كافور

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Arabic[edit]

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Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

كَافُورCinnamomum camphora

From an Austronesian language such as Malay kapur, possibly via Middle Persian 𐭪𐭠𐭯𐭥𐭫(kʾp̄wl /kāpūr/).

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

كَافُور (kāfūrm

  1. camphor tree, Cinnamomum camphora
    • a. 675, Ḥasan ibn Ṯābit, ألا دفنتم رسول الله في سفط:
      أَلَا دَفَنْتُم رَسُولَ اللّٰهِ فِي سَفَطٍ — مِنَ الْأَلُوَّةِ وَٱلكَافُورِ مَنْضُودِ
      ʾalā dafantum rasūla llāhi fī safaṭin — mina l-ʾaluwwati wal-kāfūri manḍūdi
      Verily you buried God’s prophet in a basket – layered of aloe and camphorwood!
  2. the chemical compound camphor
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 76:5:
      إِنَّ ٱلْأَبْرَارَ يَشْرَبُونَ مِن كَأْسٍ كَانَ مِزَاجُهَا كَافُورًا‎‎
      ʾinna l-ʾabrāra yašrabūna min kaʾsin kāna mizājuhā kāfūran
      Lo! the righteous shall drink of a cup whereof the mixture is of camphor
  3. Eucalyptus camaldulensis
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

The shape KāLūM and the variant form vocalized in three ways especially as ending with ā suggests an Aramaic origin; attested in a broader meaning in Classical Syriac ܟܘܦܪܐ(kuppārā, sindon; cover of a calyx) and in Qumranic and Jewish Babylonian Aramaic כופרא(kuppārā, palm spadix or spathe), and Jewish Babylonian Aramaic גופרא(guppārā, inflorescence of a palm), Classical Mandaic ࡂࡅࡐࡀࡓࡀ(inflorescence of a palm), Classical Syriac ܓܘܦܪܐ(guppārā, inflorescence also of a palm). But still these are deemed foreign by Nöldeke following Bar ʿAlī and are probably formed in yet another Semitic language, connecting to the Arabic root ك ف ر(k-f-r) and غ ف ر(ḡ-f-r) related to “covering”.

Noun[edit]

كَافُور (kāfūrm (plural كَوافِير(kawāfīr))

  1. bract of the inflorescence of the date palm
    Alternative forms: كُفَرَّى(kufarrā), جُفَرَّى(jufarrā)
Declension[edit]

References[edit]