kapur

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Malay[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Austronesian *qapuR (lime, calcium). Possibly from the same source as Proto-Austronesian *qabu (ash, cinder, powder) ("lime" in some descendants). Cognate with Tagalog apog (lime), Bunun habu (ash, powder, lime), Tsou hapuyu (lime), Eastern Cham [script needed] (kapū).

Compare the Austroasiatic loanwords: Proto-Mon-Khmer *knpur (lime) (whence Khmer កំបោរ (kâmbaôr, lime, quicklime; plaster), Middle Mon gɔpøw (gapuiw, lime) > Mon ဂပဵု (həpɒ, lime, stalked lime), Vietnamese vôi (lime), Muong pôl (lime)), as well as Khmer កប៌ូរ (kāpōr, camphor).

Mayrhofer explains the anlaut-variation observed in the descendants by the Austronesian prefix-variation kar- : kam- : ka-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kapur

  1. lime (calcium oxide, quicklime)

Descendants[edit]

(taking Malay as representative for all Austronesian)

References[edit]

  • Manfred Mayrhofer (1986–2001) Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen, in 3 vols, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, volume III, page 68
  • Manfred Mayrhofer (1956–1980), Kurzgefasstes Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindischen. A Concise Etymological Sanskrit Dictionary, in 4 vols, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, volume I, page 175
  • Karl Lokotsch (1927), Etymologisches Wörterbuch der europäischen Wörter orientalischen Ursprungs, Heidelberg: Carl Winter’s Universitätsbuchhandlung, § 1100, page 88b