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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意): semantic  ‎(walk) + phonetic  ‎(omission of )

Han character[edit]

(radical 162 +8, in Chinese 12 strokes, in Japanese 11 strokes, cangjie input 卜人土 (YOG), four-corner 30301, composition)

  1. advance, make progress, enter

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1259, character 30
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38943
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1749, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3851, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+9032

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕin⁵¹/
Harbin /t͡ɕin⁵³/
Tianjin /t͡ɕin⁵³/
Jinan /t͡ɕiẽ²¹/
Qingdao /t͡siə̃⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡sin³¹²/
Xi'an /t͡ɕiẽ⁴⁴/
Xining /t͡ɕiə̃²¹³/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕiŋ¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕĩn¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕiŋ²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕin³⁵/
Chengdu /t͡ɕin¹³/
Guiyang /t͡ɕin²¹³/
Kunming /t͡ɕĩ²¹²/
Nanjing /t͡sin⁴⁴/
Hefei /t͡ɕin⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕiəŋ⁴⁵/
Pingyao /t͡ɕiŋ³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡ɕĩŋ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕiŋ³⁵/
Suzhou /t͡sin⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕin⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡saŋ⁴²/
Hui Shexian /t͡siʌ̃³²⁴/
Tunxi /t͡sin⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sin⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /t͡sin⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕin⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sin⁵³/
Taoyuan /t͡sin⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡søn³³/
Nanning /t͡sɐn³³/
Hong Kong /t͡søn³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sin²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sɛiŋ²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡seiŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡siŋ²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡sin³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (13)
Final () (43)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡siɪnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sinH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sjenH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sinH/
Li
Rong
/t͡siĕnH/
Wang
Li
/t͡sĭĕnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡si̯ĕnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jìn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jìn
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsinH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ts][i][n]-s/
English advance (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6775
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔslins/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to advance; to move forward
  2. to enter; to go into; to come into
  3. (used after a verb) into; in
  4. to receive; to admit; to recruit
  5. to give, to offer (advice)
  6. (used with (qiú)) to score a goal
  7. to eat; to drink
  8. measure word for rows of houses within an old-style residential compound

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. advance, make progress, enter

Readings[edit]

  • Compounds:
    • 進化 (しんか, shinka)
    • 進出 (しんしゅつ, shinshutsu)
    • 昇進 (しょうしん, shōshin)

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana すすむ, romaji Susumu)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jin) (hangeul , revised jin, McCune-Reischauer chin, Yale cin)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tiến, tấn, tiên)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.