退く

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
退

Grade: 6
kun’yomi
Alternative spelling
引く

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

退() (hikuintransitive godan (stem 退() (hiki), past 退()いた (hiita))

  1. draw back, recede
  2. lessen
  3. retire
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
退

Grade: 6
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "退く"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
退く [dòkú]
Imperative (命令形) 退け [dòké]
Key constructions
Passive 退かれる かれる [dòkárérú]
Causative 退かせる かせる [dòkásérú]
Potential 退ける ける [dòkérú]
Volitional 退こう [dòkóꜜò]
Negative 退かない かない [dòkánáí]
Negative perfective 退かなかった かなかった [dòkánáꜜkàttà]
Formal 退きます きま [dòkímáꜜsù]
Perfective 退いた いた [dòítá]
Conjunctive 退いて いて [dòíté]
Hypothetical conditional 退けば [dòkéꜜbà]

Verb[edit]

退() (dokuintransitive godan (stem 退() (doki), past 退()いた (doita))

  1. step aside
    ちょっとどいてください
    Chotto doitekudasai.
    Could you move aside for a bit? Thanks.
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
退

Grade: 6
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

退() (nokuintransitive godan (stem 退() (noki), past 退()いた (noita))

  1. resign, quit
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
退
しりぞ
Grade: 6
kun’yomi
Alternative spelling
斥く

Compound of (shiri, back) +‎ 退く (soku, be pushed away, be made distant, see below). The soku changes to zoku as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

退(しりぞ) (shirizokuintransitive godan (stem 退(しりぞ) (shirizoki), past 退(しりぞ)いた (shirizoita))

  1. step aside
  2. withdraw when with a superior
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

Kanji in this term
退

Grade: 6
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

退() (sokuintransitive yodan

  1. (obsolete) be pushed away, be made distant
    Synonym: 遠ざかる
Conjugation[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
  • 退(しりぞ) (shirizoku, see above)

Verb[edit]

退() (sokutransitive nidan

  1. (obsolete) push away, make distant
    Synonym: 遠ざける
Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN