ki

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Hawaiian ki.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ki (countable and uncountable, plural kis)

  1. Ti, a plant native to the Pacific islands and China (Cordyline fruticosa).

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

ki (uncountable)

  1. (UK, naval slang) Alternative form of kye (cocoa)
    • 1917, The Tea & Coffee Trade Journal (volumes 34-35, page 217)
      At sea a special cauldron of 'ki,' prepared by the ship's cook, is sent round action stations in 'fannies' or large pitchers.

Etymology 3[edit]

From dated romanizations of Mandarin () without the k-q merger, or from Japanese (ki), both ultimately from the same Middle Chinese origin.

Noun[edit]

ki (uncountable)

  1. (philosophy) Alternative form of chi
    • 1983, George A. Kirby, Jujitsu: Basic Techniques of the Gentle Art (page 19)
      If you are calm and relaxed it will be easier for you to accept and use his ki, helping him to reach his goal. In other words, you will redirect his ki or enhance it with your own to bring your attacker down in the direction he was directing his ki.
Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Abenaki[edit]

Noun[edit]

ki

  1. Alternative form of aki

References[edit]


Aimele[edit]

Noun[edit]

ki

  1. bone

Further reading[edit]

  • R. D. Shaw, The Bosavi Language Family (1986), in Papers in New Guinea Linguistics (D. C. Laycock et al., eds.), number 24

Azerbaijani[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Persian که(ke).

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

ki

  1. that
    Mən bilirəm ki, bu düzdür.
    I know that this is right.
    O mənə demişdir ki, hər şey yaxşı olacaq. Amma olmadı.
    He told me that everything would be fine. But it wasn't.
  2. to, in order to, so that
    Mən oraya getmişdim ki, lazım olanları alım.
    I went there to buy whatever was needed.
    Onlar onu evə göndərdilər ki, heç kim onu görməsin.
    They sent him home so that nobody would see him.

Bikol Central[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

ki

  1. (formal, Naga) Used to mark oblique cases of personal nouns
    An kantang ini, para ki papa.
    This song is for (my) father.
    Synonym: kay
  2. (Legazpi) of (expressing possession)
    Synonym: nin

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Breton[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Brythonic *ki, from Proto-Celtic *kū, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱwṓ.

Noun[edit]

ki m (plural chas or kon)

  1. dog
    Ar c'hi zo o kousket amañ.
    The dog is sleeping here.

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]


Cornish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Brythonic *ki, from Proto-Celtic *kū, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱwṓ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ki m (plural keun)

  1. dog

Mutation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Dena'ina[edit]

Adverb[edit]

ki

  1. again, too, more
  2. furthermore, moreover

Eastern Ojibwa[edit]

Etymology[edit]

cf. Ojibwe aki

Noun[edit]

ki inan

  1. earth

References[edit]

Jerry Randolph Valentine (2001) Nishnaabemwin Reference Grammar, University of Toronto, page 177


Fijian[edit]

Preposition[edit]

ki

  1. to, for, towards (used for common nouns and names of places)
  2. at (used for locations)

Fula[edit]

Suffix[edit]

ki

  1. Noun class indicator for nouns (singular) including trees and some objects such as knives

Usage notes[edit]

Article[edit]

ki

  1. (definite) the (when it follows the noun)
    Lekki kithe tree

Usage notes[edit]

Determiner[edit]

ki

  1. (used in indicating something)
    Ki lekkithis/that tree

Usage notes[edit]


Guinea-Bissau Creole[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ki

  1. who

Haitian Creole[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French qui.

Determiner[edit]

ki

  1. what

Pronoun[edit]

ki

  1. (relative) who, which

Usage notes[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈki]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ki

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Ugric.

Adverb[edit]

ki (comparative kijjebb, superlative legkijjebb)

  1. out, not inside, from the inside, in an outward direction
Usage notes[edit]

This term may also be part of the split form of a verb prefixed with ki-, occurring when the main verb does not follow the prefix directly. It can be interpreted only with the related verb form, irrespective of its position in the sentence, e.g. meg tudták volna nézni (they could have seen it, from megnéz). For verbs with this prefix, see ki-; for an overview, Appendix:Hungarian verbal prefixes.

Derived terms[edit]
Compound words

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronominal adverbs from case suffixes (cf. postpositions)
ed suffix who? what? this that he/she
(it)*
case v. pr. c.
nom. ki mi ez az ő* / ∅
az / ∅
acc. -t / -ot /
-at / -et / -öt
kit mit ezt azt őt* / ∅
azt / ∅
c1
c2
dat. -nak / -nek kinek minek ennek annak neki neki- c
ins. -val / -vel kivel mivel ezzel/
evvel
azzal/
avval
vele c
c-f. -ért kiért miért ezért azért érte c
tra. -vá / -vé kivé mivé ezzé azzá c
ter. -ig meddig eddig addig c
e-f. -ként (kiként) (miként) ekként akként c
e-m. -ul / -ül c
ine. -ban / -ben kiben miben ebben abban benne c
sup. -n/-on/-en/-ön kin min ezen azon rajta (rajta-) c
ade. -nál / -nél kinél minél ennél annál nála c
ill. -ba / -be kibe mibe ebbe abba bele bele- c
sub. -ra / -re kire mire erre arra rá- c
all. -hoz/-hez/-höz kihez mihez ehhez ahhoz hozzá hozzá- c
el. -ból / -ből kiből miből ebből abból belőle c
del. -ról / -ről kiről miről erről arról róla c
abl. -tól / -től kitől mitől ettől attól tőle c
*: Ő and őt refer to human beings; the forms below them might be
construed likewise. – Forms in parentheses are uncommon. All »

From Proto-Uralic *ke, the same root from which the Finnish ken and Ter Sami kie are derived.

