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Alternative forms[edit]


Cognate with Ancient Greek κᾰ́πηλος (kápēlos), possibly from Pre-Greek, likely borrowed separately. A derivation of either from Proto-Indo-European *kʷreyh₂- (to buy), whence ἐπρῐάμην (epriámēn) as suppletive Aorist of ὠνέομαι (ōnéomai, to buy), seems far-fetched. Beekes mentions, Furnee offers Hittite ḫappar (purchase, price) as a comparandum, in which case the IE derivation would be *h₃ep-, whence ops (power) and Homeric Ancient Greek ἀφνειός (aphneiós, rich, wealthy), although also speculative. Gemoll considers a connection to Ancient Greek κάπτω (káptō, gulp down, snap). This noun is also masculine.



caupō m (genitive caupōnis); third declension

  1. Tradesman.
  2. Innkeeper, shopkeeper.


Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative caupō caupōnēs
Genitive caupōnis caupōnum
Dative caupōnī caupōnibus
Accusative caupōnem caupōnēs
Ablative caupōne caupōnibus
Vocative caupō caupōnēs



  • caupo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • caupo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • caupo in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • caupo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • caupo in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • caupo in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
  • Edzard Johan Furnée: Die wichtigsten konsonantischen Erscheinungen des Vorgriechischen mit einem Appendix über den Vokalismus. Mouton, The Hague 1972.
  • Wilhelm Gemoll: Griechisch-deutsches Schul- und Handwörterbuch. öbv & hpt / Oldenbourg, Vienna and Munich 91965, p. 407.