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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
太-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

A superlative variant of (big).

Also Simplified from , as in (from ).

Han character[edit]

(radical 37 +1, 4 strokes, cangjie input 大戈 (KI), four-corner 40030, composition)

  1. big, great, grand
  2. extremely
  3. too, too much

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 248, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5834
  • Dae Jaweon: page 505, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 524, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+592A

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Jyutping taai3, Yale taai3)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. (adjective): fat

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Old Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ふと, romaji futo)

  1. fatness
  2. a fat person, a fatty
  3. fat-necked shamisen
  4. thick thread
Derived terms[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Prefix[edit]

(hiragana ふと, romaji futo-)

  1. added to words describing gods or the emperor or other exalted subjects to denote greatness or excellence
    • c. 759: Man'yōshū (book 17, poem #4031); text here
      奈加等美乃 敷刀能里<等其>等 伊比波良倍 安<賀>布伊能知毛 多我多米尓奈礼
      中臣の 祝詞言 言ひ祓へ 贖ふ命も 誰がために汝れ
      なかとみの ふとのりとごと いひはらへ あかふいのちも たがためになれ
      Nakatomi no / futonoritogoto / iiharae / akau inochi mo / ta ga tame ni nare
      Reciting the Nakatomi's excellent ritual offering, who's [long] life was prayed for? Yours.}}
  2. added to regular nouns to denote fatness or thickness
     (ふと) (もも) (ふと) (ばし)
    futo-momo, futo-bashi
    the thigh (the thick part of the leg), fat chopsticks (used at New Years)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

The Old Japanese 終止形 (shūshikei, terminal (sentence-final) form) of adjective 太い (futoi, fat, thick, big).[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana ふとし, romaji Futoshi)

  1. A male given name.

Etymology 3[edit]

Derived from the root word (ō, great, big).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana おお, historical hiragana おほ, romaji Ō)

  1. A surname​.

Etymology 4[edit]

From Middle Chinese (thajH). Compare modern Mandarin (tài).

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

(hiragana たい, romaji tai)

  1. big, fat, great
Usage notes[edit]
  • Only found in compounds.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

From a colloquial form of in Middle Chinese. Compare the similar corruption in Mandarin ().

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

(hiragana , romaji ta)

  1. big, fat, great
Usage notes[edit]

Only found in compounds.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  2. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(tae)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: tae, McCune-Reischauer: t'ae)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: keul, McCune-Reischauer: k'ul)

Mandarin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin tài (tai4), Wade-Giles t'ai4)

Adjective[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin tài)

  1. highest, greatest
  2. very, extremely
  3. too (much), excessive

Noun[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin tài)

  1. Mrs
    is Mrs. Li, is Mrs. Chan
    太太 (wife)

Proper noun[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin Tài)

  1. Lake Tai, a large freshwater lake west of Shanghai in eastern China

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thái)