Pronoun[edit]

ki

  1. (interrogative) who (what person or people; which person or people)
  2. (relative, archaic) Synonym of aki (who, the person or people that)
    • 1916, Mihály Babits, Új könyvekre,[1] stanza 2:
      Gondoljatok arra, kit messze rejtek / rejt tőletek, ki ha kóstolja bortok / nem érzi már ízét sem; és ha szóltok / nem érti, s más összhang mit vágya kerget.
      (literally) Think of the one who is hidden from you by a distant hideout, who when tasting your wine will not sense its savor anymore, [who] will not understand when you speak to him, and it’s a different harmony [that] his desire pursues.
  3. (relative, archaic) Synonym of az, aki (who, whoever, he/she who, they who)
    ki korán kel, aranyat lelthe early bird gets the worm (literally, “whoever gets up early finds gold”)
  4. (paired) some (referring to people)
    Ki erre, ki arra szaladt.Some ran this way; some, the other way.

ed  Table of Correlatives (cf. H. demonstrative adverbs)
question same every-/all no- relative some any else
this that ugyan mind(en)- se(m/n)- a- + qu. vala  akár
bár
más
who ki ő u mindenki senki aki v a b m
what mi ez az u u minden semmi ami /
amely
v a b m
which melyik mindegyik
mind
semelyik
egyik sem
amelyik v a b m
how hogy(an)
miként
így úgy u u mindenhogy
mindenhogyan
sehogy(an)
semmiképpen
(a)mint
ahogy(an)
v
v
a b
a b
m/m
m/m
whatlike
what kind
milyen
miféle
ilyen
efféle
olyan
afféle
u u mindenféle semmilyen
semmiféle
amilyen v
v
a b
a b
m
m/m
where hol itt ott u u mindenhol
mindenütt
sehol ahol v a b m
m
from wh. honnan innen onnan u u mindenhonnan sehonnan ahonnan v a b m
to where hova
hová
ide oda u u mindenhova
mindenhová
sehova
sehová
ahova
ahová
v
v
a b
a b
m
m
from
which way
merről erről arról u u mindenfelől semerről amerről v a b m
which way merre erre arra u u mindenfelé semerre amerre v a b m
why miért ezért azért u u mindenért semmiért amiért v a b m
how many hány ennyi annyi u u mind
az összes
sehány ahány v a b
how much mennyi semennyi amennyi v a b
what extent mennyire ennyire annyira u u (teljesen) semennyire amennyire v a b
what size mekkora ekkora akkora u u (az egész) semekkora amekkora v a b
what time mikor ekkor akkor u u mindig soha/sose(m)
sohase(m)
amikor v a b m
how long
how far
meddig eddig addig u u (végig)* semeddig ameddig v a b
*: Mindeddig/-addig mean “up until this/that point” (= egészen eddig/addig).
Csak following relative pronouns expresses “-ever”, e.g. aki csak (whoever);
is after “any” pronouns emphasizes “no matter”: akármit is (no matter what).
né- (some) forms compounds with few words.
Declension[edit]
Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative ki kik
accusative kit kiket
dative kinek kiknek
instrumental kivel kikkel
causal-final kiért kikért
translative kivé kikké
terminative kiig kikig
essive-formal kiként kikként
essive-modal
inessive kiben kikben
superessive kin kiken
adessive kinél kiknél
illative kibe kikbe
sublative kire kikre
allative kihez kikhez
elative kiből kikből
delative kiről kikről
ablative kitől kiktől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
kié kiké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
kiéi kikéi
Possessive forms of ki
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. kim kijeim
2nd person sing. kid kijeid
3rd person sing. kije kijei
1st person plural kink kijeink
2nd person plural kitek kijeitek
3rd person plural kijük kijeik
Derived terms[edit]
Compound words
Expressions

Further reading[edit]

  • (who): ki in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • (out): ki in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

ki

  1. Rōmaji transcription of
  2. Rōmaji transcription of

Javanese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Clipping of iki.

Determiner[edit]

ki

  1. (colloquial) this, these

Kabuverdianu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Portuguese que.

Adverb[edit]

ki

  1. than
  2. that
  3. which

Kamassian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Uralic *kuŋe.

