pendo

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See also: pendò

Italian[edit]

Verb[edit]

pendo

  1. first-person singular present indicative of pendere

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *pendō, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)pend- ‎(to pull; to spin).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

pendō ‎(present infinitive pendere, perfect active pependī, supine pensum); third conjugation

  1. I suspend, hang.
  2. I weigh, weigh out.
  3. I pay.
    • 100 BCE – 44 BCE, Julius Caesar, Commentarii de Bello Gallico 1.44
      Si iterum experiri velint, se iterum paratum esse decertare; si pace uti velint, iniquum esse de stipendio recusare, quod sua voluntate ad id tempus pependerint.
      If they chose to make a second trial, he was ready to encounter them again; but if they chose to enjoy peace, it was unfair to refuse the tribute, which of their own free-will they had paid up to that time.
  4. (figuratively) I consider, ponder.

Inflection[edit]

   Conjugation of pendo (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present pendō pendis pendit pendimus penditis pendunt
imperfect pendēbam pendēbās pendēbat pendēbāmus pendēbātis pendēbant
future pendam pendēs pendet pendēmus pendētis pendent
perfect pependī pependistī pependit pependimus pependistis pependērunt, pependēre
pluperfect pependeram pependerās pependerat pependerāmus pependerātis pependerant
future perfect pependerō pependeris pependerit pependerimus pependeritis pependerint
passive present pendor penderis, pendere penditur pendimur pendiminī penduntur
imperfect pendēbar pendēbāris, pendēbāre pendēbātur pendēbāmur pendēbāminī pendēbantur
future pendar pendēris, pendēre pendētur pendēmur pendēminī pendentur
perfect pensus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect pensus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect pensus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present pendam pendās pendat pendāmus pendātis pendant
imperfect penderem penderēs penderet penderēmus penderētis penderent
perfect pependerim pependerīs pependerit pependerīmus pependerītis pependerint
pluperfect pependissem pependissēs pependisset pependissēmus pependissētis pependissent
passive present pendar pendāris, pendāre pendātur pendāmur pendāminī pendantur
imperfect penderer penderēris, penderēre penderētur penderēmur penderēminī penderentur
perfect pensus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect pensus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present pende pendite
future penditō penditō penditōte penduntō
passive present pendere pendiminī
future penditor penditor penduntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives pendere pependisse pensūrus esse pendī pensus esse pensum īrī
participles pendēns pensūrus pensus pendendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
pendere pendendī pendendō pendendum pensum pensū

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • pendo” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.
  • pendo” in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) important results are often produced by trivial causes: ex parvis saepe magnarum rerum momenta pendent
    • (ambiguous) to pay taxes: vectigalia, tributa pendere
    • (ambiguous) to be punished by some one (on account of a thing): poenas alicui pendere (alicuius rei)

Lojban[edit]

Etymology[edit]

In Lojbanized spelling.

Pronunciation[edit]

Gismu[edit]

pendo ‎(rafsi ped or pe'o)

  1. friend; x1 is/acts as a friend of/to x2 (experiencer); x2 befriends x1.

See also[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Verb[edit]

pendo

  1. first-person singular present indicative of pender

Spanish[edit]

Verb[edit]

pendo

  1. First-person singular (yo) present indicative form of pender.

Swahili[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

pendo ‎(invariable, class 14)

  1. Alternative form of upendo