Kind

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See also: kind and -kind

German[edit]

German Wikipedia has an article on:
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Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German kint, from Old High German kind, from Proto-Germanic *kindą, *kinþą, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵenh₁- (to give birth). Cognate with Dutch kind, Latin gēns and genus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Kind n (genitive Kindes or Kinds, plural Kinder, diminutive Kindchen n or Kindlein n)

  1. kid; child (young person)
  2. child; offspring (person with regard to his or her parents; also a baby animal or young animal, especially as the second component in numerous compound nouns)
    Er war das zweitgeborene Kind in der Familie.
    He was the second-born child in the family.
    Er ist das Kind zweier blinder Eltern.
    He is the child of two blind parents.

Usage notes[edit]

  • The normal plural is Kinder.
  • The double plural Kinders (also Kinners) is colloquial and chiefly restricted to Low German areas (northern Germany). It is most often heard as a vocative, either referring to an actual group of children or figuratively: Kinders, wie die Zeit vergeht! − “Boy, how time flies!”
  • In German law Kind is usually defined as a person under 14 years of age,[1] while in non-German law Kind can mean a person under 18 years of age.[2] See also Jugendlicher (person under 18 years but at least 14 years old) and Minderjähriger (person under 18 years of age).

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gesetz über die Verbreitung jugendgefährdender Schriften und Medieninhalte (GjS or GjSM) from 1985 (with changes from 1994 and 1997), §.1(4); Jugendschutzgesetz (JuSchG) from 2002 (with changes from 2013), §.1(1)
  2. ^ Übereinkommen über die Rechte des Kindes (VN-Kinderrechtskonvention or UN-Kinderrechtskonvention), Art.1

Further reading[edit]

  • Kind in Duden online

German Low German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Low German kint, from Old Saxon kind, from Proto-Germanic *kindą, *kinþą, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵenh₁- (to give birth).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kɪnt/, [kʰɪ̃ˑntʰ], [kɪ̃ːnt]

Noun[edit]

Kind n (plural Kinner or Kinder or Kinga)

  1. (in most dialects, including Low Prussian) (human) child
  2. (in most dialects, including Low Prussian) offspring (person, with regard to position in a family)

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Pennsylvania German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German kint, from Old High German kind, from Proto-Germanic *kindą, *kinþą, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵenh₁- (to give birth). Cognate with Dutch kind, Latin gēns and genus.

Noun[edit]

Kind n (plural Kinner)

  1. child, kid