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U+4F6E, 佮
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4F6E

[U+4F6D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4F6F]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9, +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 人人一口 (OOMR), four-corner 28261, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 100, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 551
  • Dae Jaweon: page 212, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 150, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+4F6E

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms 甲=Min Nan (and; with)

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
佮-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰuːm
*quːm, *qromʔ, *qɯːm, *qramʔ, *qɯːb
*ɡuːmʔ, *kuːb
*tkuːb
*tkuːb
*tkuːb
*tuːb, *tʰoːb
*tuːb, *toːb
*tuːb
*tuːb, *tʰoːb
*tkuːb, *ɡuːb
*tkʰuːb, *kuːb, *quːb, *quːb
*kuːb
鴿 *kuːb
*kuːb, *ɡuːb
*kuːb, *ɡuːb
*kuːb, *kʰuːb
*kuːb
*kuːb
*kuːb, *kruːb
*kuːb, *kruːb
*kuːb
*ŋɡuːb
*quːb, *quːb
*qʰuːb, *qʰruːb
*ɡuːb
*ɡuːb
*ɡuːb
*tʰuːb
*tʰoːb
*rtuːb
*kruːb, *kob, *ɡob
*kruːb, *ŋkob
*kruːb
*kʰruːb
*kʰruːb
*ɡruːb
*ɡruːb
*ɡruːb
*ɡruːb
*qʰjob, *qʰrub
*tkʰub
*ɡjub
*krub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • gah4 - "and", "accompanying";
  • kah4 - "too" (also written as 𠹛).

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3
Initial () (28) (6)
Final () (160) (160)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʌp̚/ /tʰʌp̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kəp̚/ /tʰəp̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɒp̚/ /tʰɒp̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kəp̚/ /tʰəp̚/
Li
Rong
/kᴀp̚/ /tʰᴀp̚/
Wang
Li
/kɒp̚/ /tʰɒp̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kăp̚/ /tʰăp̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ge ta
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/4 2/4
No. 4952 4958
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tkʰuːb/ /*kuːb/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to gather
  2. (Min Nan) and; with; accompanying
  3. (Teochew) too; excessively
    / [Teochew]  ―  kah4 zoi7 [Peng'im]  ―  too much

Synonyms[edit]
Dialectal synonyms of (“and”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese ,
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing ,
Taiwan ,
Jinan , ,
Xi'an ,
Wuhan
Chengdu ,
Yangzhou ,
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou , 同埋
Hong Kong , 同埋
Taishan 同埋
Yangjiang ,
Gan Nanchang ,
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Hsinchu (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan ,
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Penang
Singapore
Philippines (Manila)
Chaozhou ,
Wu Shanghai
Suzhou
Wenzhou ,
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng ,
Dialectal synonyms of (“too; excessively”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) , 過於
Mandarin Beijing ,
Taiwan
Tianjin ,
Jinan ,
Xi'an
Wuhan ,
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou , 得滯
Hong Kong , 得滯
Taishan 得滯
Yangjiang 得滯
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Hsinchu (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou ,
Min Nan Xiamen , 傷過
Quanzhou , 傷過
Zhangzhou , 傷過
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Taichung
Hsinchu
Lukang
Sanxia
Yilan
Kinmen
Magong
Penang ,
Philippines (Manila) , 傷過
Chaozhou
Shantou
Wu Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng ,

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 3/3
Initial () (34)
Final () (160)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔʌp̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔəp̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔɒp̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔəp̚/
Li
Rong
/ʔᴀp̚/
Wang
Li
/ɒp̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔăp̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
e
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 3/4
No. 4968
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*quːb/

Definitions[edit]

  1. A surname​.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

  • On (unclassified): こう (kō)
  • Kun: あわせる (awaseru)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(hap) (hangeul , revised hap, McCune–Reischauer hap, Yale hap)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.