gypsum

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English[edit]

Gypsum

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin gypsum, from Ancient Greek γύψος (gúpsos). Doublet of gesso.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK, General American) IPA(key): /ˈdʒɪp.səm/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

gypsum (countable and uncountable, plural gypsums or gypsa)

  1. A mineral consisting of hydrated calcium sulphate. When calcinated, it forms plaster of Paris.
    • 1980, Robert M. Jones, editor, Walls and Ceilings, Time-Life Books, →ISBN, page 7:
      Besides being abundant, gypsum is easily refined into a powder for plaster or formed into sheets of wallboard.

Synonyms[edit]

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Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Ancient Greek γύψος (gúpsos).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gypsum n (genitive gypsī); second declension

  1. gypsum
  2. a plaster figure

Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative gypsum gypsa
Genitive gypsī gypsōrum
Dative gypsō gypsīs
Accusative gypsum gypsa
Ablative gypsō gypsīs
Vocative gypsum gypsa

Descendants[edit]

  • Asturian: yelsu, xiz
  • Catalan: guix
  • Dutch: gips
  • English: gypsum
  • French: gypse
  • Friulian: ges
  • Galician: xeso, xiz
  • German: Gips, Gyps
  • Italian: gesso

References[edit]

  • gypsum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • gypsum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • gypsum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • gypsum in The Perseus Project (1999) Perseus Encyclopedia[2]