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Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 147 +13, 20 strokes, cangjie input 竹月月山山 (HBBUU), four-corner 77216)

  1. to wake up from sleep
  2. conscious

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1137, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 34973
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1604, character 29
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3675, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+89BA

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kruːɡs, *kruːɡ): phonetic  ‎(OC *ɡruːɡ) + semantic  ‎(see)

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation 1[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕiɑu⁵¹/
Harbin /t͡ɕiau⁵³/
Tianjin /t͡ɕiɑu⁵³/
Jinan /t͡ɕiɔ²¹/
Qingdao /t͡ɕiɔ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕiau³¹²/
Xi'an /t͡ɕiau⁴⁴/
Xining /t͡ɕiɔ²¹³/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕiɔ¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕiɔ¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕiɔ²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕiau³⁵/
Chengdu /kau¹³/
Guiyang /t͡ɕiao²¹³/
Kunming /t͡ɕiɔ²¹²/
Nanjing /t͡ɕiɔo⁴⁴/
Hefei /t͡ɕiɔ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕiau⁴⁵/
Pingyao /t͡ɕiɔ³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡ɕiɔ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /kɔ³⁵/
Suzhou /kæ⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕiɔ⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /ko²¹³/
Hui Shexian /kɔ³²⁴/
Tunxi /kon²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕiau⁵⁵/
/kau⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /kaɯ⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /kɑu⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /kau⁵³/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /kau³³/
Nanning /kɛu³³/
Hong Kong /kau³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kau²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong)
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ka²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kak̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /xiɔk̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (10)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɣʌk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɯɔk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɔk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kaɨwk̚/
Li
Rong
/kɔk̚/
Wang
Li
/kɔk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɔk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jue
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jué
Middle
Chinese
‹ kæwk ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˤruk/
English be aware

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 14075
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kruːɡ/

Noun[edit]

  1. feeling, thinking
    /   ―  jiào  ―  to feel that; to think that
  2. awareness, consciousness
    /   ―  jiào  ―  awareness
  3. dawn upon
    /   ―  jiàoxǐng  ―  to come to realize
  4. awakening
    /   ―  jiào  ―  great awakening

Pronunciation 2[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕiɑu⁵¹/
Harbin /t͡ɕiau⁵³/
Tianjin /t͡ɕiɑu⁵³/
Jinan /t͡ɕiɔ²¹/
Qingdao /t͡ɕiɔ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕiau³¹²/
Xi'an /t͡ɕiau⁴⁴/
Xining /t͡ɕiɔ²¹³/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕiɔ¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕiɔ¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕiɔ²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕiau³⁵/
Chengdu /kau¹³/
Guiyang /t͡ɕiao²¹³/
Kunming /t͡ɕiɔ²¹²/
Nanjing /t͡ɕiɔo⁴⁴/
Hefei /t͡ɕiɔ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕiau⁴⁵/
Pingyao /t͡ɕiɔ³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡ɕiɔ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /kɔ³⁵/
Suzhou /kæ⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕiɔ⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /ko²¹³/
Hui Shexian /kɔ³²⁴/
Tunxi /kon²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕiau⁵⁵/
/kau⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /kaɯ⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /kɑu⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /kau⁵³/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /kau³³/
Nanning /kɛu³³/
Hong Kong /kau³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kau²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong)
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ka²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kak̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /xiɔk̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (90)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɣauH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɯauH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kauH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kaɨwH/
Li
Rong
/kauH/
Wang
Li
/kauH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kauH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiào
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiào
Middle
Chinese
‹ kæwH ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˤruk-s/
English awaken

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 14070
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kruːɡs/

Verb[edit]

  1. to take a nap, to go to bed, to go to sleep

Classifier[edit]

  1. classifier for periods of sleep

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gak, gyo) (hangeul , , revised gak, gyo, McCune-Reischauer kak, kyo, Yale kak, kyo)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(giác, nhác, rác, dác)

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