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U+79E6, 秦
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-79E6

[U+79E5]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+79E7]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 115, +5, 10 strokes, cangjie input 手大竹木 (QKHD), four-corner 50904, composition𡗗)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 851, character 30
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24995
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1275, character 28
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2597, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+79E6

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Spring and Autumn Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Shizhoupian script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
秦-bronze-shang.svg 秦-oracle.svg 秦-bronze.svg 秦-bronze-spring.svg 秦-bronze-warring.svg 秦-silk.svg 秦-slip.svg 秦-zhou.svg 秦-seal.svg 秦-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔsiːn, *ʔsrin
*zin
*zin
*ʔsrin
*ʔsrin
*ʔsrin
*ʔsrin
*ʔsrin

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰin³⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕʰin²⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕʰin⁴⁵/
Jinan /t͡ɕʰiẽ⁴²/
Qingdao /t͡sʰiə̃⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡sʰin⁴²/
Xi'an /t͡ɕʰiẽ²⁴/
Xining /t͡ɕʰiə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰĩn⁵³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰin²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡ɕʰin³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰin²¹/
Kunming /t͡ɕʰĩ²¹²/
Nanjing /t͡ɕʰin²⁴/
Hefei /t͡ɕʰin⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰiəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡sʰəŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕʰiŋ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ʑiŋ²³/
Suzhou /zin¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡ʑin²¹³/
Wenzhou /zaŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰiʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /t͡sʰin⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sin¹³/
Xiangtan /d͡zin¹²/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰin²⁴/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰin¹¹/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰøn²¹/
Nanning /t͡sʰɐn²¹/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰøn²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sin³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡siŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡seiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰiŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sun³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (15)
Final () (43)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ziɪn/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡zin/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zjen/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡zin/
Li
Rong
/d͡ziĕn/
Wang
Li
/d͡zĭĕn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡zʱi̯ĕn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qín
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qín
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzin ›
Old
Chinese
/*[dz]i[n]/
English Qín (place name)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10497
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*zin/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (~國) State of Qin
  2. (~朝) Qin dynasty, first imperial dynasty of China
  3. Qin, a general area of central-west China in modern-day Shaanxi and Gansu Provinces
  4. A surname​.

See also[edit]

Dynasties (朝代) in Chinese history
Name Time period Divisions
Xia
(~朝, ~代)
2070 – 1600 BCE
Shang
(~朝, ~代)
(~朝, ~代)
1600 – 1046 BCE
Zhou
(~朝, ~代)
1046 – 256 BCE Western Zhou
西周
Eastern Zhou
東周东周
Spring and Autumn period
春秋
Warring States period
戰國战国
Qin
(~朝, ~代)
221 – 206 BCE
Han
(~朝, ~代)
206 BCE – 220 CE Western Han
西漢西汉
Xin
(~朝)
Eastern Han
東漢东汉
Three Kingdoms
三國三国
220 – 280 CE Wei
Shu
Wu
Jin
(~朝, ~代)
265 – 420 CE Western Jin
西晉西晋
Eastern Jin
東晉东晋
Southern and Northern dynasties
南北朝
420 – 589 CE Northern dynasties
北朝
Northern Wei
北魏
Western Wei
西魏
Eastern Wei
東魏东魏
Northern Zhou
北周
Northern Qi
北齊北齐
Southern dynasties
南朝
Liu Song
劉宋刘宋
Southern Qi
南齊南齐
Liang
(~朝, ~代)
Chen
(~朝, ~代)
Sui
(~朝, ~代)
581 – 618 CE
Tang
(~朝, ~代)
618 – 907 CE
Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms
五代十國五代十国
907 – 960 CE
Liao
(~朝, ~代)
907 – 1125 CE
Song
(~朝, ~代)
960 – 1279 CE Northern Song
北宋
Southern Song
南宋
Western Xia
西夏
1038 – 1227 CE
Jin
(~朝, ~代)
1115 – 1234 CE
Western Liao
西遼西辽
1124 – 1218 CE
Yuan
(~朝, ~代)
1271 – 1368 CE
Ming
(~朝, ~代)
1368 – 1644 CE
Qing
(~朝, ~代)
1636 – 1912 CE

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. Qin dynasty

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
しん
Jinmeiyō
kan’on

From Old Japanese (MC d͡ziɪn).

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana しん, rōmaji Shin)

  1. (historical) the Qin dynasty (221-207 BCE), first dynasty of China
  2. (historical) name of various states during the Sixteen Kingdoms period:
    1. 前秦 (Zenshin, Former Qin, 351-394 CE)
    2. 後秦 (Kōshin, Later Qin, 384-417 CE)
    3. 西秦 (Seishin, Western Qin, 385-431 CE)
  3. a surname

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
はた
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana はた, rōmaji Hata)

  1. a place name
  2. a surname
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
はたしん
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

Compound of (Hata, see above) + (Shin, Qin (dynasty)).

The kanji itself has a kun-reading of hata.

Pronunciation[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

This reading is used to distinguish from the 漢音 (kan'on) reading of (Shin, Jin dynasty), itself called (Susumu-shin). The senses are the same for Etymology 2 above.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jin) (hangeul , revised jin, McCune–Reischauer chin, Yale cin)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tần, thái)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.