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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
楚-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sŋ̥ʰraʔ, *sŋ̥ʰras): semantic  ‎(trees) + phonetic  ‎(OC *ŋraːʔ, *sŋra, *sŋraʔ) – a place with many trees, the Kingdom of Chu.

Han character[edit]

(radical 75 +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 木木弓卜人 (DDNYO), four-corner 44801, composition)

  1. Chu, an ancient Chinese viscounty and kingdom along the Yangtze River during the Zhou dynasty
  2. The realm of this state under later imperial Chinese dynasties
  3. clear
  4. pain, suffering

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 539, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 15141
  • Dae Jaweon: page 927, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1244, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+695A

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰu²¹⁴/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰu²¹³/
Tianjin /t͡sʰu¹³/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰu⁴²/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂʰu⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰu⁵³/
Xi'an /t͡sʰou⁵³/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰv̩⁵³/
Yinchuan /t͡sʰu⁵³/
Lanzhou /p͡fʰu⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰu⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡sʰəu⁴²/
Chengdu /t͡sʰu⁵³/
Guiyang /t͡sʰu⁴²/
Kunming /t͡sʰu⁵³/
Nanjing /t͡sʰu²¹²/
Hefei /t͡sʰʊ²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰu⁵³/
Pingyao /t͡sʰz̩ʷ⁵³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰu⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡sʰu³⁵/
Suzhou /t͡sʰəu⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /t͡sʰu⁵³/
Wenzhou /t͡sʰɤu³⁵/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰu³⁵/
Tunxi /t͡sʰəu³¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰəu⁴¹/
Xiangtan /t͡sʰəɯ²¹/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰu²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰz̩³¹/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰu³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰɔ³⁵/
Nanning /t͡sʰɔ³⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰɔ³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰɔ⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰu³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰu²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰo⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /su²¹³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (19)
Final: (22)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: chǔ
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ʃʰɨʌX/ /ʈ͡ʂʰiɔX/ /t͡ʃʰiɔX/ /ʈ͡ʂʰɨə̆X/ /t͡ʃʰiɔX/ /t͡ʃʰĭoX/ /ʈ͡ʂʰi̯woX/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (19)
Final: (22)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: chù
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ʃʰɨʌH/ /ʈ͡ʂʰiɔH/ /t͡ʃʰiɔH/ /ʈ͡ʂʰɨə̆H/ /t͡ʃʰiɔH/ /t͡ʃʰĭoH/ /ʈ͡ʂʰi̯woH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
chǔ ‹ tsrhjoX › /*[s.r̥]aʔ/ arrange in order
chǔ ‹ tsrhjoX › /*s.r̥aʔ/ thorns
chǔ ‹ tsrhjoX › /*s.r̥aʔ/ name of a state

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11781 0 /*sŋ̥ʰraʔ/
11786 0 /*sŋ̥ʰras/

Definitions[edit]

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Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(cho) (hangeul , revised cho, McCune-Reischauer ch'o, Yale cho)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(sở, sỡ)

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