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U+6CF0, 泰
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6CF0

[U+6CEF]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6CF1]
See also: , , and

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 85 +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 手大水 (QKE), four-corner 50132, composition𡗗)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 618, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17325
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1013, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1577, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+6CF0

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
泰-bronze.svg 泰-bigseal.svg 泰-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tʰaːds): semantic  + semantic  + phonetic (OC *daːds, *daːds). Current form is instead 𡗗 + .

Etymology[edit]

Same word as (OC *tʰaːds, “great; greatest; excessive”); both are derived from (OC *daːds, *daːds, “big”).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • thoà - vernacular;
  • thài - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /tʰai⁵¹/
Harbin /tʰai⁵³/
Tianjin /tʰai⁵³/
Jinan /tʰɛ²¹/
Qingdao /tʰɛ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /tʰai³¹²/
Xi'an /tʰai⁴⁴/
Xining /tʰɛ²¹³/
Yinchuan /tʰɛ¹³/
Lanzhou /tʰɛ¹³/
Ürümqi /tʰai²¹³/
Wuhan /tʰai³⁵/
Chengdu /tʰai¹³/
Guiyang /tʰai²¹³/
Kunming /tʰæ²¹²/
Nanjing /tʰae⁴⁴/
Hefei /tʰe̞⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /tʰai⁴⁵/
Pingyao /tʰæ³⁵/
Hohhot /tʰɛ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /tʰa³⁵/
Suzhou /tʰɑ⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /tʰe̞⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /tʰa⁴²/
Hui Shexian /tʰa³²⁴/
Tunxi /tʰa⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /tʰai⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /tʰai⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /tʰai²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /tʰai⁵³/
Taoyuan /tʰɑi⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /tʰai³³/
Nanning /tʰai³³/
Hong Kong /tʰai³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tʰai²¹/
/tʰua²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tʰɑi²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tʰuɛ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /tʰai²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hai³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (6)
Final () (25)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tʰɑiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/tʰɑiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰɑiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tʰajH/
Li
Rong
/tʰɑiH/
Wang
Li
/tʰɑiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tʰɑiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
tài
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
tài
Middle
Chinese
‹ thajH ›
Old
Chinese
/*l̥ˤa[t]-s/
English great

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12313
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tʰaːds/

Definitions[edit]

  1. big; large
  2. great; extensive
  3. extreme; greatest
  4. exalted; honourable; superior
  5. good; excellent
  6. safe; peaceful; stable
  7. excessively; overly
  8. 11th hexagram of the I Ching
  9. Short for 泰國泰国 (Tàiguó, “Thailand”).
  10. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. peaceful, calm
  2. Thailand

Readings[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana やすし, romaji Yasushi)

  1. A male given name

‎(hiragana たい, katakana タイ, romaji Tai)

  1. Thailand

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(tae) (hangeul )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thái)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.