Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
楚-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(trees) + phonetic  – a place with many trees, the Kingdom of Chu.

Han character[edit]

(radical 75 +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 木木弓卜人 (DDNYO), four-corner 44801, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 539, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 15141
  • Dae Jaweon: page 927, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1244, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+695A

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰu²¹⁴/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰu²¹³/
Tianjin /t͡sʰu¹³/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰu⁴²/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂʰu⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰu⁵³/
Xi'an /t͡sʰou⁵³/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰv̩⁵³/
Yinchuan /t͡sʰu⁵³/
Lanzhou /p͡fʰu⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰu⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡sʰəu⁴²/
Chengdu /t͡sʰu⁵³/
Guiyang /t͡sʰu⁴²/
Kunming /t͡sʰu⁵³/
Nanjing /t͡sʰu²¹²/
Hefei /t͡sʰʊ²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰu⁵³/
Pingyao /t͡sʰz̩ʷ⁵³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰu⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡sʰu³⁵/
Suzhou /t͡sʰəu⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /t͡sʰu⁵³/
Wenzhou /t͡sʰɤu³⁵/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰu³⁵/
Tunxi /t͡sʰəu³¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰəu⁴¹/
Xiangtan /t͡sʰəɯ²¹/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰu²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰz̩³¹/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰu³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰɔ³⁵/
Nanning /t͡sʰɔ³⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰɔ³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰɔ⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰu³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰu²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰo⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /su²¹³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (19)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃʰɨʌX/ /ʈ͡ʂʰi̯woX/ /t͡ʃʰiɔX/ /ʈ͡ʂʰiɔX/ /ʈ͡ʂʰɨə̆X/ /t͡ʃʰĭoX/ /t͡ʃʰiɔX/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (19)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃʰɨʌH/ /ʈ͡ʂʰi̯woH/ /t͡ʃʰiɔH/ /ʈ͡ʂʰiɔH/ /ʈ͡ʂʰɨə̆H/ /t͡ʃʰĭoH/ /t͡ʃʰiɔH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
chǔ ‹ tsrhjoX › /*[s.r̥ ]aʔ/ arrange in order
chǔ ‹ tsrhjoX › /*s.r̥ aʔ/ thorns
chǔ ‹ tsrhjoX › /*s.r̥ aʔ/ name of a state

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11781 0 /*sŋ̥ʰraʔ/
11786 0 /*sŋ̥ʰras/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Chu, an ancient Chinese viscounty and kingdom along the Yangtze River during the Zhou dynasty
  2. The realm of this state under later imperial Chinese dynasties
  3. clear
  4. pain, suffering

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(cho) (hangeul , revised cho, McCune-Reischauer ch'o, Yale cho)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(sở, sỡ)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.