طفل

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Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the root ⁧ط ف ل(ṭ-f-l).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

طِفْل (ṭiflm (pluralأَطْفَال(ʔaṭfāl))

  1. child (a minor)
  2. (collective) children (a minor)
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 22:05:
      وَنُقِرُّ فِي الْأَرْحَامِ مَا نَشَاءُ إِلَى أَجَلٍ مُسَمًّى ثُمَّ نُخْرِجُكُمْ طِفْلًا ثُمَّ لِتَبْلُغُوا أَشُدَّكُمْ
      wanuqirru fī l-ʔarḥāmi mā našāʔu ʔilā ʔajalin musamman ṯumma nuḵrijukum ṭiflan ṯumma litabluḡū ʔašuddakum
      ˹Then˺ We settle whatever ˹embryo˺ We will in the womb for an appointed term, then bring you forth as infants, so that ye may reach your prime. Some of you ˹may˺ die ˹young˺, while others are left to reach the most feeble stage of life so that they may know nothing after having known much.
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 24:31:
      أَوِ الطِّفْلِ الَّذِينَ لَمْ يَظْهَرُوا عَلَى عَوْرَاتِ النِّسَاءِ
      ʔawi ṭ-ṭifli allaḏīna lam yaẓharū ʕalā ʕawrāti n-nisāʔi
      (please add an English translation of this quotation)

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Maltese: tifel
  • Persian: ⁧طفل(tefl)
  • Turkish: tıfıl
  • Urdu: ⁧طفل(tifl)

References[edit]

  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “طفل”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN

Egyptian Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabicطِفْل(ṭifl).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

طفل (ṭiflf (pluralاطفال(aṭfāl))

  1. child

Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Arabicطِفْل(ṭifl).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Readings
Classical reading? tifl
Dari reading? tifl
Iranian reading? tefl
Tajik reading? tifl

Noun[edit]

Dari طفل
Iranian Persian
Tajik тифл

طفل (tefl)

  1. infant

South Levantine Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabicطِفْل(ṭifl).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /tˤifl/, [ˈtˤɪ.f(ɪ)l]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

طفل (ṭiflm (pluralأطفال(ʔaṭfāl), feminineطفلة(ṭifle))

  1. (formal) young child, toddler, baby

See also[edit]

  • بيبي(bēbi, baby)
  • ولد(walad, child; boy)

Urdu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Classical Persianطفل(tifl), from Arabicطِفْل(ṭifl).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

طِفْل (tiflm (formal pluralاطفال⁩, Hindi spelling तिफ़्ल)

  1. boy, child

Further reading[edit]

  • طفل”, in اُردُو لُغَت(urdū luġat) (in Urdu), Ministry of Education: Government of Pakistan, 2017.
  • طفل”, in ریخْتَہ لُغَت(rexta luġat) - Rekhta Dictionary [Urdu dictionary with meanings in Hindi & English] (in English), Noida, India: Rekhta Foundation, 2024.
  • Qureshi, Bashir Ahmad (1971), “طفل”, in Kitabistan's 20th Century Standard Dictionary‎, Lahore: Kitabistan Pub. Co.