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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 167 +2, 10 strokes, cangjie input 金十 (CJ), four-corner 84100, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1296, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40165
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1799, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4168, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+91DD

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (23)
Final: (139)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: zhēn
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕiɪm/ /t͡ɕim/ /t͡ɕjem/ /cim/ /t͡ɕiəm/ /t͡ɕĭĕm/ /t͡ɕi̯əm/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (23)
Final: (139)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: zhèn
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕiɪmH/ /t͡ɕimH/ /t͡ɕjemH/ /cimH/ /t͡ɕiəmH/ /t͡ɕĭĕmH/ /t͡ɕi̯əmH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhēn ‹ tsyim › /*t.[k]əm/ needle

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11448 3 /*kjum/
11449 3 /*kjums/

Definitions[edit]

  1. needle
  2. pin
  3. hand of a clock or watch
  4. tack
  5. acupuncture

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana はり, romaji hari)

  1. pin, needle
  2. hand of a clock or watch
  3. thorn
  4. staple of a stapler
  5. (fishing) hook

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(chim) (hangeul , revised chim, McCune-Reischauer ch'im, Yale chim)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(châm, chăm, chảm, găm, kim, trâm)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.