太陽

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See also: 太阳

Chinese[edit]

 
too (much); very; extremely
too (much); very; extremely; highest; greatest
positive (electric.); sun; male
trad. (太陽)
simp. (太阳)
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太陽

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: the sense "greater yang" has pronunciation tàiyáng only.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (6) (36)
Final () (25) (105)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tʰɑiH/ /jɨɐŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/tʰɑiH/ /jiɐŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰɑiH/ /iɑŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tʰajH/ /jɨaŋ/
Li
Rong
/tʰɑiH/ /iaŋ/
Wang
Li
/tʰɑiH/ /jĭaŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tʰɑiH/ /i̯aŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
tài yáng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
taai3 joeng4
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
tài yáng
Middle
Chinese
‹ thajH › ‹ yang ›
Old
Chinese
/*l̥ˁa[t]-s/ /*laŋ/
English great bright

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 1937 14590
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tʰaːds/ /*laŋ/

Noun[edit]

太陽

  1. sun; the Sun
    太陽落山 / 太阳落山  ―  Tàiyáng luòshān le.  ―  The sun (∅/has/is) set.
    地球太陽公轉 / 地球太阳公转  ―  Dìqiú rào tàiyáng gōngzhuàn.  ―  The earth revolves around the sun.
  2. sunshine; sunlight
  3. (Southwestern Mandarin, Guangxi Cantonese, Gan, Min Bei, Leizhou Min) temple (on the head)
  4. (I Ching) greater yang ()

Synonyms[edit]

  • (temple):

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (太陽):

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
たい
Grade: 2
よう
Grade: 3
on’yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese 太陽 (MC tʰɑiH jɨɐŋ, “sun”).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Noun[edit]

(たい)(よう) (taiyōたいやう (tayau)?

  1. the sun
    太陽(たいよう)(かお)()した。
    Taiyō ga kao o dashita.
    The sun was beginning to shine.
    太陽(たいよう)よりも()える!
    Taiyō yorimo moeru!
    Burning hotter than the sun!
    (たい)(よう)(かみ)、ヘリオッド
    Taiyō no Kami, Herioddo
    Heliod, God of the Sun
  2. (I Ching) greater yang ()
  3. (tarot) the Sun

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

太陽 (taeyang) (hangeul 태양)

  1. Hanja form? of 태양 (the sun).

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term

Noun[edit]

太陽

  1. Hán tự form of thái dương (the sun).