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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 32 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 火月口土 (FBRG), four-corner 90104, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 231, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5207
  • Dae Jaweon: page 469, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 452, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+5802

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
堂-bronze.svg 堂-silk.svg 堂-bigseal.svg 堂-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *daːŋ): phonetic  ‎(OC *djaŋ, *djaŋs) + semantic .

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /tʰɑŋ³⁵/
Harbin /tʰaŋ²⁴/
Tianjin /tʰɑŋ⁴⁵/
Jinan /tʰaŋ⁴²/
Qingdao /tʰaŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /tʰaŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /tʰaŋ²⁴/
Xining /tɔ̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /tʰɑŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /tʰɑ̃⁵³/
Ürümqi /tʰɑŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /tʰaŋ²¹³/
Chengdu /tʰaŋ³¹/
Guiyang /tʰaŋ²¹/
Kunming /tʰã̠³¹/
Nanjing /tʰaŋ²⁴/
Hefei /tʰɑ̃⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /tʰɒ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /tʰɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /tʰɑ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /dɑ̃²³/
Suzhou /dɑ̃¹³/
Hangzhou /dɑŋ²¹³/
Wenzhou /duɔ³¹/
Hui Shexian /tʰa⁴⁴/
Tunxi /tau⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /tan¹³/
Xiangtan /dɔn¹²/
Gan Nanchang /tʰɔŋ²⁴/
Hakka Meixian /tʰoŋ¹¹/
Taoyuan /tʰoŋ¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /tʰɔŋ²¹/
Nanning /tʰɔŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /tʰɔŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tɔŋ³⁵/
/tŋ̍³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /touŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tɔŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /tʰaŋ⁵⁵/
/tɯŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /haŋ³¹/
/ʔdo³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (7)
Final () (101)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/dɑŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/dɑŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/dɑŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/daŋ/
Li
Rong
/dɑŋ/
Wang
Li
/dɑŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/dʱɑŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
táng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
táng
Middle
Chinese
‹ dang ›
Old
Chinese
/*[d]ˤaŋ/
English hall

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11138
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*daːŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. main room of a house
  2. (historical) courtroom in a yamen
  3. room for a specific purpose
  4. hall; chamber; large room
  5. shop; store (in traditional store names)
  6. class; lesson
  7. of the same paternal grandfather or great-grandfather
  8. (honorific) mother
  9. Classifier for sets of furniture.
  10. Classifier for classes or lessons.
  11. Classifier for court sessions.
  12. Classifier for scenes or murals.
  13. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

堂本光一

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana どう, romaji )

  1. temple
  2. shrine
  3. hall

Prefix[edit]

‎(hiragana どう, romaji dō-)

  1. magnificent (building)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(dang) (hangeul , revised dang, McCune-Reischauer tang)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(đường, chân, đoàng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.