From Middle English staunce (“place to stand; battle station; position; standing in society; circumstance, situation; stanchion”), from Old French estance (“predicament; situation; sojourn, stay”) (compare modern French stance (“stanza; position one stands in when golfing”)), from Italian stanza (“room, standing place; stanza”), from Latin stāns (“standing; remaining, staying”), from Latin stō (“to stand; to remain, stay”), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *steh₂- (“to stand (up)”). The word is cognate with Spanish estante (“shelf”).
The verb is derived from the noun.
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /stɑːns/, /stæns/
- Rhymes: -ɑːns
- (General American) IPA(key): /stæns/
Audio (AU) (file)
- Rhymes: -æns
stance (plural stances)
- The manner, pose, or posture in which one stands.
- The fencer’s stance showed he was ready to begin.
- 2006, Mark Mumenthaler; Heinrich Mattle, “The Neurological Examination”, in Ethan Taub, transl., Fundamentals of Neurology: An Illustrated Guide, Stuttgart; New York, N.Y.: Georg Thieme Verlag, →ISBN, page 13, column 1:
- Stance and gait are best examined with the patient barefoot; meaningful findings can be obtained only if the patient has enough room to walk in. The testing of stance and gait often provides important clues to the type of disease process that is present.
- 2010 May, Gar Ryness [i.e., George A. Ryness IV]; Caleb Dewart, “Cal Ripken Jr.”, in Batting Stance Guy: A Love Letter to Baseball, 1st Scribner trade paperback edition, Scribner, →ISBN, page 71:
- Peter Gammons told me Yaz switched his stance every year, but Cal [Ripken Jr.]'s brother Billy [Ripken] said Cal switched his stance midseason, midgame, even mid-at-bat. […] The most beloved and memorable of the Ripken stances was "the Violin." Cal would bend his knees and slightly open his stance to face the pitcher. He would rest the bat on his shoulder while thrusting the bat knob back and forth toward the strike zone. This movement was widely considered Cal's batting masterpiece.
- One's opinion or point of view.
- 2012 April 23, Angelique Chrisafis, “François Hollande on top but far right scores record result in French election”, in The Guardian, London, archived from the original on 15 September 2017:
- His [François Hollande's] stance as being against the world of finance and his proposal of a 75% tax on incomes over €1m (£817,000) was approved by a majority in polls. He was convinced that his more measured, if ploddingly serious, style would win out with an electorate tired of [Nicolas] Sarkozy's bling and frenetic policy initiatives.
- A place to stand; a position, a site, a station.
- 1810, Walter Scott, “Canto IV. The Prophecy.”, in The Lady of the Lake; a Poem, Edinburgh: […] [James Ballantyne and Co.] for John Ballantyne and Co.; London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, and Orme, and William Miller, OCLC 6632529, stanza VIII, pages 152–153:
- No! sooner may the Saxon lance / Unfix Benledi from his stance, / Than doubt or terror can pierce through / The unyielding heart of Robert Dhu; […]
- 1815, Walter Scott, The Field of Waterloo; a Poem, Edinburgh: […] James Ballantyne & Co. for Archibald Constable and Co. […]; London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown, and John Murray, OCLC 2786541, stanza XIII, page 25:
- The British host had stood / That morn 'gainst charge of sword and lance / As their own ocean-rocks hold stance, / But when thy voice had said, "Advance!" / They were their ocean's flood.— […]
- (specifically, climbing) A foothold or ledge on which to set up a belay.
- 2004, Mark Houston; Kathy Cosley, “Snow and Ice”, in Alpine Climbing: Techniques to Take You Higher, Seattle, Wash.: The Mountaineers Books, →ISBN, page 225, column 2:
- In a harness belay, the stance itself is the belayer's first line of defense, reducing the load the anchor must hold. The anchor in this case serves as little more than a backup (albeit a critical one) to the stance.
- 2014 July 18, Thomas Kublak, “Problems when Rappelling”, in Mountaineering Methodology: Part III: Belaying and Rappelling, [s.l.]: Tomas Kublak, MMPublishing, →ISBN, page 180, column 2:
- There is always the option of clambering up slightly higher and building a new belay station (stance), take in the rope for a fellow climber, once again clamber up higher and once again build a new, higher stance … and so on until the rope reaches the stop where the upper end of the rope has become caught in the rock.
- (Scotland) A place for buses or taxis to await passengers; a bus stop, a taxi rank.
- Synonym: stand
- 1867, “Stances”, in Bye-laws for the Hackney Carriages of Edinburgh, Edinburgh: Printed by Ballantyne & Company, OCLC 499712863, pages 11–12:
- The number of Carriages at each of the Stances or divisions of Stances, and the spaces to be occupied, shall be fixed from time to time as may be found necessary. In the event of any New Stance being appointed during the currency of these Regulations, if said Stance shall be within half a mile of the nearest fixed Stance, the Fares from said New Stance shall be the same as from the Stance nearest to it.
- (Scotland) A place where a fair or market is held; a location where a street trader can carry on business.
- Synonym: stand
- 1877 June 15, reported by Middleton Rettie [et al.], “Glasgow Royal Infirmary, Respondents (Pursuers).—R. V. Campbell. Rev. Alexander Wylie and Others (Trustees of Bath Street Baptist Church, Glasgow), Appellants (Defenders).—Balfour—Alison.”, in Cases Decided in the Court of Session, Court of Justiciary, and House of Lords, […], volume IV (Fourth Series), Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, law booksellers: London: Stevens & Sons, OCLC 149775892, page 894:
- To the action by the proprietor of a tenement in burgh against the proprietor of the adjoining stance to recover one-half the cost of a mutual gable, of which the defender had taken the use, it was pleaded in defence (1) that the mutual gable having been erected by the common author of the parties no claim arose to the proprietor of one stance against the proprietor of the other; […]
- (obsolete, rare) A stanza.
- , Geo[rge] Chapman, The Memorable Maske of the Two Honorable Houses or Innes of Court; the Middle Temple, and Lyncolns Inne. […], London: Printed by G[eorge] Eld for George Norton […], OCLC 1002877766; republished in Richard Herne Shepherd, The Comedies and Tragedies of George Chapman […] in Three Volumes, volume III, London: John Pearson […], 1873, OCLC 1064225262, page 114:
- Other Muſique, and voyces; and this ſecond Stance was ſung, directing their obſeruance to the King. […] This ended the Phœbades ſung the third Stance.
- (transitive, Scotland) To place, to position, to station; (specifically) to put (cattle) into an enclosure or pen in preparation for sale.
- 1776, “Sheriff-Muir”, in [David Herd], editor, Ancient and Modern Scottish Songs, Heroic Ballads, etc. […] In Two Volumes, volume I, 2nd edition, Edinburgh: Printed by John Wotherspoon, for James Dickson and Charles Elliott, OCLC 731529190, pages 107–108:
- Rob Roy ſtood watch / On a hill for to catch / The booty for ought that I ſa', man, / For he ne'er advanced, / From the place he was ſtanc'd, / 'Till no more to do there at a' man, […]
- ^ “staunce, n.(2)”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 30 September 2018.
- ^ “stance, n.2”, in OED Online , Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, 1915; “stance”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–2022.
- ^ “stance, v.”, in OED Online , Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, 1915.
- stance (disambiguation) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
- stance in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911
- stance in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913