退く

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
退

Grade: 5
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

退く (intransitive, godan conjugation, hiragana ひく, rōmaji hiku)

  1. draw back, recede
  2. lessen
  3. retire
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
退

Grade: 5
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

退く (intransitive, godan conjugation, hiragana どく, rōmaji doku)

  1. step aside
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
退

Grade: 5
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

退く (intransitive, godan conjugation, hiragana のく, rōmaji noku)

  1. resign, quit
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
退
しりぞ
Grade: 5
kun'yomi

Compound of (shiri, back) +‎ 退く (soku, be pushed away, be made distant). The soku changes to zoku as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

退く (intransitive, godan conjugation, hiragana しりぞく, rōmaji shirizoku)

  1. step aside
  2. withdraw when with a superior
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

Kanji in this term
退

Grade: 5
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

退く (hiragana そく, rōmaji soku)

  1. be pushed away, be made distant
  2. push away, make distant
Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3