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Azeri[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *nē- (what),[1] the only Turkic root beginning with /n/. "The earliest [Proto-Turkic] form must have contained a unique initial nasal (generally nasals were not allowed word-initially), having yielded specific reflexes in modern languages."[1]

Cognate with Bashkir ни (ni, what), Chuvash мӗн (mĕn, what), Karakhanid [script needed] (, what), Kazakh не (ne, what), Khakas ниме (nime, what), Kyrgyz не (ne, what), Old Turkic 𐰤𐰀 (ne, what, which), Old Uyghur [script needed] (ne, what), Tatar ни (ni, what), Turkish ne (what), Turkmen nǟmä (what), Tuvan чүү (čüü, what), Uyghur نېمە (nëme, what), Uzbek na (what), Yakut туох (tuox, what).[1]

Pronoun[edit]

  1. what
    • 2017, Vahid Çəmənli, Hər şey yaxşıya doğru:
      Babam durub oturdu, mən də qaça – qaça onların yanına gəldim ki, görüm, Əyyub dayı nə deyir, babam deyir.
      My grandfather sat back down, while I run towards them to see what uncle Əyyub and my grandfather have to say.
    Synonyms: nəmənə (South Azerbaijani)
    Bu deməkdir?
    What does this mean?
  2. whatever
    olur olsun!
    Come whatever may!

Declension[edit]

Determiner[edit]

  1. what, which
    Görəsən bunlar dildə danışırlar?
    I wonder what language they speak?
    Synonyms: nəmənə (South Azerbaijani)


Etymology 2[edit]

From Persian نه (na). Cognate to Old English ne (not).

Conjunction[edit]

  1. neither; nor
    • 2000, Firidun Ağasıoğlu, Azər xalqı:
      özləri isə məğlub, də başqasının hakimiyətinə tabe olmuşlar
      while they were neither defeated nor subjugated to foreign rule themselves

Usage notes[edit]

  • Not used alone but rather as nə...nə..., the way it is used is directly copied from Persian نه...نه...(“neither; nor”). Often used in form of + nə də.

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Starostin, Sergei; Dybo, Anna; Mudrak, Oleg (2003), “*nē-”, in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill.