kap

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See also: Kap, kæp, kąp, and kAp

Albanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Albanian *kapa, from Proto-Indo-European *kap-.[1][2] Cognate to (Baltic) Latvian kàmpju, kàmpt; Proto-Celtic *kawnos (Old Irish cúan, Irish cuan, Scottish Gaelic cuan); Proto-Germanic *habnō, Proto-Germanic *habjaną (to have, lift); Proto-Hellenic *kapťō (Ancient Greek κάπτω (káptō)), Proto-Hellenic *kṓpā (Ancient Greek κώπη (kṓpē)); Proto-Italic *kapiō (Latin capiō) and (perhaps) also Old Armenian խափ (xapʿ), Old Armenian խափանեմ (xapʿanem) (perhaps) and Latin capsa.

Verb[edit]

  • (active) kap (first-person singular past tense kapa, participle kapur)
  • (passive) kápem (first-person singular past tense u kapa, participle kapur)
  1. (intransitive) I grab, grip (someone or something)
    Synomyms: rrok,
    Kape për flokësh!
    Grab her/him by the hair!
  2. (2nd person) (you) catch (an object or feelings)
  3. I seize, keep, hold (something, someone); I take or occupy (land, position)
    Synonyms: marr, pushtoj, qep
  4. I find, surprise (a person in a situation, act)
    Synonym: gjej
  5. (figuratively, 3rd person) possess, overwhelm, scare (by a feeling, illness, demon)
  6. I understand, see, hear immediately (a problem, issue, mission, task)
    Synonym: kuptoj
  7. I reach (to); meet (someone or something that walks in front)
    Synonym: arrij; takoj
  8. (intransitive, figuratively) I start, begin (work, job, path)
    Synonyms: nis, filloj
  9. (3rd person) tan, warm up (by the sun); captures (by wind; military service)
    Synonym: rrah, nxij; përfshij
    (Gheg examples)
    E ka kap dielli.
    The sun had captured her/him. (meaning “He/she's got a sunburn/tan.”)
    E rreh dielli ujët.
    The sun warms up (beats up) the water(s).
  10. (3rd person) determine, constitute; reach, cost (a high sum)
    Synonym: kushtoj
  11. tie, bind, braid (hair)
    Synonym: lidh
  12. (figuratively) snatch, pull off (hat, wig)
    Synonyms: heq, tërheq, shkul

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • [1] active verb kap (aorist: kapa, participle: kapur) • Fjalor Shqip (Albanian Dictionary)
  • [2] passive verb kapem / kápem (aorist: u kapa, participle: kapur) • Fjalor Shqip (Albanian Dictionary)

Noun[edit]

kap f

  1. lid, cover

References[edit]

  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “kap”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, →ISBN, page 169
  2. ^ Demiraj, Bardhyl (1997), “kap”, in Albanische Etymologien: Untersuchungen zum albanischen Erbwortschatz [Albanian Etymologies: Investigations into the Albanian Inherited Lexicon] (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 7) (in German), Amsterdam, Atlanta: Rodopi

Danish[edit]

Noun[edit]

kap n (singular definite kappet, plural indefinite kap)

  1. (geography) cape

Declension[edit]

Verb[edit]

kap

  1. imperative of kappe

References[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kɑp/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: kap
  • Rhymes: -ɑp

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch cappe, from Late Latin cappa.

Noun[edit]

kap f (plural kappen, diminutive kapje n)

  1. cap
  2. cover
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Berbice Creole Dutch: kapu
  • Negerhollands: kap
  • Indonesian: kap
  • Papiamentu: kap

Etymology 2[edit]

From kappen.

Noun[edit]

kap m (uncountable)

  1. stroke; chopping

Verb[edit]

kap

  1. first-person singular present indicative of kappen
  2. imperative of kappen

Anagrams[edit]


Haitian Creole[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Verb[edit]

kap

  1. Clipping of kapab.

Etymology 2[edit]

Particle[edit]

kap

  1. Contraction of ki ap.
    • 2019 March 19, “Rankont ann Itali ant Anvwaye Espesyal Etazini ak Larisi sou Kriz Venezuela a”, in Lavwadlamerik[3]:
      Anvwaye espesyal Etazini pou Venezuela, Elliot Abrams, ak vis-minis afè etranjè Larisi, Sergei Ryabkov, ap fè reyinyon nan vil Wòm ann Itali pou yo pale sou sityasyon Venezuela kap agrave.”
      American Special Envoy for Venezuela Elliot Abrams and Russian Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs Sergei Ryabkov are meeting in the city of Rome, Italy to talk about "the situation in Venezuela which is worsening."

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

kap

  1. cape
Derived terms[edit]

Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably an onomatopoeia.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

kap

  1. (transitive) to get, to receive (as something -ul/-ül)
  2. (intransitive) to snatch, to grab (expressing a sudden movement) (with -hoz/-hez/-höz or -ba/-be)
  3. (transitive, dialectal) to find

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

(With verbal prefixes):

Expressions

References[edit]

  1. ^ kap in Zaicz, Gábor (ed.). Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (‘Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN.  (See also its 2nd edition.)

Further reading[edit]

  • kap in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Indonesian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkap̚/
  • Hyphenation: kap

Etymology 1[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

kap (first-person possessive kapku, second-person possessive kapmu, third-person possessive kapnya)

  1. (nautical, archaic) rope
    Synonym: tali

Etymology 2[edit]

From Dutch kap, from Middle Dutch cappe, from Late Latin cappa.

Noun[edit]

kap (first-person possessive kapku, second-person possessive kapmu, third-person possessive kapnya)

  1. cap
  2. cover
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

kap (first-person possessive kapku, second-person possessive kapmu, third-person possessive kapnya)

  1. short for kapital.

Further reading[edit]


Min Nan[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of kap – see (“and”).
(This character, kap, is the Pe̍h-ōe-jī form of .)

Northern Kurdish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Armenian կապ (kap).

Noun[edit]

kap m or f

  1. rope

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Cabolov, R. L. (2001), “kāp”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ kurdskovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Kurdish Language] (in Russian), volume I, Moscow: Russian Academy Press Vostochnaya Literatura, page 514
  • Chyet, Michael L. (2020), “kap”, in Ferhenga Birûskî: Kurmanji–English Dictionary (Language Series; 1), volume I, London: Transnational Press, page 376b

Further reading[edit]

  • Dankoff, Robert (1995) Armenian Loanwords in Turkish (Turcologica; 21), Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, § 328, page 75

Old Frisian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *kaup, from Proto-Germanic *kaupaz, from Latin caupo (tradesman). Cognates include Old English ċēap and Old Dutch *cōp.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kāp m

  1. purchase

Descendants[edit]

  • North Frisian:
    Föhr-Amrum: kuup
  • Saterland Frisian: Koop
  • West Frisian: keap

References[edit]

  • Bremmer, Rolf H. (2009) An Introduction to Old Frisian: History, Grammar, Reader, Glossary, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, →ISBN

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

kap

  1. second-person singular imperative of kapać

Semai[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Mon-Khmer *kap ~ *kaap (to bite); cognate with Vietnamese cạp, Bahnar kăp, Pacoh cáp, Khasi jkep, Khmer ត្រកាប់ (trɑkap), Car Nicobarese kap.

Verb[edit]

kap[1]

  1. to bite

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Basrim bin Ngah Aching (2008) Kamus Engròq Semay – Engròq Malaysia, Kamus Bahasa Semai – Bahasa Malaysia, Bangi: Institut Alam dan Tamadun Melayu, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *kapь.

Noun[edit]

kȃp f (Cyrillic spelling ка̑п)

  1. drop
  2. stroke (brain hemorrhage)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Southern Kam[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kap

  1. ear

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French cap, from Provençal, ultimately from Latin caput (head).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kap n

  1. (geography) cape
  2. catch
  3. cut

Declension[edit]

Declension of kap 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative kap kapet kap kapen
Genitive kaps kapets kaps kapens

References[edit]


Tok Pisin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English cup.

Noun[edit]

kap

  1. cup

Turkish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish قاب(kap), from Proto-Turkic *kāp. Cognate with Old Turkic [script needed] (kap).

Noun[edit]

kap (definite accusative kabı, plural kaplar)

  1. vessel, can, container, holder, pot, case
  2. cover (of a vessel etc.)

Etymology 2[edit]

From French cape.

Noun[edit]

kap (definite accusative kapı, plural kaplar)

  1. cape (sleeveless garment covering the torso, especially as a woman’s dress)

Etymology 3[edit]

Verb[edit]

kap

  1. second-person singular imperative of kapmak

Volapük[edit]

Noun[edit]

kap (nominative plural kaps)

  1. head

Declension[edit]


Zou[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

káp

  1. (transitive) to shoot

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Lukram Himmat Singh (2013) A Descriptive Grammar of Zou, Canchipur: Manipur University, page 81