退

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退 U+9000, 退
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9000
迿
[U+8FFF]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9001]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

退 (radical 162, +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 卜日女 (YAV), four-corner 37303, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1256, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38839
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1740, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3834, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+9000

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
退

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character 退
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
退-bronze.svg 退-seal.svg 退-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series (退) (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*n̥ʰuːlʔ
退 *n̥ʰuːbs
*n̥ʰuːns

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (move) +  (walk) +  (sun) – to walk away from the sun, to retreat.

Current form is essentially  + , where the unrelated is a simplification of  +  – in careful writing the form may be slightly different (notably in the lower right component being separated and convex, rather than attached and concave), reflecting different etymology.

Cognate with (OC *n̥ʰuːns).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • Xiamen, Quanzhou, Zhangzhou:
    • thè/thèr - vernacular;
    • thòe - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location 退
    Mandarin Beijing /tʰuei⁵¹/
    Harbin /tʰuei⁵³/
    Tianjin /tʰuei⁵³/
    Jinan /tʰuei²¹/
    Qingdao /tʰue⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /tʰuei³¹²/
    Xi'an /tʰuei⁴⁴/
    Xining /tʰuɨ²¹³/
    Yinchuan /tʰuei¹³/
    Lanzhou /tʰuei¹³/
    Ürümqi /tʰuei²¹³/
    Wuhan /tʰei³⁵/
    Chengdu /tʰuei¹³/
    Guiyang /tʰuei²¹³/
    Kunming /tʰuei²¹²/
    Nanjing /tʰuəi⁴⁴/
    Hefei /tʰe⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /tʰuei⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /tʰuæ³⁵/
    Hohhot /tʰuei⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /tʰe³⁵/
    Suzhou /tʰe̞⁵¹³/
    Hangzhou /tʰui⁴⁴⁵/
    Wenzhou /tʰai⁴²/
    Hui Shexian /tʰɛ³²⁴/
    Tunxi /tʰə⁴²/
    Xiang Changsha /tʰei⁵⁵/
    Xiangtan /tʰəi⁵⁵/
    Gan Nanchang /tʰui²¹³/
    Hakka Meixian /tʰui⁵³/
    Taoyuan /tʰui⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /tʰøy³³/
    Nanning /tʰui³³/
    Hong Kong /tʰøy³³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tʰui²¹/
    /tʰe²¹/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tʰɔy²¹²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /to³³/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /tʰo²¹³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /hui³⁵/
    /he³⁵/

    Rime
    Character 退
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (6)
    Final () (42)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /tʰuʌiH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /tʰuoiH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /tʰuɒiH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /tʰwəjH/
    Li
    Rong
    /tʰuᴀiH/
    Wang
    Li
    /tʰuɒiH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /tʰuɑ̆iH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    tuì
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character 退
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    tuì
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ thwojH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*n̥ˤ[u]p-s/
    English withdraw (≠ advance)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character 退
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 12536
    Phonetic
    component
    退
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*n̥ʰuːbs/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    退

    1. to step back; to move backwards
    2. to withdraw; to leave
    3. to cause to move backward
    4. to recede; to fade; to ebb
    5. to return (a purchase, etc.); to refund
    6. to cancel; to call off

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    退

    (grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. retreat, withdraw
    2. cause to retreat or withdraw: to drive out

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    退 (toe) (hangeul , revised toe, McCune–Reischauer t'oe, Yale thoy)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    退 (thoái, thói, thối, thủi, thui, thúi, thụi)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.