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U+8005, 者
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8005

[U+8004]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8006]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
者-order.gif
Stroke order
者-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 125 +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 十大日 (JKA), four-corner 44600, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 961, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 28852
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1409, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2780, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+8005

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*rtaːʔ, *rtaː
*tjaː, *tja
*tjaːʔ
*tjaːʔ, *taːʔ
*tjaːʔ
*l̥ʰjaːʔ
*tʰjaːʔ
*djaː, *taː
*hljaː
*toːlʔ
*taː
*taː
*taːʔ
*taːʔ
*taːʔ
*taːʔ
*taːʔ
*taːʔ, *tʰaʔ
*daː, *da
*daː
*daː
*daː
*ljaʔ
*ta
*ta
*ta
*ta, *da
*ta
*taʔ, *tʰaʔ
*taʔ, *tas, *da, *taɡ, *daɡ
*tas, *das
*da
*da
*tja
*tja, *djas
*tja
*tjaʔ
*tjaʔ
*tjaʔ
*tjaʔ
*tjas
*djas
*djas
*djas
*hlja
*hjaʔ
*taɡ
*taɡ
*taɡ

Pictogram (象形) – the original character for either (OC *tjaʔ, “to boil”) or (OC *tjaːɡs, “sugarcane”). Phonetically loaned for abstract meanings.

Top is unrelated to and , thus in some forms (notably the form used in the Kangxi Dictionary) there is an added dot to distinguish from these others, but this is not present traditionally.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (23)
Final () (100)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕiaX/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕiaX/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕiaX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ciaX/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕiaX/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕĭaX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕi̯aX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhě
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhě
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyæX ›
Old
Chinese
/*tAʔ/
English (nominalizing particle)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16960
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tjaːʔ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. used at the end of a command
  2. used after a term, to mark a pause before defining the term
  3. (literary or regional) this
  4. (agent suffix) -er; -ist; one who ...; person involved in; the things which ...
    /   ―  zhě  ―  journalist
    工作  ―  gōngzuòzhě  ―  worker
  5. used after a number, (hòu), or (qián) to refer to something mentioned previously
      ―  qiánzhě  ―  the former
    /   ―  hòuzhě  ―  the latter

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana もの, romaji mono)

  1. person

See also[edit]

Suffix[edit]

‎(hiragana しゃ, romaji -sha)

  1. someone of that type, someone who does that

Derived terms[edit]


See also[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ja) (hangeul , revised ja, McCune-Reischauer cha, Yale ca)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(giả, trả, )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.