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U+8863, 衣
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8863

[U+8862]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8864]
See also: 𠂢 and

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
衣-order.gif

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (when used as a left Radical)

Han character[edit]

(radical 145 +0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 卜竹女 (YHV), four-corner 00732, composition𧘇)

  1. Kangxi radical #145, (clothes).

Descendants[edit]

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1111, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 34091
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1575, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3074, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8863

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
衣-oracle.svg 衣-bronze.svg 衣-bigseal.svg 衣-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qɯːl
*qɯl
*qɯl, *qɯls
*qɯlʔ
*qɯlʔ
*qɯlʔ

Pictogram (象形).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • i - literary;
  • ui - colloquial (only in the sense “placenta”).

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /i⁵⁵/
Harbin /i⁴⁴/
Tianjin /i²¹/
Jinan /i²¹³/
Qingdao /i²¹³/
Zhengzhou /i²⁴/
Xi'an /i²¹/
Xining /ji⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /i⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /i³¹/
Ürümqi /i⁴⁴/
Wuhan /i⁵⁵/
Chengdu /i⁵⁵/
Guiyang /i⁵⁵/
Kunming /i⁴⁴/
Nanjing /i³¹/
Hefei /zz̩²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /i¹¹/
Pingyao /i¹³/
Hohhot /i³¹/
Wu Shanghai /i⁵³/
Suzhou /i⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ʔi³³/
Wenzhou /i³³/
Hui Shexian /i³¹/
Tunxi /i¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /i³³/
Xiangtan /i³³/
Gan Nanchang /i⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /i⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /ʒï²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /ji⁵³/
Nanning /ji⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /ji⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /i⁵⁵/
/ui⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /i⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /i⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /i³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /i²³/
/ta²³/ 訓衫

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (34)
Final () (20)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔɨi/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔɨi/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiəi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔɨj/
Li
Rong
/ʔiəi/
Wang
Li
/ĭəi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔe̯i/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔjɨj ›
Old
Chinese
/*ʔ(r)əj/
English clothes

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 14837
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qɯl/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (upper) garment; clothes; clothing (Classifier: )
      ―    ―  clothes
    /   ―  nèi  ―  underwear
      ―  shuì  ―  night clothes; pajamas
  2. coating; covering; skin
      ―  táng  ―  sugar coating
    /   ―  qiāng  ―  gun cover
  3. membrane; film
  4. (literary or Min) afterbirth; placenta
  5. A surname​.
Synonyms[edit]
Dialectal synonyms of 衣服 (“clothes”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese 衣裳衣著衣服
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 衣服
Mandarin Beijing 衣裳衣服
Taiwan 衣服衣裳
Tianjin 衣裳衣服
Jinan 衣裳衣服
Xi'an 衣裳
Wuhan 衣服衣裳
Chengdu 衣裳
Yangzhou 衣裳
Hefei 衣裳
Cantonese Guangzhou 衫褲
Hong Kong 衫褲
Taishan
Yangjiang 衫褲
Gan Nanchang 衣裳
Hakka Meixian 衫褲
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 衫褲
Liudui (S. Sixian) 衫褲
Hsinchu (Hailu) 衫褲
Dongshi (Dabu) 衫褲
Zhuolan (Raoping) 衫褲
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 衫褲
Jin Taiyuan 衣裳
Min Bei Jian'ou 衣裳
Min Dong Fuzhou 衣裳
Min Nan Xiamen 衫褲
Quanzhou 衫褲
Zhangzhou 衫褲
Taipei 衫仔褲
Kaohsiung 衫仔褲
Chaozhou 衫褲
Wu Shanghai 衣裳
Suzhou 衣裳
Wenzhou 衣裳
Chongming 衣裳
Xiang Changsha 衣服衣褲
Shuangfeng 衣服衣褲

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (34)
Final () (20)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔɨiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔɨiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiəiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔɨjH/
Li
Rong
/ʔiəiH/
Wang
Li
/ĭəiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔe̯iH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔjɨjH ›
Old
Chinese
/*ʔ(r)əj-s/
English wear (v.t.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 14841
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qɯls/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to dress; to wear; to put on clothes
    錦還鄉 / 锦还乡  ―  jǐnhuánxiāng  ―  to return home in glory
  2. to cover; to place something over; to wrap up; to bind up
  3. Original form of (, “to rely on”).

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. clothing

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
ころも
Grade: 4
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Appears in the Kojiki completed in 712 CE.

Ultimate derivation unclear. May be a compound of ころ (koro, here, of uncertain meaning) +‎ (mo, lower robe).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ころも, romaji koromo)

  1. (archaic) clothes, clothing
  2. a robe (as worn by a monk, nun, or priest)
  3. a coating on an item of food, such as batter or icing
  4. the outer shell or carapace of an insect or other arthropod
  5. the hide or feathers of a small animal
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
きぬ
Grade: 4
kun'yomi

Likely cognate with (kinu, silk).[3] Alternatively, may also be a compound of (ki, wearing, the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of the verb 着る kiru, “to wear”) +‎ (nu, cloth, shortened from normal reading nuno).[3]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana きぬ, romaji kinu)

  1. clothes, clothing (particularly clothing worn on the top half of the body)
  2. an overrobe
  3. the skin, hide, or shell of an animal; the bark, rind, or skin of a plant
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (/ʔɨi/, clothes, clothing).

The kan'on reading, so likely a more recent borrowing.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji i)

  1. clothes, clothing
Usage notes[edit]

Most often encountered in compounds.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (/ʔɨi/, clothes, clothing).

The goon reading, so likely the older borrowing.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji e)

  1. clothes, clothing
Usage notes[edit]

Not used in isolation. Only encountered in compounds.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Ultimate derivation unknown.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

  1. (obsolete) clothes, clothing
Usage notes[edit]

Only found in compounds.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 6[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
kun'yomi

The rendaku form of (ki), the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of the verb 着る (kiru, “to wear”).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana , romaji -gi)

  1. clothes, clothing
Usage notes[edit]

Only found in compounds. More commonly spelled .

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  3. 3.0 3.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ui)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): (revised: ui, McCune-Reischauer: ŭi, Yale: uy)
    • Name (hangeul):
  1. clothes, clothing

Okinawan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese (kinu).[1][2] Attested in the 沖縄語典 (Okinawa Goten, “Okinawan Dictionary”) as ちん (chin).[3]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ちん, romaji chin)

  1. kimono

References[edit]

  1. ^ Katrien Hendrickx, The Origins of Banana-fibre Cloth in the Ryukyus, Japan, Leuven University Press: 2007, p 110
  2. ^ http://www.haisai.co.jp/kantanuchinaaguchi.htm
  3. ^ 1896: 沖縄語典 (Okinawa Goten, “Okinawan Dictionary”). In Japanese. http://kindai.ndl.go.jp/info:ndljp/pid/992016/31

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(y, ấy, e, )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.