nom. peso pesot
gen. peson
genitive peson pesojen
partitive pesoa pesoja
inessive pesossa pesoissa
elative pesosta pesoista
illative pesoon pesoihin
adessive pesolla pesoilla
ablative pesolta pesoilta
allative pesolle pesoille
essive pesona pesoina
translative pesoksi pesoiksi
abessive pesotta pesoitta
instructive pesoin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of peso (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative pesoni pesoni
accusative nom. pesoni pesoni
gen. pesoni
genitive pesoni pesojeni
partitive pesoani pesojani
inessive pesossani pesoissani
elative pesostani pesoistani
illative pesooni pesoihini
adessive pesollani pesoillani
ablative pesoltani pesoiltani
allative pesolleni pesoilleni
essive pesonani pesoinani
translative pesokseni pesoikseni
abessive pesottani pesoittani
instructive
comitative pesoineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative pesosi pesosi
accusative nom. pesosi pesosi
gen. pesosi
genitive pesosi pesojesi
partitive pesoasi pesojasi
inessive pesossasi pesoissasi
elative pesostasi pesoistasi
illative pesoosi pesoihisi
adessive pesollasi pesoillasi
ablative pesoltasi pesoiltasi
allative pesollesi pesoillesi
essive pesonasi pesoinasi
translative pesoksesi pesoiksesi
abessive pesottasi pesoittasi
instructive
comitative pesoinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative pesomme pesomme
accusative nom. pesomme pesomme
gen. pesomme
genitive pesomme pesojemme
partitive pesoamme pesojamme
inessive pesossamme pesoissamme
elative pesostamme pesoistamme
illative pesoomme pesoihimme
adessive pesollamme pesoillamme
ablative pesoltamme pesoiltamme
allative pesollemme pesoillemme
essive pesonamme pesoinamme
translative pesoksemme pesoiksemme
abessive pesottamme pesoittamme
instructive
comitative pesoinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative pesonne pesonne
accusative nom. pesonne pesonne
gen. pesonne
genitive pesonne pesojenne
partitive pesoanne pesojanne
inessive pesossanne pesoissanne
elative pesostanne pesoistanne
illative pesoonne pesoihinne
adessive pesollanne pesoillanne
ablative pesoltanne pesoiltanne
allative pesollenne pesoillenne
essive pesonanne pesoinanne
translative pesoksenne pesoiksenne
abessive pesottanne pesoittanne
instructive
comitative pesoinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative pesonsa pesonsa
accusative nom. pesonsa pesonsa
gen. pesonsa
genitive pesonsa pesojensa
partitive pesoaan
pesoansa
pesojaan
pesojansa
inessive pesossaan
pesossansa
pesoissaan
pesoissansa
elative pesostaan
pesostansa
pesoistaan
pesoistansa
illative pesoonsa pesoihinsa
adessive pesollaan
pesollansa
pesoillaan
pesoillansa
ablative pesoltaan
pesoltansa
pesoiltaan
pesoiltansa
allative pesolleen
pesollensa
pesoilleen
pesoillensa
essive pesonaan
pesonansa
pesoinaan
pesoinansa
translative pesokseen
pesoksensa
pesoikseen
pesoiksensa
abessive pesottaan
pesottansa
pesoittaan
pesoittansa
instructive
comitative pesoineen
pesoinensa

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

French[edit]

Noun[edit]

peso m (plural pesos)

  1. peso

Further reading[edit]

Galician[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Galician-Portuguese peso, from Vulgar Latin *pēsum, from Latin pēnsum.

Noun[edit]

peso m (plural pesos)

  1. weight
  2. peso (unit of currency)
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

peso

  1. first-person singular present indicative of pesar

Italian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Vulgar Latin *pēsum, from Latin pēnsum.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpe.zo/, (traditional) /ˈpe.so/[1]
  • Rhymes: -ezo, (traditional) -eso
  • Hyphenation: pé‧so

Noun[edit]

peso m (plural pesi)

  1. weight
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Deverbal from pesare +‎ -o.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpe.zo/, (traditional) /ˈpe.so/[1]
  • Rhymes: -ezo, (traditional) -eso
  • Hyphenation: pé‧so

Adjective[edit]

peso (feminine pesa, masculine plural pesi, feminine plural pese)

  1. (informal, Tuscan) heavy
  2. (informal, Tuscan, figurative) oppressive

Etymology 3[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpe.zo/, (traditional) /ˈpe.so/[1]
  • Rhymes: -ezo, (traditional) -eso
  • Hyphenation: pé‧so

Verb[edit]

peso

  1. first-person singular present indicative of pesare

Etymology 4[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish peso.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

peso m (plural pesos)

  1. peso

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 peso in Luciano Canepari, Dizionario di Pronuncia Italiana (DiPI)

Anagrams[edit]

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Etymology[edit]

From Latin pensum, via English peso and Spanish peso.

