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U+5510, 唐
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5510

[U+550F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5511]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 30, +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 戈中口 (ILR), four-corner 00267, composition广)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 192, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3709
  • Dae Jaweon: page 411, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 633, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5510

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡl'aːŋ
*l'aːŋ
*l'aːŋ
*l'aːŋ
*l'aːŋ
*l'aːŋ
*l'aːŋ
*l'aːŋ
*l'aːŋ
*l'aːŋ
*l'aːŋ
*l'aːŋ
*l'aːŋ
*l'aːŋ
*l'aːŋ
*l'aːŋ
*l'aːŋ
*l'aːŋʔ, *l'aːŋs
*kraːŋ
*kraːŋ
*kraːŋ
*kʰlaːŋ
*kʰlaːŋ
*kʰlaːŋ
*kʰlaːŋ
*kʰlaːŋ
躿 *kʰlaːŋ
*kʰlaːŋʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡl'aːŋ): phonetic  (OC *kraːŋ) + semantic  (mouth) – to exaggerate, to boast. and were near-homophones in Old Chinese.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • tn̂g - vernacular;
  • tông - literary.
Note:
  • deng5 - vernacular;
  • tang5 - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (7)
    Final () (101)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /dɑŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /dɑŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /dɑŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /daŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /dɑŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /dɑŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /dʱɑŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    táng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    tāng táng táng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ thang › ‹ dang › ‹ dang ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*r̥ˁaŋ/ /*[N-]rˁaŋ/ /*[N].rˁaŋ/
    English name of first Shang ruler exaggerate; great 棠棣 cherry tree

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 3959
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡl'aːŋ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to exaggerate; to boast
    2. exaggerative; boastful
    3. vast; wide; extensive
    4. road inside temple
    5. in vain; to no avail
    6. 50th tetragram of the Taixuanjing; "vastness, emptiness, pointlessness" (𝌷)
    7. (~朝) Tang Dynasty
    8. (figuratively) China
    9. A surname​.

    See also[edit]

    Dynasties (朝代) in Chinese history
    Name Time period Divisions
    Xia
    (~朝, ~代)
    2070 – 1600 BCE
    Shang
    (~朝, ~代)
    (~朝, ~代)
    1600 – 1046 BCE
    Zhou
    (~朝, ~代)
    1046 – 256 BCE Western Zhou
    西周
    Eastern Zhou
    東周东周
    Spring and Autumn period
    春秋
    Warring States period
    戰國战国
    Qin
    (~朝, ~代)
    221 – 206 BCE
    Han
    (~朝, ~代)
    206 BCE – 220 CE Western Han
    西漢西汉
    Xin
    (~朝)
    Eastern Han
    東漢东汉
    Three Kingdoms
    三國三国
    220 – 280 CE Wei
    Shu
    Wu
    Jin
    (~朝, ~代)
    265 – 420 CE Western Jin
    西晉西晋
    Eastern Jin
    東晉东晋
    Southern and Northern dynasties
    南北朝
    420 – 589 CE Northern dynasties
    北朝
    Northern Wei
    北魏
    Western Wei
    西魏
    Eastern Wei
    東魏东魏
    Northern Zhou
    北周
    Northern Qi
    北齊北齐
    Southern dynasties
    南朝
    Liu Song
    劉宋刘宋
    Southern Qi
    南齊南齐
    Liang
    (~朝, ~代)
    Chen
    (~朝, ~代)
    Sui
    (~朝, ~代)
    581 – 618 CE
    Tang
    (~朝, ~代)
    618 – 907 CE
    Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms
    五代十國五代十国
    907 – 960 CE
    Liao
    (~朝, ~代)
    907 – 1125 CE
    Song
    (~朝, ~代)
    960 – 1279 CE Northern Song
    北宋
    Southern Song
    南宋
    Western Xia
    西夏
    1038 – 1227 CE
    Jin
    (~朝, ~代)
    1115 – 1234 CE
    Western Liao
    西遼西辽
    1124 – 1218 CE
    Yuan
    (~朝, ~代)
    1271 – 1368 CE
    Ming
    (~朝, ~代)
    1368 – 1644 CE
    Qing
    (~朝, ~代)
    1636 – 1912 CE

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. Tang dynasty
    2. China, Chinese, Sino-
    3. foreign
    4. baseless, bogus
    5. abrupt, sudden

    Readings[edit]

    (Can we verify(+) this pronunciation?)

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    English Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia
    Kanji in this term
    とう
    Grade: S
    on’yomi

    /tau//tɔː//toː/

    From Middle Chinese (MC dɑŋ).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana とう, rōmaji , historical hiragana たう)

    1. foreign lands in general
    Derived terms[edit]
    Idioms[edit]

    Proper noun[edit]

    (hiragana とう, rōmaji , historical hiragana たう)

    1. (historical) name of various Chinese dynasties:
      1. the Tang dynasty (618-907 CE)
      2. the 後唐 (Kōtō, Later Tang) (923-937 CE)
      3. the 後唐 (Nantō, Southern Tang) (937–976 CE)
    2. (dated) China in general
    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    から
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese.

    Shift from (Kara), the name of China during the Han dynasty (202 BCE-220 CE), the use of this kanji signifies the transition to the Tang dynasty.

    Originally meant "China" during the Tang dynasty and "elements imported from China", then later expanded to mean "foreign lands in general" and "elements imported from foreign lands".

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Prefix[edit]

    (hiragana から, rōmaji kara-)

    1. element in compounds, referring to things imported from China or from other foreign lands
      漢詩 (からうた) (から) (うた) (から) ()漢音 (からごえ)
      karauta, karauta, karaage, karagoe
      Chinese-style poetry (as opposed to formal waka Japanese-style poetry), Chinese-style poetry, deep-fried chicken or fish (a style introduced by Europeans in the 1600s), "Chinese voice" → the kan'on or Chinese-derived reading for a character
    Derived terms[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana から, rōmaji kara)

    1. foreign lands in general
    2. Short for 唐織り (karaori): silk fabrics imported from China; an exquisitely-embroidered woman's kimono; a costume made in the karaori style used in Noh theater

    Proper noun[edit]

    (hiragana から, rōmaji Kara)

    1. (formal, dated) the name of China during the Tang dynasty (618-907 CE}
    Derived terms[edit]
    See also[edit]

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    もろこし
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    ⟨mo2ro2 ko1si⟩⟨moro2ko1si⟩ → */morəkosi//morokoɕi/

    From Old Japanese, first attested in the Man'yōshū (c. 753 CE).

    Originally a compound of (moro-, prefix meaning "many") + (koshi), the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of 越す (kosu, to cross (over)),[2] by reinterpretation of kun-reading (koshi) from on-reading of (Etsu, (state of) Yue).[3]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana もろこし, rōmaji morokoshi)

    1. (archaic) any objects imported from China
    Derived terms[edit]

    Proper noun[edit]

    (hiragana もろこし, rōmaji Morokoshi)

    1. (archaic) the name of China by the ancient Japanese people
      Synonym: 唐土 (Tōdo)

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
    2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    3. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (dang) (hangeul , McCune–Reischauer tang)

    1. Tang dynasty
    2. Chinese

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (Đường, đường, đằng, đàng, giềng)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.