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U+6CF0, 泰
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6CF0

[U+6CEF]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6CF1]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 85, +5, 10 strokes, cangjie input 手大水 (QKE), four-corner 50132, composition𡗗)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 618, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17325
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1013, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1577, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+6CF0

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms second round simplified

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
泰-seal.svg 泰-bigseal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tʰaːds): semantic  + semantic  + phonetic  (OC *daːds, *daːds).

Etymology[edit]

Same word as (OC *tʰaːds, “great; greatest; excessive”); both are derived from (OC *daːds, *daːds, “big”).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • thoà - vernacular;
  • thài - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /tʰai⁵¹/
    Harbin /tʰai⁵³/
    Tianjin /tʰai⁵³/
    Jinan /tʰɛ²¹/
    Qingdao /tʰɛ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /tʰai³¹²/
    Xi'an /tʰai⁴⁴/
    Xining /tʰɛ²¹³/
    Yinchuan /tʰɛ¹³/
    Lanzhou /tʰɛ¹³/
    Ürümqi /tʰai²¹³/
    Wuhan /tʰai³⁵/
    Chengdu /tʰai¹³/
    Guiyang /tʰai²¹³/
    Kunming /tʰæ²¹²/
    Nanjing /tʰae⁴⁴/
    Hefei /tʰe̞⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /tʰai⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /tʰæ³⁵/
    Hohhot /tʰɛ⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /tʰa³⁵/
    Suzhou /tʰɑ⁵¹³/
    Hangzhou /tʰe̞⁴⁴⁵/
    Wenzhou /tʰa⁴²/
    Hui Shexian /tʰa³²⁴/
    Tunxi /tʰa⁴²/
    Xiang Changsha /tʰai⁵⁵/
    Xiangtan /tʰai⁵⁵/
    Gan Nanchang /tʰai²¹³/
    Hakka Meixian /tʰai⁵³/
    Taoyuan /tʰɑi⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /tʰai³³/
    Nanning /tʰai³³/
    Hong Kong /tʰai³³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tʰai²¹/
    /tʰua²¹/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tʰɑi²¹²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tʰuɛ³³/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /tʰai²¹³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /hai³⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (6)
    Final () (25)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /tʰɑiH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /tʰɑiH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /tʰɑiH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /tʰajH/
    Li
    Rong
    /tʰɑiH/
    Wang
    Li
    /tʰɑiH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /tʰɑiH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    tài
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    tài
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ thajH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*l̥ˤa[t]-s/
    English great

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 12313
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tʰaːds/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. big; large
    2. great; extensive
    3. extreme; greatest
    4. exalted; honourable; superior
    5. good; excellent
    6. safe; peaceful; stable
    7. excessively; overly
    8. 11th hexagram of the I Ching
    9. Short for 泰國泰国 (Tàiguó, “Thailand”).
    10. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. peaceful, calm
    2. Thailand

    Readings[edit]

    Proper noun[edit]

    (hiragana やすし, rōmaji Yasushi)

    1. A male given name

    (hiragana たい, katakana タイ, rōmaji Tai)

    1. Thailand

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (tae) (hangeul )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Compounds[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (thái)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.