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See also:
U+97D3, 韓
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-97D3

[U+97D2]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+97D4]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 178, +8, 17 strokes in Chinese, 18 strokes in Japanese, cangjie input 十十木一手 (JJDMQ), four-corner 44456, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1394, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 43159
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1909, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4506, character 21
  • Unihan data for U+97D3

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alternative forms 𩏑
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia has articles on:
Wikipedia has articles on:
Wikipedia has articles on:
Wikipedia has articles on:

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡaːn): phonetic (OC *kaːns) + semantic (surround).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (61)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɑn/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦɑn/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣɑn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦan/
Li
Rong
/ɣɑn/
Wang
Li
/ɣɑn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣɑn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hán
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
hon4
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
hán
Middle
Chinese
‹ han ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]ˁar/
English (state in the Korean peninsula; Three Kingdoms period)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3702
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡaːn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. fence surrounding a well, puteal
  2. (~國) (historical) Han, an ancient Chinese county, viscounty, and kingdom of the Zhou Dynasty and the QinHan interregnum.
    1. The realm of this former state under other rulers.
  3. (astronomy) The star Zeta Ophiuchi in traditional Chinese astronomy, named for the state
    Synonym: 天市右垣十一
  4. A surname, named for the state
  5. (historical) common designation of Mahan, Byeonhan, and Jinhan, three ancient tribal federations located on the southern part of the Korean Peninsula
  6. Short for 韓國韩国 (Hánguó, “Korean (especially South Korean)”).

Descendants[edit]

  • English: Han
  • Zhuang: hanz

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. Korea, Korean

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
かん
Grade: S
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC ɦɑn).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(かん) (Kan

  1. Korea (now especially South Korea)
  2. (historical) Han (ancient Chinese county, viscounty, and kingdom of the Zhou dynasty)
  3. (historical) Short for 三韓 (Sankan, Samhan).

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
から
Grade: S
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(から) (Kara

  1. Alternative spelling of (Kara), specifically referring to Korea.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC ɦɑn).

Historical Readings
Dongguk Jeongun Reading
Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 ᅘᅡᆫ (Yale: hhàn)
Middle Korean
Text Eumhun
Gloss (hun) Reading
Gwangju Cheonjamun, 1575 나라 (Yale: nala) (Yale: han)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (surname):
  • (Korea; historical placenames):
    • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ha̠(ː)n]
    • Phonetic hangeul: [(ː)]
      • Long vowel distinction only applies at the initial position. Most speakers no longer distinguish vowel length at any position.

Hanja[edit]

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 한국(韓國) (Han-guk han))
(eumhun 나라 이름 (nara ireum han))

  1. Hanja form? of (Korea, the Republic of Korea).
  2. Hanja form? of (A surname.).
  3. (historical) Hanja form? of (Han (ancient Chinese county, viscounty, and kingdom of the Zhou dynasty)).
  4. (historical) Hanja form? of (common designation of Mahan, Byeonhan, and Jinhan).

Compounds[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Hanja in this term

(Han) (hangeul )

  1. (in news headlines) Short for ()() (Han-guk, (South Korea) South Korea).
    ()·() 자유 무역 협정
    Han·Mi jayu muyeok hyeopjeong
    Free trade agreement between the United States of America and the Republic of Korea

See also[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

A common convention in news headlines, this is almost always written solely in the Hanja form, even in contemporary Korean text otherwise devoid of any Hanja.

References[edit]

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: hàn

  1. Korea