kim

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Kim, kìm, and kiṃ

Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch kim, from Middle Dutch kimme.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kim (plural kimme)

  1. horizon
    Synonym: horison

Azerbaijani[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Proto-Turkic *kem (who).[1] Cognate with Turkish kim, Old Turkic 𐰚𐰢(kem, who), etc.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [kim]
  • (file)

Pronoun[edit]

kim (definite accusative kimi, plural kimlər)

  1. who

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Starostin, Sergei; Dybo, Anna; Mudrak, Oleg (2003), “*kem, *Ka-”, in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill

Crimean Tatar[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Proto-Turkic *kem (who).

Pronoun[edit]

kim

  1. who, whom

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Mirjejev, V. A.; Usejinov, S. M. (2002) Ukrajinsʹko-krymsʹkotatarsʹkyj slovnyk [Ukrainian – Crimean Tatar Dictionary]‎[1], Simferopol: Dolya, →ISBN

Danish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kiːm/, [kʰiːˀm]

Noun[edit]

kim c or n (singular definite kimen or kimet, plural indefinite kim, plural definite kimene)

  1. germ
  2. seeds pl

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch kimme. This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kim f (plural kimmen, diminutive kimmetje n)

  1. horizon

Synonyms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

ki (who) +‎ -m (my, of mine, possessive suffix)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈkim]
  • Hyphenation: kim

Pronoun[edit]

kim

  1. first-person singular single-possession possessive of ki
    Kim vagy te nekem? - Én nem Kim vagyok, hanem a bácsikád.Who of mine are you? - I'm not Kim but your uncle.

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative kim
accusative kimet
dative kimnek
instrumental kimmel
causal-final kimért
translative kimmé
terminative kimig
essive-formal kimként
essive-modal
inessive kimben
superessive kimen
adessive kimnél
illative kimbe
sublative kimre
allative kimhez
elative kimből
delative kimről
ablative kimtől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
kimé
non-attributive
possessive - plural
kiméi

Karaim[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *kem (who). Relate to Crimean Tatar kim ,Karachay-Balkar ким (kim) ,Kumyk ким (kim) , Urum ким (kim) ,Tofa ӄум (qum), Tuvan кым (kım), etc.

Pronoun[edit]

kim

  1. who

References[edit]

kim


Livonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *kümmen. Akin to Finnish kymmenen.

Numeral[edit]

kim

  1. ten

Usage notes[edit]

In names of tens kim takes on the form kimdõ – declension type 118 – sieldõ. In vīžkimdõ both compound components are declineable, e.g., in genitive vīdkimdõ.

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Lower Sorbian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

kim

  1. instrumental of chto
  2. locative of chto

Min Nan[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of kim – see (“copper; metal; etc.”).
(This character, kim, is the Pe̍h-ōe-jī form of .)

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

kim

  1. instrumental of kto
  2. locative of kto

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From German Kümmel, from Latin cuminum, from Ancient Greek κύμινον (kúminon).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kȉm m (Cyrillic spelling ки̏м)

  1. caraway (Persian cumin)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

kȋm (Cyrillic spelling ки̑м)

  1. (with) whom (instrumental)
Declension[edit]

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish كم(kim, who), from Proto-Turkic *kem (who). Cognate with Old Turkic 𐰚𐰢(kem, who), Karakhanid كِمْ(kim, who).

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

kim

  1. who

Declension[edit]

Inflection
Nominative kim
Definite accusative kimi
Singular Plural
Nominative kim kimler
Definite accusative kimi kimleri
Dative kime kimlere
Locative kimde kimlerde
Ablative kimden kimlerden
Genitive kimin kimlerin

Vietnamese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Sino-Vietnamese word from (“metal; gold”).

Noun[edit]

kim

  1. (rare, only in compounds) metal
  2. Metal, one of the Wu Xing
    Thổ sinh kim. Kim sinh thuỷ.
    Hoả khắc kim. Kim khắc mộc.
    Earth bears Metal. Metal enriches Water.
    Fire melts Metal. Metal chops Wood.
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Vietic *kiːm. Non-Sino-Vietnamese reading of Chinese (“needle”; SV: châm).

Noun[edit]

(classifier cây) kim

  1. a needle
  2. (of a clock/watch) a hand
Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Volapük[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

kim

  1. who (nominative)

Inflection[edit]


White Hmong[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

kim

  1. expensive

See also[edit]

Verb[edit]

kim

  1. to kneel on one knee