kid

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: kið and Kid

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kɪd/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɪd

Etymology 1[edit]

A goat kid.

From Middle English kide, from Old Norse kið (young goat), from Proto-Germanic *kidją, *kittīną (goatling, kid), perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *gʰaydn-, *ǵʰaydn- (goat) or Proto-Indo-European *gidʰ- (kid, goatling, little goat). Compare Swedish and Danish kid, German Kitz and Kitze, Albanian kedh and kec.

Sense of child since 1590s as cant, since 1840s in informal use.[1][2]

Noun[edit]

kid (plural kids)

  1. A young goat.
    • 1719, Daniel Defoe, Robinson Crusoe: Friday's Education,
      I went, indeed, intending to kill a kid out of my own flock; and bring it home and dress it; but as I was going I saw a she-goat lying down in the shade, and two young kids sitting by her.
    He treated the oxen like they didn't exist, but he treated the goat kid like a puppy.
  2. Of a female goat, the state of being pregnant: in kid.
  3. Kidskin.
    Synonym: kid leather
  4. (uncountable) The meat of a young goat.
    Synonym: cabrito
    • 1820, Walter Scott, chapter VII, in Ivanhoe; a Romance. [], volume I, Edinburgh: [] Archibald Constable and Co.; London: Hurst, Robinson, and Co. [], OCLC 230694662, pages 85–86:
      So saying, he gathered together, and brought to a flame, the decaying brands which lay scattered on the ample hearth; took from the larger board a mess of pottage and seethed kid, placed it upon the small table at which he had himself supped, and, without waiting the Jew's thanks, went to the other side of the hall; [].
  5. A young antelope.
  6. (informal) A child (usually), teenager, or young adult; a juvenile.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:child
    She's a kid. It's normal for her to have imaginary friends.
    • 1838, Boz [pseudonym; Charles Dickens], “Wherein Oliver Is Delivered over to Mr. William Sikes”, in Oliver Twist; or, The Parish Boy’s Progress. [], volume II, London: Richard Bentley, [], OCLC 558204586, page 12:
      “So you've got the kid,” said Sikes, when they had all reached the room: closing the door as he spoke.¶ “Yes, here he is,” replied Nancy.¶ “Did he come quiet?” inquired Sikes.¶ “Like a lamb,” rejoined Nancy.
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, “The Beanspiller”, in The China Governess: A Mystery, London: Chatto & Windus, OCLC 483591931, page 186:
      ‘No,’ said Luke, grinning at her. ‘You're not dull enough! [] What about the kid's clothes? I don't suppose they were anything to write home about, but didn't you keep anything? A bootee or a bit of embroidery or anything at all?’
    • 2007 July 5, Barack Obama, Remarks of Senator Barack Obama to the National Education Association Annual Meeting,
      Our kids are why all of you are in this room today. Our kids are why you wake up wondering how you'll make a difference and go to bed thinking about tomorrow's lesson plan. Our kids are why you walk into that classroom every day even when you're not getting the support, or the pay, or the respect that you deserve - because you believe that every child should have a chance to succeed; that every child can be taught.
    • 2019 October, Ian Walmsley, “Cleaning up”, in Modern Railways, page 44:
      Network Rail is now the biggest kid in the playground, so if it doesn't want to play it doesn't have to, and the trees still fall down every time someone gives a low pressure system a name.
  7. (informal) A person whose childhood took place in a particular time period or area.
    Only '90s kids will remember this toy.
    He's been living in Los Angeles for years now, but he's a Florida kid.
  8. (informal) One's son or daughter, regardless of age.
    He was their youngest kid.
  9. (in the vocative) Used as a form of address for a child, teenager or young adult.
    No, kid, you didn't do anything wrong; they did!
  10. (colloquial) An inexperienced person or one in a junior position.
  11. (dated) A deception; an act of kidding somebody.
  12. (nautical) A small wooden mess tub in which sailors received their food.
    • 1830, James Fenimore Cooper, The Water-witch, Or, The Skimmer of the Seas
      peaceable, well-disposed chaps as ever eat duff (dough) out of a kid
    • We fasted till night, when one of the boys came along with a couple of "kids" containing a thin, saffron-coloured fluid, with oily particles floating on top. The young wag told us this was soup: it turned out to be nothing more than oleaginous warm water.
Derived terms[edit]
Terms derived from kid (noun)
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

kid (third-person singular simple present kids, present participle kidding, simple past and past participle kidded)

  1. (transitive, colloquial) To make a fool of (someone).
  2. (transitive, colloquial) To dupe or deceive (someone).
    • 1965, James Holledge, What Makes a Call Girl?, London: Horwitz Publications, page 76:
      `They are all very suspicious about the wording. I am always thinking up new ways of kidding them.'
  3. (transitive, colloquial) To make a joke with (someone).
  4. (intransitive) Of a goat, to give birth to kids.
  5. (intransitive, colloquial) To joke.
    You're kidding!
    Only kidding
Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Compare Welsh cidysen.

Noun[edit]

kid (plural kids)

  1. A fagot; a bundle of heath and furze.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Wright to this entry?)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Douglas Harper (2001–2021), “kid”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.
  2. ^ Francis Grose (1785) A Classical Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue, page 98: “KID, a child.”

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

English kid

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kid m (plural kids)

  1. (colloquial) kid
    Synonyms: gamin, gosse, (regional) minot

Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

ki (who) +‎ -d (your, of yours, possessive suffix)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈkid]
  • Hyphenation: kid

Pronoun[edit]

kid

  1. second-person singular single-possession possessive of ki

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative kid
accusative kidet
dative kidnek
instrumental kiddel
causal-final kidért
translative kiddé
terminative kidig
essive-formal kidként
essive-modal
inessive kidben
superessive kiden
adessive kidnél
illative kidbe
sublative kidre
allative kidhez
elative kidből
delative kidről
ablative kidtől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
kidé
non-attributive
possessive - plural
kidéi

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Danish kid, of same origin as native kje (goatling).

Noun[edit]

kid n (definite singular kidet, indefinite plural kid, definite plural kida or kidene)

  1. the meat of a goatling

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Noun[edit]

kìd n (definite singular kìdet, indefinite plural kìd, definite plural kìdi)

  1. form removed with the spelling reform of 1917; superseded by kje

Sikaritai[edit]

Noun[edit]

kid

  1. banana

Further reading[edit]


Sumerian[edit]

Romanization[edit]

kid

  1. Romanization of 𒆤 (kid)

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Swedish kiþ, from Old Norse kið, from Proto-Germanic *kidją‚ from Proto-Indo-European *gidʰ-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kid n

  1. a young deer

Declension[edit]

Declension of kid 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative kid kidet kid kiden
Genitive kids kidets kids kidens

Volapük[edit]

Noun[edit]

kid (nominative plural kids)

  1. kiss

Declension[edit]