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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 118 +9, 15 strokes, cangjie input 竹戈竹口 (HIHR), four-corner 88253, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 890, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 26214
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1318, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 2990, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+7BB4

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kjɯm): semantic  ‎(bamboo) + phonetic  ‎(OC *ɡrɯːm) – a bamboo needle, probe.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (23)
Final () (139)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕiɪm/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕim/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕjem/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cim/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕiəm/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕĭĕm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕi̯əm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhēn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhēn
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyim ›
Old
Chinese
/*t.[k]əm/
English needle

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13527
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kjɯm/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to admonish; to warn
  2. (TCM) Alternative form of (zhēn, “needle; probe”).

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jam) (hangeul , revised jam, McCune-Reischauer cham, Yale cam)

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Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(châm, giăm, dăm, giằm)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

  • Nôm: châm, dăm, dằm, giăm, giằm

References[edit]

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999