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See also: 𠂢 and
U+8863, 衣
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8863

[U+8862]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8864]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
6 strokes
Stroke order
衣-order.gif

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (when used as a left Radical)

Han character[edit]

(radical 145 +0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 卜竹女 (YHV), four-corner 00732, composition𧘇)

  1. Kangxi radical #145, .

Descendants[edit]

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1111, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 34091
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1575, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3074, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8863

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
衣-oracle.svg 衣-bronze.svg 衣-seal.svg 衣-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qɯːl
*qɯl
*qɯl, *qɯls
*qɯlʔ
*qɯlʔ
*qɯlʔ

Pictogram (象形).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • i - literary;
  • ui - colloquial (only in the sense “placenta”).
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /i⁵⁵/
    Harbin /i⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /i²¹/
    Jinan /i²¹³/
    Qingdao /i²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /i²⁴/
    Xi'an /i²¹/
    Xining /ji⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /i⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /i³¹/
    Ürümqi /i⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /i⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /i⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /i⁵⁵/
    Kunming /i⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /i³¹/
    Hefei /zz̩²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /i¹¹/
    Pingyao /i¹³/
    Hohhot /i³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /i⁵³/
    Suzhou /i⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /ʔi³³/
    Wenzhou /i³³/
    Hui Shexian /i³¹/
    Tunxi /i¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /i³³/
    Xiangtan /i³³/
    Gan Nanchang /i⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /i⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /ʒï²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /ji⁵³/
    Nanning /ji⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /ji⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /i⁵⁵/
    /ui⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /i⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /i⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /i³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /i²³/
    /ta²³/ 訓衫

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (34)
    Final () (20)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʔɨi/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʔɨi/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʔiəi/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʔɨj/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʔiəi/
    Wang
    Li
    /ĭəi/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʔe̯i/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ʔjɨj ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ʔ(r)əj/
    English clothes

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 14837
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qɯl/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (upper) garment; clothes; clothing (Classifier: )
        ―    ―  clothes
      /   ―  nèi  ―  underwear
        ―  shuì  ―  night clothes; pajamas
    2. coating; covering; skin
        ―  táng  ―  sugar coating
      /   ―  qiāng  ―  gun cover
    3. membrane; film
    4. (literary or Min) afterbirth; placenta
    5. A surname​.
    Synonyms[edit]
    Dialectal synonyms of 衣服 (“clothes”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese 衣裳衣服
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 衣服
    Mandarin Beijing 衣裳衣服
    Taiwan 衣服衣裳
    Tianjin 衣裳衣服
    Harbin 衣服衣裳
    Shenyang 衣裳
    Jinan 衣裳衣服
    Muping 衣裳
    Luoyang 衣裳
    Jiedian 穿的
    Xi'an 衣裳
    Xining 衣裳
    Xuzhou 衣裳衣服
    Yinchuan 衣裳
    Lanzhou 衣裳
    Ürümqi 衣裳
    Wuhan 衣服衣裳
    Chengdu 衣裳衣服
    Guiyang 衣裳衣服
    Liuzhou 衣裳衣服
    Kunming 衣裳
    Yangzhou 衣裳
    Nanjing 衣裳衣服
    Hefei 衣裳
    Nantong 衣裳
    Cantonese Guangzhou 衫褲
    Hong Kong 衫褲
    Dongguan 衫褲
    Hong Kong (Weitou) 衣裳
    Taishan
    Yangjiang 衫褲
    Gan Nanchang 衣裳
    Lichuan 衣裳
    Pingxiang 衣服
    Hakka Meixian 衫褲
    Xingning 衫褲
    Huidong 衫褲
    Qujiang 衫褲
    Xiaosanjiang 衫褲
    Changting 衫褲
    Pingyu 衫褲
    Wuping 衫褲
    Liancheng 衫褲
    Ninghua 衫褲
    Yudu 衫褲
    Ruijin 衫褲
    Shicheng 衫褲
    Shangyou 衫褲
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 衫褲
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 衫褲
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 衫褲
    Dongshi (Dabu) 衫褲
    Zhuolan (Raoping) 衫褲
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 衫褲
    Hong Kong 衫褲
    Huizhou Jixi 衣裳
    Jin Taiyuan 衣裳
    Xinzhou 衣裳
    Min Bei Jian'ou 衣裳
    Min Dong Fuzhou 衣裳
    Fuqing 衣裳衫褲
    Matsu 衣裳
    Min Nan Xiamen 衫褲
    Quanzhou 衫褲
    Zhangzhou 衫褲
    Taipei 衫仔褲
    Kaohsiung 衫仔褲
    Tainan
    Taichung
    Wuqi 衫仔褲
    Hsinchu
    Taitung
    Lukang 衫仔褲
    Sanxia
    Yilan 衫仔褲
    Kinmen
    Magong
    Penang
    Singapore 衫褲
    Philippines (Manila) 衫褲
    Chaozhou 衫褲
    Haikou 衫褲
    Leizhou 衫褲
    Wu Shanghai 衣裳
    Suzhou 衣裳
    Hangzhou 衣裳
    Wenzhou 衣裳衣裳兒服
    Chongming 衣裳
    Danyang 衣裳衣衫
    Jinhua 衣裳
    Ningbo 衣裳衣衫
    Xiang Changsha 衣服衣褲
    Shuangfeng 衣服衣褲
    Loudi 衣褲

