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Translingual[edit]

Japanese stroke order
美-jbw.png
Stroke order
美-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 123 +3, 9 strokes, cangjie input 廿土大 (TGK), four-corner 80431, composition𦍌)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 951, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 28435
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1393, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3126, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+7F8E

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Ideogram (指事):  ‎(goat, sheep) +  ‎(person) – a person with a goat headdress.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (4)
Final: (17)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Open
Division: Chongniu III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: mǐ
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/mɣiɪX/ /mɯiX/ /miɪX/ /mjiX/ /mjiX/ /miX/ /miX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
měi ‹ mijX › /*[m]rəjʔ/ beautiful

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
8951 2 /*mriʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. beautiful, pretty
      ―  měirén  ―  a beautiful woman, a beauty
  2. delicious
      ―  měishí  ―  culinary delicacy, fine food, gourmet food
  3. good
  4. to be pleased with oneself
  5. the USA, the Americas (in compounds)
    /   ―  Měiguó  ―  the USA
  6. A surname​. Mei

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Suffix[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji -mi)

  1. suffix used by female given names, such as 奈美(なみ, Nami), 恵美(えみ, Emi; めぐみ, Megumi), 宏美(ひろみ, Hiromi)
  2. (rare) suffix used by male given names

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(mi) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer mi, Yale mi)

  1. the USA, the Americas (in compounds)
  2. beautiful

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(mỹ, , mẻ, mỉ, như, nhượng)

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