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(index te)


From Proto-Finnic *tektäk, from Proto-Finno-Ugric *teke-, which is a cognate or borrowing from Proto-Indo-European *dʰeh₁- (to put, place, do, make).

Finno-Ugric cognates include Estonian tegema, Northern Sámi dahkat, and Hungarian tesz.

Indo-European cognates include Ancient Greek τίθημι (títhēmi), Sanskrit दधाति (dádhāti), Old English dōn (English do), Latin faciō (French faire, Spanish hacer), Old Irish dorat (Irish déan), Old Church Slavonic дѣти (děti).


  • Hyphenation: teh‧dä
  • IPA(key): /ˈteɦdæ(ʔ)/



  1. (transitive) to do, perform, execute
    Mitä sinä teet?
    What are you doing?
    Meidän täytyy tehdä biopsia selvittääksemme oireiden syyn.
    We need to perform a biopsy in order to find out the cause of the symptoms.
  2. (transitive) to make, manufacture
    Tein äidilleni kakun.
    I made a cake for my mom.
  3. (transitive) to commit, perpetrate, carry out, conduct (to do, as a crime, sin, or fault)
    ~ itsemurha ― to commit suicide
    ~ rikos ― to commit a crime, perpetrate an offense
    ~ virhe ― to commit a mistake, make an error
    ~ koe, ~ testi ― to carry out, conduct a test
    tehdä huorin ― to commit adultery
  4. (transitive) to make, render (somebody: accusative, adjective: translative or somebody: elative, noun: accusative)
    (with translative adjective describing the end result) Hän teki minut iloiseksi.
    She made me happy.
    (with an elative noun describing the end result) He tekivät minusta presidentin.
    They made me President.
  5. (transitive) to make, cost (said often by the salesperson to the customer)
    Se tekee viisikymmentäyhdeksän euroa.
    That makes fifty-nine euros.


Usage notes[edit]

(To make/render): The structure elative + accusative can sometimes be used also when describing the end result with an adjective, but the structure accusative + translative may very often not sound fluent when describing the end result with a noun. This distinction is very established and to make sure that the language used sounds fluent, it is preferable to stick to it although there is sometimes some fluctuation when describing the result with an adjective.


Derived terms[edit]