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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 85 +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 水戈竹口 (EIHR), four-corner 33150)

  1. decrease, subtract, diminish

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 633, character 42
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17759
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1040, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1671, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+6E1B

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (減), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 匣 (33)
Final: 咸
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 下斬切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɣɛmX/ /ɣămX/ /ɣɐmX/ /ɦɯæmX/ /ɦəɨmX/ /ɣɐmX/ /ɣɐmX/
Character (減), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 咸
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 古斬切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɣɛmX/ /kămX/ /kɐmX/ /kɯæmX/ /kəɨmX/ /kɐmX/ /kɐmX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jiǎn ‹ hɛmX › /*m-kˤr[ə]mʔ/ abridge
jiǎn ‹ kɛmX › /*kˤr[ə]mʔ/ reduce

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13509 1 /*krɯːmʔ/
13521 1 /*ɡrɯːmʔ/

Verb[edit]

  1. to subtract

Antonyms[edit]

  • (“to add”)

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Suffix[edit]

‎(hiragana げん, romaji -gen)

  1. reduction

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gam) (hangeul , revised gam, McCune-Reischauer kam, Yale kam)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(giảm, dởm, xảm)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.