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See also:
U+6E1B, 減
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6E1B

[U+6E1A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6E1C]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 85 +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 水戈竹口 (EIHR), four-corner 33150, composition)

  1. decrease, subtract, diminish

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 633, character 42
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17759
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1040, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1671, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+6E1B

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kɯːmʔ
*kɯːmʔ
*kʰɯːmʔ, *ŋɡrɯːms
*kʰɯːmʔ, *kʰɯːms
*ɡɯːmʔ
*ɡɯːms
*qʰaːmʔ, *qʰrɯːmʔ, *ɡrɯːmʔ
*krɯːm
*krɯːm, *kjum
*krɯːm, *ŋɡrɯːm
*krɯːmʔ, *ɡrɯːmʔ
*ŋɡrɯːm, *ɡram
*ŋɡrɯːm
*ɡrɯːm
*ɡrɯːm
*ɡrɯːm
*ɡrɯːm
*ɡrɯːm
*ɡrɯːm
*ɡam, *ɡram, *kjɯm
*kjɯm
*kjɯm
*kjum

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • kiám - vernacular;
  • kám - literary;
  • kiám - literary (Zhangzhou).

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (33) (28)
Final () (151) (151)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () II II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠɛmX/ /kˠɛmX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦᵚæmX/ /kᵚæmX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣɐmX/ /kɐmX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦəɨmX/ /kəɨmX/
Li
Rong
/ɣɐmX/ /kɐmX/
Wang
Li
/ɣɐmX/ /kɐmX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣămX/ /kămX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiàn jiǎn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiǎn jiǎn
Middle
Chinese
‹ hɛmX › ‹ kɛmX ›
Old
Chinese
/*m-kˤr[ə]mʔ/ /*kˤr[ə]mʔ/
English abridge reduce

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 13509 13521
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*krɯːmʔ/ /*ɡrɯːmʔ/

Verb[edit]

  1. to subtract
  2. 55th tetragram of the Taixuanjing

Antonyms[edit]

  • (jiā, “to add”)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana げん, rōmaji -gen)

  1. reduction

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gam) (hangeul , revised gam, McCune-Reischauer kam, Yale kam)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(giảm, dởm, xảm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.