pendent

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

English[edit]

This arch is stable as it stands, but all the voussoirs are pendent (3) and removal of any one of them would cause the structure to collapse
Pendent (3) structure in architecture: Binondo Church Dome with its pendentives

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English pendaunt, Anglo-Norman pendaunt, pendant, respelled to reflect Latin pendēns, pendentis, present participle of pendere (to hang, to be suspended). Compare pendant, which retained the spelling.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

pendent (comparative more pendent, superlative most pendent)

  1. Dangling, drooping, hanging down or suspended.
    • 1667, John Milton, “Book IX”, in Paradise Lost. [], London: [] [Samuel Simmons], [], OCLC 228722708; republished as Paradise Lost in Ten Books: [], London: Basil Montagu Pickering [], 1873, OCLC 230729554, lines 312–314:
      Now had they brought the work by wondrous Art / Pontifical, a ridge of pendent Rock / Over the vext Abyſs, []
    • 1818, John Keats, “Book III”, in Endymion: A Poetic Romance, London: [] [T. Miller] for Taylor and Hessey, [], OCLC 1467112, lines 932–935, page 149:
      Nectar ran / In courteous fountains to all cups outreach'd; / And plunder'd vines, teeming exhaustless, pleach'd / New growth about each shell and pendent lyre; []
    • 1936, Djuna Barnes, Nightwood, Faber & Faber 2007, p. 71:
      The doctor's head [...] was framed in the golden semi-circle of a wig with long pendent curls that touched his shoulders []
    • 1986, Bryant W Rossiter, Roger C Baetzold, Investigations of Surfaces and Interfaces
      An interesting development has been the analysis of the image of a pendent drop by a video digitizer.
  2. Pending in various senses.
  3. (architecture, of a structure) Either hanging in some sense, or constructed of multiple elements such as the voussoirs of an arch or the pendentives of a dome, none of which can stand on its own, but which in combination are stable.
  4. (grammar, of a sentence) Incomplete in some sense, such as lacking a finite verb.
  5. (obsolete) Projecting over something; overhanging.

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

pendent (plural pendents)

  1. Alternative spelling of pendant

References[edit]

  1. ^ Douglas Harper (2001–2022), “pendent”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin pendēns.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

pendent (masculine and feminine plural pendents)

  1. pending, unresolved; waiting on
  2. sloped, sloping, inclined

Noun[edit]

pendent m (plural pendents)

  1. slope, incline

Further reading[edit]


French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /pɑ̃d/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɑ̃d

Verb[edit]

pendent

  1. third-person plural present indicative/subjunctive of pendre

Latin[edit]

Verb[edit]

pendent

  1. third-person plural future active indicative of pendō
  2. third-person plural present active indicative of pendeō

Occitan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Preposition[edit]

pendent

  1. during
    Synonym: durant

Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French pendant.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pendent m inan

  1. baldric

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • pendent in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • pendent in Polish dictionaries at PWN