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U+6BD2, 毒
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6BD2

[U+6BD1]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6BD3]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional

Simplified

Japanese

Korean

Alternative forms[edit]

See Han unification on Wikipedia for differences in appearance by script by code point. Note that the bottom component is written in the Kangxi dictionary but appears as in simplified Chinese, Korean and Vietnamese scripts.

Han character[edit]

(radical 80 +4, in Chinese 9 strokes, in Japanese 8 strokes, cangjie input 手一田卜戈 (QMWYI), four-corner 50507, composition(GKV) or ⿱(HTJ)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 589, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 16730
  • Dae Jaweon: page 981, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2382, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+6BD2

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms 𡴛
𡹆
𥲮
𦸕
𧉉

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*dɯːɡs, *duːɡ
*duːɡs, *duːɡ
*doːɡ, *duːɡ, *duɡ
*l'uːɡ
*duːɡ

Shuowen: Ideogrammic compound (會意):  + .

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *duk ~ tuk (poison; to poison). Cognate with Tibetan དུག (dug, poison; toxin), གདུག (gdug), གདུག་པ (gdug pa, vicious; evil; poisonous), Burmese တောက် (tauk, to suffer from toxicity; to be ill; to be poisonous).

A departing tone variant, meaning “to poison”, is preserved in Cantonese, Hakka and Min dialects. It is derived from the sense “poison” with the *–s suffix in Old Chinese.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note: duk1 - only used in the phonetic transcription 身毒 (“India”).
Note:
  • dŭk - literary;
  • dĕ̤k - vernacular.
Note:
  • to̍k - literary;
  • ta̍k - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (7)
Final () (6)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/duok̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/duok̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/dok̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/dawk̚/
Li
Rong
/dok̚/
Wang
Li
/duok̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/dʱuok̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ dowk ›
Old
Chinese
/*[d]ˤuk/
English poison (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 2486
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l'uːɡ/
Definitions[edit]

  1. poison; toxin; venom; bane
      ―  yǒu  ―  poisonous
  2. calamity; disaster; trouble
  3. pain; suffering
  4. crime; evil
  5. to poison; to administer poison to
  6. to harm; to injure
  7. to hate; to resent
  8. Alternative form of (, “to manage; to govern”).
  9. poisonous; noxious
  10. heavy; thick
  11. hot; scorching; sweltering
  12. severe; fierce; violent
  13. malicious; cruel
Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms Cantonese
Hakka
Min Dong


Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ dowk ›
Old
Chinese
/*m-[d]ˤuk-s/
English to poison (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Definitions[edit]

  1. (Cantonese, Hakka, Min, colloquial) to poison; to administer poison to

Etymology 2[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (dài, “hawksbill”).

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Kanji in this term
どく
Grade: 4
on’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana どく, rōmaji doku)

  1. poison, toxin

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(dok) (hangeul , revised dok, McCune-Reischauer tok, Yale tok)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(độc, nọc)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.