Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
U+552F, 唯
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-552F

[U+552E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5530]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 口人土 (ROG), four-corner 60014, composition)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 193, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3761
  • Dae Jaweon: page 413, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 642, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+552F

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɢʷrɯːlʔ, *kʰʷriːl
*kʰʷriːl
*ɡʷriːl
*qʰʷel, *sqʰʷil, *qʰʷi, *qʰʷils
*sqʷi
*skʰʷilʔ
*skʰʷilʔ, *ɢʷilʔ
*sqʰʷi
*sqʰʷi
*qʰʷi
*qʰʷil, *qʰʷils
*ɢʷi, *ɢʷiʔ
*ɢʷi
*ɢʷi
*ɢʷi, *ɢʷiʔ
*ɢʷi
*ɢʷil
*ɢʷiʔ, *ɢʷiʔ
*ɢʷril
*sɢʷinʔ, *tjul

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɢʷi, *ɢʷiʔ): semantic  (mouth) + phonetic .

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • ûi - literary;
  • bî - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (36)
Final () (16)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jiuɪ/
Pan
Wuyun
/jʷi/
Shao
Rongfen
/juɪ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/jwi/
Li
Rong
/ui/
Wang
Li
/jwi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/wi/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
wéi
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
wéi
Middle
Chinese
‹ ywij ›
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷij/ (< *ɢʷuj?)
English only

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 12854
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷi/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. only; alone
  2. because
  3. although
  4. to be
  5. Particle for expressing one's wish.
  6. Meaningless sentence-initial particle.

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (36)
Final () (16)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jiuɪX/
Pan
Wuyun
/jʷiX/
Shao
Rongfen
/juɪX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/jwiX/
Li
Rong
/uiX/
Wang
Li
/jwiX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/wiX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
wěi
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 12858
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷiʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. A polite particle used to respond to elders: yes

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Notes[edit]

As in historical readings すゐ (suwi), つゐ (tuwi), るゐ (ruwi), most dictionaries do not have ゆゐ (yuwi) as a historical reading for . According to Heian-period data, the on-reading of is ゆい (yui). However, the Dai Kanwa Jiten, has the ゆゐ (yuwi) and related -wi historical on-readings.

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
ただ
Grade: S
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

(hiragana ただ, rōmaji tada)

  1. just, only, simply

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ただ, rōmaji tada)

  1. ordinary, usual
Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ゆい
Grade: S
on’yomi

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana ゆい, rōmaji Yui)

  1. A female given name

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(yu) (hangeul , revised yu, McCune-Reischauer yu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(dõi, dói, dúi, duỗi, duy, giói, giọi, gioè, dạ, dọi, duối)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.