太陽

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Chinese[edit]

 
too (much); very; extremely; highest; greatest
positive (electric.); sun
trad. (太陽)
simp. (太阳)
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Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (太陽, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (6)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰɑiH/ /tʰɑiH/ /tʰɑiH/ /tʰɑiH/ /tʰajH/ /tʰɑiH/ /tʰɑiH/
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (36)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/jɨɐŋ/ /i̯aŋ/ /iaŋ/ /jiɐŋ/ /jɨaŋ/ /jĭaŋ/ /iɑŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (太陽, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
tài ‹ thajH › /*l̥ ˤa[t]-s/ great
yáng ‹ yang › /*laŋ/ bright

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1937 1 /*tʰaːds/
14590 0 /*laŋ/

Noun[edit]

太陽

  1. sun; the Sun
  2. sunshine; sunlight

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 太陽 ("sun")
Variety Location Words
Classical Classical
Mandarin Beijing 太陽老爺兒
Chengdu 太陽
Xi'an 日頭日頭爺太陽爺
Hefei 太陽熱頭
Wuhan 太陽日頭
Jinan 太陽老爺爺兒
Yangzhou 太陽
Cantonese Yangjiang 熱頭日頭
Guangzhou 熱頭日頭太陽
Taishan 日頭
Hong Kong 太陽熱頭日頭
Gan Nanchang 日頭太陽
Hakka Hsinchu (Hailu) 日頭
Meixian 日頭
Taiwanese Raoping 日頭熱頭
Liudui (S. Sixian) 日頭
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 日頭
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 日頭
Dongshi (Dabu) 日頭
Jin Taiyuan 陽婆陽婆爺太陽
Min Bei Jian'ou 日頭
Min Dong Fuzhou 日頭
Min Nan Chaozhou 日頭日頭公
Xiamen 日頭
Taipei 日頭
Wu Wenzhou 太陽太陽佛日頭
Suzhou 太陽日頭
Xiang Changsha 太陽日頭
Shuangfeng 日頭太陽

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (太陽):

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
たい
Grade: 2
よう
Grade: 3
on'yomi

Noun[edit]

太陽 ‎(hiragana たいよう, romaji taiyō, historical hiragana たいやう)

  1. the sun; solar
    太陽 (たいよう) (がお) ()した。
    Taiyō ga gao o dashita.
    It was beginning to shine.
  2. (tarot): The Sun; the nineteenth trump or major arcana card in most traditional Tarot decks.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, ISBN 4095102535.

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

太陽 ‎(taeyang) ‎(hangeul 태양)

  1. Hanja form? of 태양, “the sun”.