伽羅

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

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伽羅 (Kara): the Gaya confederacy is shown here in orange.
Kanji in this term

Jinmeiyō

Grade: S
on’yomi

From Kaya kara.[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

伽羅 (hiragana から, rōmaji Kara)

  1. the Gaya confederacy, a grouping of smaller states on the southern end of the Korean peninsula, roughly dating to 42-532 CE
  2. more broadly, ancient Korea and/or China
Usage notes[edit]

The Gaya confederacy sense is also found spelled 加羅 and 迦羅

The broader sense is more commonly spelled (or rarely ) when referring to China, and when referring to the states that became modern Korea.

Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
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伽羅 (kyara): agarwood.
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
伽羅 (kyara): the Japanese yew.
Kanji in this term
きゃ
Jinmeiyō

Grade: S
on’yomi

There are two leading theories.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

伽羅 (hiragana きゃら, rōmaji kyara)

  1. Taxus cuspidata, the Japanese yew
  2. an aromatic tree
  3. incense, especially when made from such aromatic wood
  4. (by extension) something of high quality, a rarity, a luxury
  5. (slang, obsolete) during the Edo period, a red-light district slang word for money
  6. flattery, sycophancy
Derived terms[edit]
Idioms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Christopher I. Beckwith (2009) Empires of the Silk Road: A History of Central Eurasia from the Bronze Age to the Present, Princeton University Press, →ISBN, page 105: ““The spelling Kaya is the modern Korean reading of the characters used to write the name; the pronunciation /kara/ (transcriptionally *kala) is certain.””
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN