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U+79E6, 秦
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-79E6

[U+79E5]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+79E7]
See also: , , and

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 115 +5, 10 strokes, cangjie input 手大竹木 (QKHD), four-corner 50904, composition𡗗)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 851, character 30
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24995
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1275, character 28
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2597, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+79E6

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
秦-oracle.svg 秦-bronze.svg 秦-bigseal.svg 秦-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔsiːn, *ʔsrin
*zin
*zin
*ʔsrin
*ʔsrin
*ʔsrin
*ʔsrin
*ʔsrin

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰin³⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕʰin²⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕʰin⁴⁵/
Jinan /t͡ɕʰiẽ⁴²/
Qingdao /t͡sʰiə̃⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡sʰin⁴²/
Xi'an /t͡ɕʰiẽ²⁴/
Xining /t͡ɕʰiə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰĩn⁵³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰin²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡ɕʰin³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰin²¹/
Kunming /t͡ɕʰĩ²¹²/
Nanjing /t͡ɕʰin²⁴/
Hefei /t͡ɕʰin⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰiəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡sʰəŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕʰiŋ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ʑiŋ²³/
Suzhou /zin¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡ʑin²¹³/
Wenzhou /zaŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰiʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /t͡sʰin⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sin¹³/
Xiangtan /d͡zin¹²/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰin²⁴/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰin¹¹/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰøn²¹/
Nanning /t͡sʰɐn²¹/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰøn²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sin³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡siŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡seiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰiŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sun³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (15)
Final () (43)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ziɪn/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡zin/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zjen/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡zin/
Li
Rong
/d͡ziĕn/
Wang
Li
/d͡zĭĕn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡zʱi̯ĕn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qín
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qín
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzin ›
Old
Chinese
/*[dz]i[n]/
English Qín (place name)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10497
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*zin/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (~國) State of Qin
  2. (~朝) Qin dynasty, first imperial dynasty of China
  3. Qin, a general area of central-west China in modern-day Shaanxi and Gansu Provinces
  4. A surname​.

See also[edit]

Dynasties (朝代) in Chinese history
Name Time period Divisions
Xia
(~朝, ~代)
2070 – 1600 BCE
Shang
(~朝, ~代)
(~朝, ~代)
1600 – 1046 BCE
Zhou
(~朝, ~代)
1046 – 256 BCE Western Zhou
西周
Eastern Zhou
東周东周
Spring and Autumn period
春秋
Warring States period
戰國战国
Qin
(~朝, ~代)
221 – 206 BCE
Han
(~朝, ~代)
206 BCE – 220 CE Western Han
西漢西汉
Xin
(~朝)
Eastern Han
東漢东汉
Three Kingdoms
三國三国
220 – 280 CE Wei
Shu
Wu
Jin
(~朝, ~代)
265 – 420 CE Western Jin
西晉西晋
Eastern Jin
東晉东晋
Southern and Northern dynasties
南北朝
420 – 589 CE Northern dynasties
北朝
Northern Wei
北魏
Western Wei
西魏
Eastern Wei
東魏东魏
Northern Zhou
北周
Northern Qi
北齊北齐
Southern dynasties
南朝
Liu Song
劉宋刘宋
Southern Qi
南齊南齐
Liang
(~朝, ~代)
Chen
(~朝, ~代)
Sui
(~朝, ~代)
581 – 618 CE
Tang
(~朝, ~代)
618 – 907 CE
Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms
五代十國五代十国
907 – 960 CE
Liao
(~朝, ~代)
907 – 1125 CE
Song
(~朝, ~代)
960 – 1279 CE Northern Song
北宋
Southern Song
南宋
Western Xia
西夏
1038 – 1227 CE
Jin
(~朝, ~代)
1115 – 1234 CE
Western Liao
西遼西辽
1124 – 1218 CE
Yuan
(~朝, ~代)
1271 – 1368 CE
Ming
(~朝, ~代)
1368 – 1644 CE
Qing
(~朝, ~代)
1636 – 1912 CE

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana しん, rōmaji Shin)

  1. Qin dynasty

(hiragana はた, rōmaji Hata)

  1. A surname​.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jin) (hangeul , revised jin, McCune-Reischauer chin, Yale cin)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tần, thái)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.