Kind

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: kind and -kind

Bavarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German kint, from Old High German kind, from Proto-West Germanic *kind. Cognates include German Kind and Luxembourgish Kand.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Vienna) IPA(key): /ˈkʰint/
  • Hyphenation: Kind

Noun[edit]

Kind n (plural Kinder

  1. (Vienna) child
    • 1938, Josef Weinheber, Wien wörtlich, Impression im März:
      Wårme Sunn, dås erste Pråterveigerl:
      Ållweil wieder gfreust di wiara Kind.
      Warm sun, the first violet:
      You always rejoice like a child again.
    • 2015, “Wien wort auf di [Vienna waits for you]”, performed by Granada:
      Kumm ober, du eifrig's Kind.
      Come on, you eager child.

References[edit]

  • Maria Hornung; Sigmar Grüner (2002), “Khind”, in Wörterbuch der Wiener Mundart, 2nd edition, ÖBV & HPT
  • Petr Šubrt (2010) Wiener dialekt (master thesis), Masaryk University, page 48

German[edit]

German Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia de

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German kint, from Old High German kind, from Proto-Germanic *kindą, *kinþą, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵenh₁- (to give birth).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kɪnt/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɪnt

Noun[edit]

Kind n (genitive Kindes or Kinds, plural Kinder, diminutive Kindchen n or Kindlein n or Kindelein n)

  1. kid; child (young person)
  2. child; offspring (person with regard to his or her parents; also a baby animal or young animal, especially as the second component in numerous compound nouns)
    Er war das zweitgeborene Kind in der Familie.He was the second-born child in the family.
    Er ist das Kind zweier blinder Eltern.He is the child of two blind parents.
    Hyponym: Kleinkind

Usage notes[edit]

  • The normal plural is Kinder. The double plural Kinders (also Kinners) is colloquial and chiefly restricted to Low German areas (northern Germany). It is most often heard as a vocative, either referring to an actual group of children or figuratively: Kinders, wie die Zeit vergeht! − “Boy, how time flies!”
  • Dialectal diminutives include Kindel, Kindele, Kindl, Kindle and Kindli.
  • In German law Kind is usually defined as a person under 14 years of age,[1] while in non-German law Kind can mean a person under 18 years of age.[2] See also Jugendlicher (person under 18 years but at least 14 years old) and Minderjähriger (person under 18 years of age).

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gesetz über die Verbreitung jugendgefährdender Schriften und Medieninhalte (GjS or GjSM) from 1985 (with changes from 1994 and 1997), §.1(4); Jugendschutzgesetz (JuSchG) from 2002 (with changes from 2013), §.1(1)
  2. ^ Übereinkommen über die Rechte des Kindes (VN-Kinderrechtskonvention or UN-Kinderrechtskonvention), Art.1

Further reading[edit]


German Low German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Low German kint, from Old Saxon kind, from Proto-Germanic *kindą, *kinþą, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵenh₁- (to give birth).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kɪnt/, [kʰɪ̃ˑntʰ], [kɪ̃ːnt]

Noun[edit]

Kind n (plural Kinner or Kinder)

  1. (human) child
  2. offspring (person, with regard to position in a family)

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

Kind n (plural Kinga or Kinger)

  1. (Low Prussian) (human) child
  2. (Low Prussian) offspring (person, with regard to position in a family)

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

Kind n (dative Kinne, plural Kinner, vocative Kinners)

  1. (Paderbornisch) (human) child

Hunsrik[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *kindą, *kinþą, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵenh₁- (to give birth).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Kind n (plural Kinner)

  1. kid; child
    Die Kinner kenne net schlofe.The children can't sleep.
    Die Kinner gehn in die Schul.The kids go to the school.
    Sie baad eere Kind.She bathes her child.

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Pennsylvania German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German kint, from Old High German kind, from Proto-West Germanic *kind (child). Cognate with Dutch kind, Latin gēns and genus.

Noun[edit]

Kind n (plural Kinner)

  1. child, kid