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See also:
U+6190, 憐
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6190

[U+618F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6191]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 61, +12, 16 strokes, cangjie input 心火木手 (PFDQ), four-corner 99059, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 402, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11206
  • Dae Jaweon: page 742, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2356, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+6190

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. *

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *riːn): semantic (heart) + phonetic (OC *rins).

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *d-rin (compassion; love). Cognate with Tibetan དྲིན (drin, kindness; favour; grace).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • lîn - vernacular;
  • liân - literary.
Note:
  • liang5 - Shantou;
  • liêng5 - Chaozhou.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (37)
    Final () (85)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /len/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /len/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /lɛn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /lɛn/
    Li
    Rong
    /len/
    Wang
    Li
    /lien/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /lien/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    lián
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    lián
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ len ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*rˁiŋ/
    English love; pity

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 8193
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*riːn/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to pity; to sympathize
      Synonym: 憐憫怜悯 (liánmǐn)
    2. to love tenderly

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    1. sympathy
    2. pity
    3. treasure
    4. dote on

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (ryeon, yeon) (hangeul , , revised ryeon, yeon, McCune–Reischauer ryŏn, yŏn, Yale lyen, yen)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (lân, liên)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.