Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also:
U+695A, 楚
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-695A

[U+6959]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+695B]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
13 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 75 +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 木木弓卜人 (DDNYO), four-corner 44801, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 539, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 15141
  • Dae Jaweon: page 927, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1244, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+695A

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ŋraːʔ, *sŋra, *sŋraʔ
*sŋas, *sŋa
*sŋeːs
婿 *sŋeːs
*sŋa, *sŋaʔ
*sŋa, *sŋaʔ
*sŋa, *sŋaʔ
*sŋa, *sŋaʔ
*sŋa, *sŋaʔ
*sŋa
*sŋaʔ
*sŋaʔ, *sŋraʔ
*sŋ̊ʰraʔ, *sŋ̊ʰras
*sŋ̊ʰraʔ
*sŋ̊ʰraʔ
*sŋ̊ʰraʔ
*sŋ̊ʰraʔ
*sŋ̊ʰras
*sŋra
*sŋra
*sŋra, *sŋras
*sŋra
*sŋra

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sŋ̊ʰraʔ, *sŋ̊ʰras): semantic  (trees) + phonetic  (OC *ŋraːʔ, *sŋra, *sŋraʔ) – a place with many trees, the Kingdom of Chu.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰu²¹⁴/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰu²¹³/
Tianjin /t͡sʰu¹³/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰu⁴²/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂʰu⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰu⁵³/
Xi'an /t͡sʰou⁵³/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰv̩⁵³/
Yinchuan /t͡sʰu⁵³/
Lanzhou /p͡fʰu⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰu⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡sʰəu⁴²/
Chengdu /t͡sʰu⁵³/
Guiyang /t͡sʰu⁴²/
Kunming /t͡sʰu⁵³/
Nanjing /t͡sʰu²¹²/
Hefei /t͡sʰʊ²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰu⁵³/
Pingyao /t͡sʰz̩ʷ⁵³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰu⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡sʰu³⁵/
Suzhou /t͡sʰəu⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /t͡sʰu⁵³/
Wenzhou /t͡sʰɤu³⁵/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰu³⁵/
Tunxi /t͡sʰəu³¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰəu⁴¹/
Xiangtan /t͡sʰəɯ²¹/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰu²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰz̩³¹/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰu³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰɔ³⁵/
Nanning /t͡sʰɔ³⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰɔ³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰɔ⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰu³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰu²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰo⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /su²¹³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (19) (19)
Final () (22) (22)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ʃʰɨʌX/ /t͡ʃʰɨʌH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈ͡ʂʰiɔX/ /ʈ͡ʂʰiɔH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃʰiɔX/ /t͡ʃʰiɔH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈ͡ʂʰɨə̆X/ /ʈ͡ʂʰɨə̆H/
Li
Rong
/t͡ʃʰiɔX/ /t͡ʃʰiɔH/
Wang
Li
/t͡ʃʰĭoX/ /t͡ʃʰĭoH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʈ͡ʂʰi̯woX/ /ʈ͡ʂʰi̯woH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chǔ chù
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chǔ chǔ chǔ
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsrhjoX › ‹ tsrhjoX › ‹ tsrhjoX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[s.r̥]aʔ/ /*s.r̥aʔ/ /*s.r̥aʔ/
English arrange in order thorns name of a state

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 11781 11786
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sŋ̊ʰraʔ/ /*sŋ̊ʰras/

Definitions[edit]

  1. pain; suffering
  2. clear; distinct
      ―  qīngchǔ  ―  clear
  3. neat; clean; tidy
  4. bright; gorgeous
    楚楚  ―  chǔchǔ  ―  tidy; dainty, charming
  5. (traditional Chinese medicine) deciduous bush used in Chinese medicine (genus Vitex)
  6. (historical) punishment cane
  7. (historical) to beat with a punishment cane
  8. (historical) Chu, an ancient Chinese viscounty and kingdom along the Yangtze River during the Zhou dynasty.
    不可…… [Classical Chinese, trad.]
    不可…… [Classical Chinese, simp.]
    From: Mengzi (Mencius), circa 4th century BCE
    yī Qí rén fù zhī, zhòng Chǔrén xiū zhī, suī rì tà ér qiú qí Qí yě, bùkě dé yǐ...... [Pinyin]
    If but one man of Qi be teaching him, and there be a multitude of men of Chu continually shouting out about him, although his father beat him every day, wishing him to learn the speech of Qi, it will be impossible for him to do so.
  9. The realm of this state under later imperial Chinese dynasties; modern-day Hubei and Hunan regions of China.
  10. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. whip
  2. cane

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(cho) (hangeul , revised cho, McCune-Reischauer ch'o, Yale cho)

  1. name of feudal state
  2. clear

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(sở, sỡ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.