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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  +  ‎(together)

Han character[edit]

(radical 70 +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 卜尸人竹女 (YSOHV), four-corner 08232)

  1. trip, journey
  2. travel
  3. traveler, traveller
  4. 56th hexagram of the I Ching

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 483, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13644
  • Dae Jaweon: page 845, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2178, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+65C5

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (37)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/lɨʌX/ /li̯woX/ /liɔX/ /liɔX/ /lɨə̆X/ /lĭoX/ /liɔX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ ljoX › /*[r]aʔ/ military unit of 500 men; to go

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
8600 0 /*ɡ·raʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (military) brigade

Usage notes[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. trip
  2. travel

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
りょ
Grade: 3
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(ljoX, a military unit of 500 men; to go [on a sortie; on a trip or journey]).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana りょ, romaji ryo)

  1. in ancient China, a military unit of 500 soldiers
  2. one of the I Ching hexagrams: sojourning (I Ching hexagram interpretation on Wikipedia here)

Prefix[edit]

‎(hiragana りょ, romaji ryo-)

  1. a trip, a journey, travel
Usage notes[edit]

The prefix usage only ever appears in kanji compounds.

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
たび
Grade: 3
kun'yomi

/tabi1//tabi/

From Old Japanese.[1] Appears in the Man'yōshū, completed no earlier than 759 and one of the oldest extant texts in the Japanese language.

May be cognate with ‎(tabi, the time when something happens); both terms have the same pitch accent, the same ancient vowel values, and some semantic overlap.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana たび, romaji tabi)

  1. a journey; travel
    • 1694, 松尾芭蕉 Matsuo Bashō
       (たび) ()んで (ゆめ)枯野 (かれの)をかけ (めぐ)る。
      Tabi ni yande yume wa kareno o kakemeguru.
      Anxious to go journeying, my dreams run through the desolate fields.
      不思議 (ふしぎ) (たび) (はじ)まるぜ!
      Fushigi na tabi ga hajimaru ze!
      A strange journey is about to begin!
  2. (archaic) a temporary time spent in a place
  3. (more specifically) a place where a 神輿 ‎(mikoshi, portable shrine) spends a temporary time outside of the 本宮 ‎(hongū, main shrine building) during a 祭り ‎(matsuri, festival)

Verb[edit]

する ‎(intransitive, hiragana たびする, romaji tabi suru)

  1. to travel, to go on a journey or trip
Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ryeo, yeo) (hangeul , , revised ryeo, yeo, McCune-Reischauer ryŏ, yŏ, Yale lye, ye)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(lữ)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.