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]


    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (34)
    Final () (20)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʔɨiH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʔɨiH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʔiəiH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʔɨjH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʔiəiH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ĭəiH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʔe̯iH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ʔjɨjH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ʔ(r)əj-s/
    English wear (v.t.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 14841
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qɯls/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to dress; to wear; to put on clothes
      錦還鄉 / 锦还乡  ―  jǐnhuánxiāng  ―  to return home in glory
    2. to cover; to place something over; to wrap up; to bind up
    3. Original form of (, “to rely on”).

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. clothing

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    ころも
    Grade: 4
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese. Appears in the Kojiki completed in 712 CE.

    Ultimate derivation unclear. May be a compound of ころ (koro, uncertain meaning, possibly “wrapping”, cognate with (koro, roller; rolling)) +‎ (mo, lower robe).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana ころも, rōmaji koromo)

    1. (archaic) clothes, clothing
    2. a robe (as worn by a monk, nun, or priest)
    3. a coating on an item of food, such as batter or icing
    4. the outer shell or carapace of an insect or other arthropod
    5. the hide or feathers of a small animal
    Synonyms[edit]
    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    きぬ
    Grade: 4
    kun’yomi

    Likely cognate with (kinu, silk).[3] Alternatively, may also be a compound of (ki, wearing, the  (れん) (よう) (けい) (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of the verb 着る kiru, “to wear”) +‎ (nu, cloth, shortened from normal reading nuno).[3]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana きぬ, rōmaji kinu)

    1. clothes, clothing (particularly clothing worn on the top half of the body)
    2. an overrobe
    3. the skin, hide, or shell of an animal; the bark, rind, or skin of a plant
    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 4
    kun’yomi

    The rendaku form of (ki), the  (れん) (よう) (けい) (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of the verb 着る (kiru, “to wear”).[3][4]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Suffix[edit]

    (hiragana , rōmaji -gi)

    1. clothes, clothing
    Usage notes[edit]

    Only found as the latter element in compounds. More commonly spelled .

    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 4[edit]

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 4
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (MC ʔɨi, “clothes, clothing”).

    The kan'on reading, so likely a more recent borrowing.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana , rōmaji i)

    1. clothes, clothing
    Usage notes[edit]

    Most often encountered in compounds.

    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 5[edit]

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 4
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (MC ʔɨi, “clothes, clothing”).

    The goon reading, so likely the older borrowing.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana , rōmaji e)

    1. clothes, clothing
    Usage notes[edit]

    Not used in isolation. Only encountered in compounds.

    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 6[edit]

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 4
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese. Ultimate derivation unknown.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana , rōmaji so)

    1. (obsolete) clothes, clothing
    Usage notes[edit]

    Only found in compounds.

    Derived terms[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
    3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
    4. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (ui)

    • Eumhun:
      • Sound (hangeul): (revised: ui, McCune-Reischauer: ŭi, Yale: uy)
      • Name (hangeul):
    1. clothes, clothing

    Okinawan[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Cognate with mainland Japanese (kinu).[1][2] Attested in the 沖縄語典 (Okinawa Goten, “Okinawan Dictionary”) as ちん.[3]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana ちん, romaji chin)

    1. kimono

    References[edit]

    1. ^ Katrien Hendrickx, The Origins of Banana-fibre Cloth in the Ryukyus, Japan, Leuven University Press: 2007, p 110
    2. ^ http://www.haisai.co.jp/kantanuchinaaguchi.htm
    3. ^ 1896: 沖縄語典 (Okinawa Goten, “Okinawan Dictionary”). In Japanese. http://kindai.ndl.go.jp/info:ndljp/pid/992016/31

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (y, ấy, e, )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.