時計

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See also: 时计

Chinese[edit]

 
o'clock; time; when
o'clock; time; when; hour; season; period
 
to calculate; to compute; to count
to calculate; to compute; to count; reckon; ruse; to plan
trad. (時計)
simp. (时计)
anagram 計時计时

Etymology[edit]

From Japanese 時計 (tokei) (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

時計

  1. (literary) clock; timepiece; timekeeper

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
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時計 (tokei, tokihakari): a clock.
時計 (tokei, tokihakari): a pocket watch.

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
とき > と
Grade: 2
(ateji)
けい
Grade: 2
(ateji)
Irregular kan’on
Alternative spelling 土圭

From Middle Chinese 土圭 (tʰuoX kwei, literally “earth, clay + stack of clay tablets”, a kind of sundial used in the Zhou Dynasty).[1][2][3]

The 土圭 spelling is the original form, with the kan'on reading of tokei. This has been largely superseded by the spelling 時計 in modern writing, which uses the character as ateji (当て字).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

時計(とけい) (tokei

  1. a clock, a watch, a timepiece, a timekeeper
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
とき
Grade: 2
はか(り)
Grade: 2
kun’yomi
Alternative spelling 時計り

Compound of (とき) (toki, time) + (はか) (hakari, measuring, the (れん)(よう)(けい) (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of the verb (はか) (hakaru, to measure).).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

時計(ときはかり) (tokihakari

  1. (rare, possibly obsolete) a clock, a watch, a timepiece, a timekeeper
Usage notes[edit]

This reading is rare.

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  4. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

時計 (sigye) (hangeul 시계)

  1. Hanja form? of 시계 (timepiece).