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U+5922, 夢
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5922

[U+5921]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5923]
夢 U+2F85E, 夢
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F85E
多
[U+2F85D]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 奢
[U+2F85F]

Translingual[edit]

Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Alternative forms[edit]

Note that in Taiwan and Hong Kong, the character is written with on top instead of , as found in the Kangxi dictionary. Traditionally, the character is listed under the radical (sunset). However, in simplified Chinese and Japanese dictionaries, the character may be listed under the radical (grass) as the (crown/hairstyle) component has been simplified to .

Han character[edit]

(radical 36, +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 廿田中弓 (TWLN), four-corner 44207, composition𦭝(GJKV) or ⿱⿳(HT))

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 247, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5801
  • Dae Jaweon: page 492, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 864, character 19
  • Unihan data for U+5922

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
Wikipedia has an article on:

Glyph origin[edit]

Oracle bone script: Pictogram (象形) – a person lying on a bed, with restless hands.

Shuowen: Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *mɯŋ, *mɯŋs): phonetic  (OC *mɯːŋ, *mɯŋ, *mɯŋs) + semantic .

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *(s/r)-ma(ŋ/k) (dream).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • máe̤ng - vernacular;
  • móng - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • bāng - vernacular;
    • bōng - literary.
  • Wu
  • Note:
    • 3maan - vernacular;
    • 3mon - literary.
  • Xiang
    • (Changsha)
      • Wiktionary: mong5 / mong4
      • Sinological IPA (key) (old-style): /mʊŋ²¹/, /mʊŋ⁴⁵/
      • Sinological IPA (key) (new-style): /mən²¹/, /mən⁴⁵/
  • Note:
    • mong5 - vernacular;
    • mong4 - literary.

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /məŋ⁵¹/
    Harbin /məŋ⁵³/
    Tianjin /məŋ⁵³/
    Jinan /məŋ²¹/
    Qingdao /fəŋ²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /məŋ³¹²/
    Xi'an /məŋ⁴⁴/
    Xining /mə̃²¹³/
    Yinchuan /məŋ¹³/
    Lanzhou /mə̃n¹³/
    Ürümqi /mɤŋ²¹³/
    Wuhan /moŋ³⁵/
    Chengdu /moŋ¹³/
    Guiyang /moŋ²¹³/
    Kunming /moŋ²¹²/
    Nanjing /mən⁴⁴/
    Hefei /məŋ⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /məŋ⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /məŋ³⁵/
    Hohhot /mə̃ŋ⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /mɑ̃²³/
    /moŋ²³/
    Suzhou /moŋ³¹/
    Hangzhou /moŋ¹³/
    Wenzhou /moŋ²²/
    Hui Shexian /mʌ̃²²/
    Tunxi /man¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /moŋ⁵⁵/
    /moŋ¹¹/
    Xiangtan /mən²¹/
    Gan Nanchang /muŋ²¹/
    Hakka Meixian /mu⁵³/
    Taoyuan /muŋ⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /moŋ²²/
    Nanning /muŋ²²/
    Hong Kong /muŋ²²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /bɔŋ²²/
    /baŋ²²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /mɔyŋ²¹²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /mɔŋ⁴⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /maŋ³¹/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /moŋ³⁵/
    /maŋ²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (4)
    Final () (2)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /mɨuŋH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /miuŋH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /miuŋH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /muwŋH/
    Li
    Rong
    /miuŋH/
    Wang
    Li
    /mĭuŋH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /mi̯uŋH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    mèng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    mèng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ mjuwngH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.məŋ-s/
    English dream

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 8998
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*mɯŋs/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. dream (Classifier: m c mn;  m c mn)
      /   ―  zuòmèng  ―  to dream
      / [Cantonese]  ―  faat3 mung6 [Jyutping]  ―  to dream
      尋晚關於裡面見到一齊健身 [Cantonese, trad.]
      寻晚关于里面见到一齐健身 [Cantonese, simp.]
      Ngo5 cam4 maan5 faat3 zo2 go3 mung6, hai6 gwaan1 jyu1 nei5 ge3. Hai2 mung6 leoi5 min6 ngo5 gin3 dou3-2 nei5 tung4 ngo5 jat1 cai4 gin6 san1. [Jyutping]
      This morning I had a dream about you. In the dream, I saw you working out with me.
    2. to dream; to have dreams
    3. (figuratively) dream; aspiration; ambition; goal
    4. visionary; imaginary; wishful
    5. A surname​.
    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (4)
    Final () (2)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /mɨuŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /miuŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /miuŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /muwŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /miuŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /mĭuŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /mi̯uŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    méng
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 8996
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*mɯŋ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. muddled

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    ゆめ
    Grade: 5
    kun’yomi

    ⟨i me2 → */jiməɨ//jɨme//jume/

    Appears in texts from the 900s.[1]

    Shift from Old Japanese (ime2), itself a compound of (i, sleep, sleeping, obsolete) +‎ (me, eye; sight, vision).[1][2][3]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (ゆめ) (yume

    1. a dream
      • 1989 November 10 [May 25 1988], Fujiko F. Fujio, “夢カメラ [Dream Camera]”, in 征地球論 [A Debate over Conquering Earth] (藤子・F・不二雄 SF全短編; 3), volume 3 (fiction), 2nd edition, Tokyo: Chuokoronsha, →ISBN, 第二章, page 275:
        これはなんです!
        こ これは(ゆめ)カメラといって……
        なにをユメみたいなこといってるんですか
        Kore wa nan desu!
        Ko- Kore wa Yume Kamera to itte…
        Nani o yume mitai na koto itterun desu ka
        What is this!?
        Th-This was taken with the Dream Camera…
        Are you saying this is just a dream!?
    2. a vision (wish for the future)
    3. leaving reality to the state of lusciousness (Can we verify(+) this sense?)
    4. a fantasy (idea from one's imagination)
    5. an illusion or delusion
      Synonym: 迷夢 (meimu)
    6. something fragile (Can we verify(+) this sense?)
    Derived terms[edit]
    Idioms[edit]
    Proverbs[edit]

    Proper noun[edit]

    (ゆめ) (Yume

    1. a female given name
    2. a surname

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 5
    goon

    From Middle Chinese (MC mɨuŋH).

    Affix[edit]

    () (mu

    1. dream
    2. illusion
    3. vision
    4. fantasy
    Derived terms[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
    2. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
    3. 3.0 3.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    4. ^ 1960, Tetsuo Hirayama (平山輝男, editor), 全国アクセント辞典 (Zenkoku Akusento Jiten, Nationwide Accent Dictionary), (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Tōkyōdō, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun (kkum mong))

    1. Hanja form? of (dream).

    Old Japanese[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Compound of (i1, sleep, sleeping) +‎ (me2, eye; sight, vision).[1][2][3]

    Noun[edit]

    (ime2) (kana いめ)

    1. a dream
      • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 4, poem 490), text here
        真野之浦乃与騰乃継橋情由毛思哉妹之伊目尓之所見
        Mano1-no2-ura no2 yo2do2 no2 tugi1pasi ko2ko2ro2 yu mo omope2 ya imo ga ime2 ni si mi1yuru
        (please add an English translation of this usage example)

    Derived terms[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    • Japanese: (yume)

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
    2. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
    3. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (mộng, mọng, mống, mồng, mòng, muống)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    References[edit]