Noun[edit]

peso m (definite singular pesoen, indefinite plural peso or pesos, definite plural pesoene)

  1. a peso (currency unit of several Latin American countries, as well as the Philippines)

References[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin pensum, via English peso and Spanish peso.

Noun[edit]

peso m (definite singular pesoen, indefinite plural peso or pesos, definite plural pesoane)

  1. a peso (currency unit, as above)

References[edit]

Old Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Vulgar Latin *pēsum, from Latin pēnsum, from pendō (I weigh).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

peso m (plural pesos)

  1. weight
    • c. 1250, Alfonso X, Lapidario, page 53r.:
      Et a tal uertud que ſi la ponẽ ſobre mill peſos de pez faz los feruir por ſu p̃p̃dat biẽ como si estudieſſen a fuego.
      And its virtue it such that if it is put over a thousand weights of pitch it lights them due to its property, as if they were on fire.
    • c. 1250, Alfonso X, Lapidario, page 79r.:
      La ſegunda es q̃ ſi beuiere om̃e della peſo duna dragma purga melanconia temprada miente ⁊ bien.
      The second is that if one were to drink of it the weight of one drachma, it purges black bile soon and well.

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Spanish: peso

Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish peso, from Old Spanish peso, from Vulgar Latin *pēsum, from Latin pēnsum, from pendō.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

peso n (indeclinable)

  1. peso (designation for specific currency)

Further reading[edit]

  • peso in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • peso in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Galician-Portuguese peso, from Vulgar Latin *pēsum, from Latin pēnsum, from the verb penso (to weigh).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Porto) IPA(key): /ˈp(j)e.zu/
  • Hyphenation: pe‧so

Noun[edit]

peso m (plural pesos)

  1. weight (force on an object due to the gravitational attraction)
  2. heaviness (the condition of being heavy)
  3. weight (object used for its heaviness)
    1. (weightlifting) weight (heavy object lifted for strength training)
    2. (athletics) shot (heavy ball thrown in shot put)
  4. (figurative) weight (importance or influence)
  5. (figurative) emotional pressure
  6. (sports) weight class (subdivision of a competition based on the competitors’ weight)
  7. (mathematics) weight (value that multiplies a variable)
  8. (typography) weight; boldness (thickness of a character’s strokes)
Quotations[edit]

For quotations using this term, see Citations:peso.

Synonyms[edit]
Antonyms[edit]
  • (antonym(s) of "heaviness"): leveza
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: pe‧so

Verb[edit]

peso

  1. first-person singular present indicative of pesar

Etymology 3[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish peso.

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /ˈpe.zu/, /ˈpe.su/, /ˈpe.so/
    • (Southern Brazil) IPA(key): /ˈpe.zo/, /ˈpe.so/

Noun[edit]

peso m (plural pesos)

  1. peso (currency unit of Argentina, Chile, Mexico and the Philippines)

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish peso.

Noun[edit]

peso m (plural peso)

  1. peso

Declension[edit]

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpeso/ [ˈpe.so]
  • Audio (Peru):(file)
  • Rhymes: -eso
  • Syllabification: pe‧so

Etymology 1[edit]

Inherited from Old Spanish peso, from Vulgar Latin *pēsum, from Latin pēnsum, from pendō (to weigh). Doublet of the semi-learned pienso.

Noun[edit]

peso m (plural pesos)

  1. (physics) weight (the force on an object due to gravitational attraction)
  2. weight (a block of metal used in a balance)
  3. weight class
  4. peso (unit of currency)
  5. weight (importance or influence)
  6. weight, burden, load, brunt (pressure)
  7. scales, scale (device used to measure weight)
    Synonyms: báscula, balanza
Hyponyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

peso

  1. first-person singular present indicative of pesar

Further reading[edit]

Tagalog[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: pe‧so
  • IPA(key): /ˈpeso/, [ˈpɛ.so]

Noun[edit]

peso (Baybayin spelling ᜉᜒᜐᜓ)

  1. Alternative form of piso