時計

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See also: 时计

Chinese[edit]

 
o'clock; time; when; hour; season; period
 
to calculate; to compute; to count; reckon; ruse; to plan
trad. (時計)
simp. (时计)
anagram 計時计时

Etymology[edit]

From Japanese 時計 (tokei) (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

時計

  1. (literary) clock; timepiece; timekeeper

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
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時計 (tokei, tokihakari): a clock.
時計 (tokei, tokihakari): a pocket watch.

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
とき > と
Grade: 2
けい
Grade: 2
Irregular

From Middle Chinese 土圭 (/tʰuoX kwei/ invalid IPA characters (X), literally “earth, clay + stack of clay tablets”, a kind of sundial used in the Zhou Dynasty).[1][2][3]

The 土圭 spelling is the original form, with the kan'on reading of tokei. This has been largely superseded by the jukujikun (熟字訓) spelling 時計 in modern writing.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

時計 (hiragana とけい, rōmaji tokei)

  1. a clock, a watch, a timepiece, a timekeeper
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
とき
Grade: 2
はか(り)
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Compound of (toki, time) +‎ 計り (hakari, measuring, the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verb 計る hakaru, “to measure”).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

時計 (hiragana ときはかり, rōmaji tokihakari)

  1. (rare, possibly obsolete) a clock, a watch, a timepiece, a timekeeper
Usage notes[edit]

This reading is rare.

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, ISBN 4-09-501211-0
  4. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

時計 (sigye) (hangeul 시계)

  1. Hanja form? of 시계, “timepiece”.