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U+5802, 堂
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5802

[U+5801]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5803]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 32, +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 火月口土 (FBRG), four-corner 90104, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 231, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5207
  • Dae Jaweon: page 469, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 452, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+5802

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
堂-bronze.svg 堂-silk.svg 堂-seal.svg 堂-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*taːŋ, *taːŋs
*taːŋ
*taːŋ, *sʰraːŋ
*taːŋ
*taːŋ
*taːŋ, *taːŋs
*taːŋ, *taːŋs
*taːŋ
*taːŋʔ, *taːŋs
*taːŋʔ, *tʰaːŋʔ
*taːŋʔ
*taːŋʔ
*taːŋs
*taːŋs
*taːŋs
*tʰaːŋ
*tʰaːŋ, *daːŋ
*tʰaːŋ
*tʰaːŋʔ
*tʰaːŋʔ, *tʰaːŋs
*tʰaːŋʔ
*tʰaːŋʔ
*tʰaːŋʔ
*hl'aːŋʔ, *ɦʷlaːŋʔ, *ɦʷlaːŋs
*tʰaːŋʔ
*tʰaːŋʔ
*tʰaːŋʔ
*tʰaːŋs, *rtaːŋ, *rtaːŋs
*daːŋ
*daːŋ
*daːŋ
*daːŋ
*daːŋ
*daːŋ
*daːŋ
*tjaŋʔ
*tʰjaŋʔ, *tʰjaŋs
*tʰjaŋʔ
*tʰjaŋʔ
*tʰjaŋʔ
*djaŋ
*djaŋ
*djaŋ
*djaŋ
*djaŋ, *djaŋs
*djaŋ
*djaŋ
*djaŋ
*djaŋ, *djaŋs
*hjaŋʔ
*rtʰaːŋ
*rtʰaːŋ
*rtʰaːŋ
*rtʰaːŋ
*rtʰaːŋs
*tʰoŋʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *daːŋ): phonetic  (OC *djaŋ, *djaŋs) + semantic .

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • tn̂g - colloquial;
  • tông - literary.
Note:
  • deng5 - vernacular;
  • tang5 - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /tʰɑŋ³⁵/
    Harbin /tʰaŋ²⁴/
    Tianjin /tʰɑŋ⁴⁵/
    Jinan /tʰaŋ⁴²/
    Qingdao /tʰaŋ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /tʰaŋ⁴²/
    Xi'an /tʰaŋ²⁴/
    Xining /tɔ̃²⁴/
    Yinchuan /tʰɑŋ⁵³/
    Lanzhou /tʰɑ̃⁵³/
    Ürümqi /tʰɑŋ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /tʰaŋ²¹³/
    Chengdu /tʰaŋ³¹/
    Guiyang /tʰaŋ²¹/
    Kunming /tʰã̠³¹/
    Nanjing /tʰaŋ²⁴/
    Hefei /tʰɑ̃⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /tʰɒ̃¹¹/
    Pingyao /tʰɑŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /tʰɑ̃³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /dɑ̃²³/
    Suzhou /dɑ̃¹³/
    Hangzhou /dɑŋ²¹³/
    Wenzhou /duɔ³¹/
    Hui Shexian /tʰa⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /tau⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /tan¹³/
    Xiangtan /dɔn¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /tʰɔŋ²⁴/
    Hakka Meixian /tʰoŋ¹¹/
    Taoyuan /tʰoŋ¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /tʰɔŋ²¹/
    Nanning /tʰɔŋ²¹/
    Hong Kong /tʰɔŋ²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tɔŋ³⁵/
    /tŋ̍³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /touŋ⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tɔŋ²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /tʰaŋ⁵⁵/
    /tɯŋ⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /haŋ³¹/
    /ʔdo³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (7)
    Final () (101)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /dɑŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /dɑŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /dɑŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /daŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /dɑŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /dɑŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /dʱɑŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    táng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    táng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ dang ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[d]ˁaŋ/
    English hall

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 11138
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*daːŋ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. main room of a house
    2. (historical) courtroom in a yamen
    3. room for a specific purpose
    4. hall; chamber; large room
    5. shop; store (in traditional store names)
    6. class; lesson
    7. of the same paternal grandfather or great-grandfather
    8. (honorific) mother
    9. Classifier for sets of furniture.
    10. Classifier for classes or lessons.
    11. Classifier for court sessions.
    12. Classifier for scenes or murals.
    13. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana どう, rōmaji )

    1. temple
    2. shrine
    3. hall

    Prefix[edit]

    (hiragana どう, rōmaji dō-)

    1. magnificent (building)

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (dang) (hangeul , revised dang, McCune–Reischauer tang)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (đường, đoàng)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.