kapur

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See also: Kapur

Malay[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Austronesian *qapuʀ (lime, calcium). Cognate with Tagalog apog (lime), Tsou hapuyu (lime), Eastern Cham ꨆꨚꨭꨩ (kapū).

Compare the Austroasiatic loanwords: Proto-Mon-Khmer *knpur (lime) (whence Khmer កំបោរ (kɑmbao, lime, quicklime; plaster), Middle Mon gapuiw (lime) > Mon ဂပဵု (həpɒ, lime, stalked lime), Vietnamese vôi (lime), Muong pôl (lime)), as well as Khmer កប៌ូរ (kāpōr, camphor).

Mayrhofer explains the anlaut variation observed in the descendants by the Austronesian prefix-variation kar- : kam- : ka-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kapur (Jawi spelling کاڤور‎, informal 1st possessive kapurku, impolite 2nd possessive kapurmu, 3rd possessive kapurnya)

  1. lime (calcium oxide, quicklime)

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

(taking Malay as representative for all Austronesian)

References[edit]

  • Mayrhofer, Manfred (2001) Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen [Etymological Dictionary of Old Indo-Aryan] (in German), volume III, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, page 68
  • Mayrhofer, Manfred (1956) Kurzgefasstes Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindischen [A Concise Etymological Sanskrit Dictionary] (in German), volume I, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, page 175
  • Lokotsch, Karl (1927) Etymologisches Wörterbuch der europäischen Wörter orientalischen Ursprungs (in German), Heidelberg: Carl Winter’s Universitätsbuchhandlung, § 1100, page 88b

Further reading[edit]