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U+91DD, 針
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-91DD

[U+91DC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+91DE]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 167 +2, 10 strokes, cangjie input 金十 (CJ), four-corner 84100, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1296, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40165
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1799, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4168, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+91DD

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kjum, *kjums
*kjub
*kʰljub
*ɡjub
*ɡjub

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kjum, *kjums): semantic (metal) + phonetic (OC *ɡjub).

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • chiam/cham - vernacular;
  • chim/cherm - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (23) (23)
Final () (139) (139)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕiɪm/ /t͡ɕiɪmH/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕim/ /t͡ɕimH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕjem/ /t͡ɕjemH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cim/ /cimH/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕiəm/ /t͡ɕiəmH/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕĭĕm/ /t͡ɕĭĕmH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕi̯əm/ /t͡ɕi̯əmH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhēn zhèn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhēn
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyim ›
Old
Chinese
/*t.[k]əm/
English needle

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 11448 11449
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kjum/ /*kjums/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. needle
  2. needle-like object; pin; brooch; hand (of a clock or watch); tack
  3. injection
  4. stitch
  5. acupuncture
  6. to poke
  7. (Cantonese) spy; informer   (Classifier: )
  8. Classifier for the number of injections.
  9. Classifier for the number of stitches.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
はり
Grade: 6
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana はり, romaji hari)

  1. pin, needle
  2. hand (of a clock or watch)
    時計 (とけい) (はり)3時 (さんじ) ()しています。
    Tokei no hari wa san-ji o sashiteimasu.
    The clock's hand is pointing to 3 o'clock.
  3. thorn
  4. staple (of a stapler)
    • 平沢唯 (CV: 豊崎愛生), 秋山澪 (CV: 日笠陽子) (lyrics 稲葉エミ), わたしの恋はホッチキス
      はじまりだけは  (かる)いノリで しらないうちに あつくなって もう (はり)がなんだか (とお)らない
      hajimari dake wa karui nori de shiranai uchi ni atsukunatte mō hari ga nandaka tōranai
      At first I started lightly, but before I knew it, it got so thick the staples won't go through anymore
  5. (fishing) hook
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(chim) (hangeul , revised chim, McCune-Reischauer ch'im, Yale chim)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Okinawan[edit]

Kanji[edit]

‎(hiragana はーい, romaji hāi)

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese (hari).

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana はーい, romaji hāi)

  1. needle

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(châm, chăm, chảm, găm, kim, trâm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.