# slope

## English

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### Noun

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

slope (countable and uncountable, plural slopes)

1. An area of ground that tends evenly upward or downward.
I had to climb a small slope to get to the site.
a steep slope
2. The degree to which a surface tends upward or downward.
The road has a very sharp downward slope at that point.
3. (mathematics, of a line, with respect to a fixed coordinate system) The ratio of the vertical and horizontal distances between two points lying on the line.
The slope of this line is 0.5
4. (mathematics, of a curve at a given point; sometimes proscribed, see Usage notes) The slope of the line tangent to the curve at the given point.
The slope of a parabola increases linearly with x.
5. The angle a roof surface makes with the horizontal, expressed as a ratio of the units of vertical rise to the units of horizontal length (sometimes referred to as run).
The slope of an asphalt shingle roof system should be 4:12 or greater.
6. () A person of Chinese or other East Asian descent.

#### Usage notes

• In mathematical contexts, lines that are vertical (with respect to a given coordinate system) are said to either have infinite slope, or to have their slope undefined.
• While common in pre-university level mathematics and in introductory calculus, the use of slope to refer to the slope of a tangent line of a curve is proscribed in higher mathematics, where application is restricted to lines.

### Verb

slope (third-person singular simple present slopes, present participle sloping, simple past and past participle sloped)

1. To tend steadily upward or downward.
The road slopes sharply down at that point.
• 1918, W[illiam] B[abington] Maxwell, chapter XXIII, in The Mirror and the Lamp, Indianapolis, Ind.: The Bobbs-Merrill Company, →OCLC:
If the afternoon was fine they strolled together in the park, very slowly, and with pauses to draw breath wherever the ground sloped upward. The slightest effort made the patient cough.
• 1946 July and August, K. Westcott Jones, “Isle of Wight Central Railway—2”, in Railway Magazine, page 244:
St. Lawrence Station is very prettily situated, high cliffs on the left, and the lush vegetation of the Undercliff sloping down to the sea on the right.
2. To form with a slope; to give an oblique or slanting direction to; to incline or slant.
to slope the ground in a garden;   to slope a piece of cloth in cutting a garment
3. (UK, colloquial, usually followed by a preposition) To try to move surreptitiously.
I sloped in through the back door, hoping my boss wouldn't see me.
4. (military) To hold a rifle at a slope with forearm perpendicular to the body in front holding the butt, the rifle resting on the shoulder.
The order was given to "slope arms".

noun and verb

#### Translations

slope (comparative more slope, superlative most slope)

1. (obsolete) Sloping.
• 1625, Francis [Bacon], “Of Gardens”, in The Essayes [], 3rd edition, London: [] Iohn Haviland for Hanna Barret, →OCLC:
A bank not steep, but gently slope.
• 1667, John Milton, “Book IV”, in Paradise Lost. [], London: [] [Samuel Simmons], and are to be sold by Peter Parker []; [a]nd by Robert Boulter []; [a]nd Matthias Walker, [], →OCLC; republished as Paradise Lost in Ten Books: [], London: Basil Montagu Pickering [], 1873, →OCLC:
Down the slope hills.

slope (comparative more slope, superlative most slope)

1. (obsolete) slopingly
• 1667, John Milton, “(please specify the page number)”, in Paradise Lost. [], London: [] [Samuel Simmons], and are to be sold by Peter Parker []; [a]nd by Robert Boulter []; [a]nd Matthias Walker, [], →OCLC; republished as Paradise Lost in Ten Books: [], London: Basil Montagu Pickering [], 1873, →OCLC:
So promis'd he; and Uriel to his charge
Return'd on that bright beam , whose point now rais'd ,
Bore him slope downward to the sun

## Dutch

### Pronunciation

•  Audio: (file)

slope