Noun[edit]

ki (transliteration needed)

  1. moon

Kristang[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Portuguese que.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ki

  1. (interrogative) what (what thing)
  2. (relative) that; which

Maori[edit]

Particle[edit]

ki

  1. to, toward.

Mauritian Creole[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From French qui.

Pronoun[edit]

ki

  1. (relative) who
  2. (relative) what
Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From French que.

Particle[edit]

ki

  1. than
  2. that

Min Nan[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of ki – see (“branch; twig; etc.”).
(This character, ki, is the Pe̍h-ōe-jī form of .)

Mohawk[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ki

  1. this

Old French[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ki

  1. Alternative form of qui
    • 13th century, Unknown, La Vie de Saint Laurent, page 1, column 2, line 16:
      ki trop i prent son tens i pert
      He who spends too much of his time on it suffers as a result

Papiamentu[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Portuguese quê and Spanish qué.

Pronoun[edit]

ki

  1. what

Phalura[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Postposition[edit]

ki (کیۡ)

  1. as
  2. of
  3. out of
  4. with

References[edit]

  • Liljegren, Henrik; Haider, Naseem (2011) Palula Vocabulary (FLI Language and Culture Series; 7)‎[2], Islamabad, Pakistan: Forum for Language Initiatives, →ISBN

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

ki (conjunction, Perso-Arabic spelling کیۡ)

  1. or

References[edit]

  • Liljegren, Henrik; Haider, Naseem (2011) Palula Vocabulary (FLI Language and Culture Series; 7)‎[3], Islamabad, Pakistan: Forum for Language Initiatives, →ISBN

Etymology 3[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

ki (conjunction, Perso-Arabic spelling کیۡ)

  1. Complementizer preceding extraposed complement clause

References[edit]

  • Liljegren, Henrik; Haider, Naseem (2011) Palula Vocabulary (FLI Language and Culture Series; 7)‎[4], Islamabad, Pakistan: Forum for Language Initiatives, →ISBN

Rapa Nui[edit]

Verb[edit]

ki

  1. say
  2. look

Rohingya[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Bengali [Term?].

Pronoun[edit]

ki

  1. what

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *kъjь, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷos + relative particle *yos.

Pronoun[edit]

ki (Cyrillic spelling ки)

  1. (Kajkavian, relative) which, that, who

Synonyms[edit]


Slovene[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *kъjь, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷos + relative particle *yos.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ki

  1. who, which, that (relative)

Inflection[edit]

This pronoun needs an inflection-table template.


Sumerian[edit]

Romanization[edit]

ki

  1. Romanization of 𒆠 (ki)

Swahili[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ki

  1. it is

Tok Pisin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English key.

Noun[edit]

ki

  1. key

Tokelauan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Polynesian *ki. Cognates include Hawaiian i and Samoan 'i. The sense of the direct object stems from the comparison of a thought's motion to a physical motion.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈki/
  • Hyphenation: ki

Preposition[edit]

ki

  1. towards, to, into, onto
  2. Marks the direct object of some verbs.

References[edit]

  • R. Simona, editor (1986) Tokelau Dictionary[5], Auckland: Office of Tokelau Affairs, page 159

Tongan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

ki

  1. to (in the dative sense)

Turkish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish كه‎, from Classical Persian که(ke).

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

ki

  1. that

Etymology 2[edit]

Reduced form of iki.

Numeral[edit]

ki

  1. two (short form of iki)
    bir-ki-üç-dört
    one-two-three-four

Unami[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Algonquian *ki·ra.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ki

  1. you (second person singular)

Vietnamese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From French quille.

Noun[edit]

(classifier con) ki

  1. (bowling) a pin

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

(classifier con) ki

  1. (colloquial, euphemistic) dog (animal)
    ngu như kistupid like a dog

Etymology 3[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

(classifier cái) ki

  1. a dustpan

Yoruba[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter K.

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Particle[edit]

  1. (subjunctive) Subjunctive clause particle expressing obligation, wish, or permission.
Usage notes[edit]

Similar to the negation particles and , the first-person singular pronoun mo changes to n after this particle.

Etymology 3[edit]

Verb[edit]

  1. (transitive) to greet, to say hello
  2. (transitive) to visit

Etymology 4[edit]

Verb[edit]

ki

  1. (transitive) to deliver a eulogy for someone
  2. (transitive) to sing the praises of someone

Etymology 5[edit]

Verb[edit]

ki

  1. (transitive) to load
  2. (transitive) to compress (powdered material) into a container

Etymology 6[edit]

Verb[edit]

ki

  1. (intransitive) to be viscous
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 7[edit]

Particle[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (not) (used before í)

Etymology 8[edit]

Verb[edit]

ki

  1. to be thick (relating to stew or soup)

Zou[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Ki (1).

From Proto-Kuki-Chin *kii, from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *r-ki. Cognates include Khumi Chin täki.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

  1. horn

Etymology 2[edit]

Ki (2).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

  1. parrot

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

  1. scared
  2. disgusted

References[edit]

  • Lukram Himmat Singh (2013) A Descriptive Grammar of Zou, Canchipur: Manipur University, page 63