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U+5922, 夢
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5922

[U+5921]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5923]
See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Shinjitai
Simplified
Traditional

Han character[edit]

(radical 36 +11, 14 strokes, cangjie input 廿田中弓 (TWLN), four-corner 44207, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 247, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5801
  • Dae Jaweon: page 492, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 864, character 19
  • Unihan data for U+5922

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*maːŋ
*mɯːŋ, *mɯŋ, *mɯŋs
*mɯːŋs, *mɯːŋ, *mɯŋ
*mɯːŋs, *mɯːŋʔ
*mrɯːŋ
*hmɯːŋ
*mɯŋ, *mɯŋs
*mɯŋs

Oracle bone script: Pictogram (象形) – a person lying on a bed, with restless hands.

Shuowen: Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *mɯŋ, *mɯŋs): phonetic (OC *mɯːŋ, *mɯŋ, *mɯŋs) + semantic .

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • bāng - vernacular;
  • bōng - literary.
Note:
  • 3maan - vernacular;
  • 3mon - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /məŋ⁵¹/
Harbin /məŋ⁵³/
Tianjin /məŋ⁵³/
Jinan /məŋ²¹/
Qingdao /fəŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /məŋ³¹²/
Xi'an /məŋ⁴⁴/
Xining /mə̃²¹³/
Yinchuan /məŋ¹³/
Lanzhou /mə̃n¹³/
Ürümqi /mɤŋ²¹³/
Wuhan /moŋ³⁵/
Chengdu /moŋ¹³/
Guiyang /moŋ²¹³/
Kunming /moŋ²¹²/
Nanjing /mən⁴⁴/
Hefei /məŋ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /məŋ⁴⁵/
Pingyao /məŋ³⁵/
Hohhot /mə̃ŋ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /mɑ̃²³/
/moŋ²³/
Suzhou /moŋ³¹/
Hangzhou /moŋ¹³/
Wenzhou /moŋ²²/
Hui Shexian /mʌ̃²²/
Tunxi /man¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /moŋ⁵⁵/
/moŋ¹¹/
Xiangtan /mən²¹/
Gan Nanchang /muŋ²¹/
Hakka Meixian /mu⁵³/
Taoyuan /muŋ⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /moŋ²²/
Nanning /muŋ²²/
Hong Kong /muŋ²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /bɔŋ²²/
/baŋ²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /mɔyŋ²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /mɔŋ⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /maŋ³¹/
Haikou (Min Nan) /moŋ³⁵/
/maŋ²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (4) (4)
Final () (2) (2)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mɨuŋ/ /mɨuŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/miuŋ/ /miuŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/miuŋ/ /miuŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/muwŋ/ /muwŋH/
Li
Rong
/miuŋ/ /miuŋH/
Wang
Li
/mĭuŋ/ /mĭuŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mi̯uŋ/ /mi̯uŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
méng mèng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
mèng
Middle
Chinese
‹ mjuwngH ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.məŋ-s/
English dream

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 8996 8998
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*mɯŋ/ /*mɯŋs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. dream
    /   ―  zuòmèng  ―  to dream
    / [Cantonese]  ―  faat3 mung6 [Jyutping]  ―  to dream
  2. to dream; to have dreams
  3. (figuratively) dream; aspiration; ambition; goal
  4. visionary; imaginary; wishful
  5. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. Dream

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

/ime2/: *[iməj] > [ime]. Compound of noun (i, sleep) +‎ (me, eye).

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana いめ, romaji ime)

  1. (archaic) dream

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ゆめ
Grade: 5
kun'yomi

From earlier ime.

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ゆめ, romaji yume)

  1. dream

See also[edit]


Korean[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(mong) (hangeul , revised mong, McCune-Reischauer mong)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(mộng, mọng, mống, mồng, mòng, muống)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]