kapur

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Malay[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Austronesian *qapuR ‎(lime, calcium). Possibly from the same source as Proto-Austronesian *qabu ‎(ash, cinder, powder) ("lime" in some descendants). Cognate with Tagalog apog ‎(lime), Bunun habu ‎(ash, powder, lime), Tsou hapuyu ‎(lime), Eastern Cham [script needed] ‎(kapū).

Compare the Austroasiatic loanwords: Proto-Mon-Khmer *knpur ‎(lime) (whence Khmer កំបោរ ‎(kâmbaôr, lime, quicklime; plaster), Middle Mon gɔpøw ‎(gapuiw, lime) > Mon ဂပဵု ‎(həpɒ, lime, stalked lime), Vietnamese vôi ‎(lime), Muong pôl ‎(lime)), as well as Khmer កប៌ូរ ‎(kāpōr, camphor).

Mayrhofer explains the anlaut-variation observed in the descendants by the Austronesian prefix-variation kar- : kam- : ka-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kapur

  1. lime (calcium oxide, quicklime)

Descendants[edit]

(taking Malay as representative for all Austronesian)

References[edit]

  • Mayrhofer, Manfred (2001) Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen (in German), volume III, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, page 68
  • Mayrhofer, Manfred (1956) Kurzgefasstes Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindischen [A Concise Etymological Sanskrit Dictionary] (in German), volume I, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, page 175
  • Lokotsch, Karl (1927) Etymologisches Wörterbuch der europäischen Wörter orientalischen Ursprungs (in German), Heidelberg: Carl Winter’s Universitätsbuchhandlung, page 88b, § 1100