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See also:
U+7DAD, 維
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7DAD

[U+7DAC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7DAE]

Translingual[edit]

Jiao-si-pang-wei.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 120, +8, 14 strokes, cangjie input 女火人土 (VFOG), four-corner 20914, composition)

Derived terms[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 927, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27568
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1364, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3415, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+7DAD

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script
維-bronze.svg 維-silk.svg 維-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɢʷi): semantic  (thread) + phonetic  (OC *tjul).

The original pronunciation of (OC *ɢʷi) was lost after the classical period, but can still be seen in other characters of the phonetic series:

  • (OC *ɢʷi, “to think”),
  • (OC *ɢʷi, *ɢʷiʔ, “only”),
  • (OC *sqʰʷi, “although”),
  • (OC *ɢʷril, “curtain, screen”) and
  • (OC *ɡʷriːl, “Huai River”).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • ûi - literary;
  • î/bî - vernacular.
Note: rui5 - “to think, dimension”.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /uei³⁵/
Harbin /uei⁴⁴/ ~生素
/uei²⁴/ ~持
Tianjin /vei⁴⁵/
Jinan /vei⁵⁵/
Qingdao /ve⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /uei⁵³/
Xi'an /vi²⁴/
Xining /uɨ²⁴/
Yinchuan /vei⁵³/
Lanzhou /vei⁵³/
Ürümqi /vei⁵¹/
Wuhan /uei²¹³/
Chengdu /uei³¹/
Guiyang /uei²¹/
Kunming /uei³¹/
Nanjing /uəi²⁴/
Hefei /ue⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /uei¹¹/
Pingyao /uei¹³/
Hohhot /vei³¹/
Wu Shanghai /vi²³/
Suzhou /vi¹³/
Hangzhou /ɦui²¹³/
Wenzhou /vu³¹/
Hui Shexian /ue⁴⁴/
Tunxi /ue⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /uei¹³/
Xiangtan /uəi¹²/
Gan Nanchang /ui⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /vi¹¹/
Taoyuan /vui¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /wɐi²¹/
Nanning /wɐi²¹/
Hong Kong /wɐi²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ui³⁵/
/bi³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /mi⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /y²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /zui⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /vui³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (36)
Final () (16)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jiuɪ/
Pan
Wuyun
/jʷi/
Shao
Rongfen
/juɪ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/jwi/
Li
Rong
/ui/
Wang
Li
/jwi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/wi/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
wéi
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
wéi
Middle
Chinese
‹ ywij ›
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷij/ (? < *ɢʷuj)
English rope for tying

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12852
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷi/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to tie; to fasten; to tie up
  2. to link; to connect
  3. to hold together; to maintain; to preserve; to safeguard
    /   ―  wéichí  ―  to maintain
  4. thick rope for tying objects; cord
  5. corner; nook; recess
  6. net; mesh; netting
  7. (geometry) dimension
  8. order; law; outline
  9. long and thin object; fibre; string
    /   ―  xiānwéi  ―  fibre
  10. Alternative form of (wéi, “to think; to contemplate”).
  11. Alternative form of (wéi, “only”).
  12. Alternative form of (wéi, “meaningless particle of interjection”).
  13. Short for 維生素维生素 (wéishēngsù, “vitamin”).
  14. Short for 維吾爾维吾尔 (Wéiwú'ěr, “Uyghur”).
  15. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 盧維卢维 (“ancient river in the Yan Province”).

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
kan’on

/wi//i/

From Middle Chinese (MC jiuɪ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Affix[edit]

() (i (historical kana )

  1. hold together; keep; maintain
  2. what holds together; net, supportive

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
これ
Grade: S
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
これ
[pronoun] this
[pronoun] (deictically) this one (near the speaker)
[pronoun] (anaphorically) this one I am talking about (only the speaker knows)
[pronoun] (archaic) I; me
[pronoun] (archaic) you
[pronoun] (literary, calque of Literary Chinese , , , etc.) Repeat the topic with a correct case marker to avoid any misunderstanding if it is not a subject.
Alternative spellings
此れ, , , ,
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun 벼리 (byeori yu))

  1. Hanja form? of (the guide ropes at the edge of a fishing net; fishing net).

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(duy)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.