ребёнок

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Russian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old East Slavic робя (robja), diminitive of робъ (robŭ, slave) from Proto-Slavic *orbę. Compare with па́робок (párobok, lad) (dialectal). The relationship with "slave" could arise from the meaning "orphan" because orphans carried out the hard work in the household.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [rʲɪˈbʲɵnək]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

ребёнок (rebjónokm anim (genitive ребёнка, nominative plural де́ти or ребя́та*, genitive plural дете́й or ребя́т*, related adjective де́тский, diminutive ребёночек) (* Use the second plural with the meaning "friends!", "fellows!", "guys!", "comrades!".)

  1. (plural де́ти, less commonly ребя́та) child, kid, baby: children, kids, babies
    Synonym: дитя́ (ditjá)
  2. (plural only) (plural ребя́та) guys, fellows, friends, comrades

Usage notes[edit]

  • The singular form can only refer to "child"/"baby" sense.
  • The plural form ребя́та (rebjáta) can mean "guys", "friends", etc.
  • For the plural form "children" де́ти (déti) is the preferred word but ребя́та (rebjáta) is also used.
  • The suppletive plural form де́ти (déti) is originally a plural form of дитя́ (ditjá).

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Belarusian: рабёнак (rabjónak)

References[edit]

Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) , “ребенок”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubačóv, Moscow: Progress